- Technion – Israel Institute of Technology
name = Technion – Israel Institute of Technology
native_name = הטכניון – מכון טכנולוגי לישראל
established = 1924
type = Public
president = Yitzhak Apeloig
head_label = Vice-Presidents
head = Paul Feigin, Moshe Sidi, Moshe Eizenberg, Zvi Kochavi, Peretz Lavie
students = ∼12,500
city = Haifa
country = Israel
campus = Urban
website = [http://www.technion.ac.il/ www.technion.ac.il] The Technion – Israel Institute of Technology ( _he. הטכניון – מכון טכנולוגי לישראל) is an internationally-acclaimed
institute of technologyin Haifa, Israel. The Technion, originally called the "Technicum", was founded in 1912. [http://www.haaretz.com/hasen/spages/1012505.html] The emphasis was on natural sciences, engineering and architecture, with a school of medicine added later. Two Nobel laureates have taught there. [ [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/lists/universities.html] .]
The Technion's Faculty of Electrical Engineering has been ranked among the top fifteen electrical engineering departments in the world. [ [http://www.ee.technion.ac.il/English/a_report_review_comittee_scan_2_e.html Electrical Engineering Department, Technion - Israel institutes of Technology ] ] Its engineering/technology and computer sciences faculties have been ranked among the top forty in the world. [ [http://ed.sjtu.edu.cn/ARWU-FIELD2007/ENG.htm field ] ]
The Technion was conceived in the early 1900s by the German-Jewish fund
Ezrah, as a school of engineering and sciences, and the only higher learning institution, in then Ottoman Palestine — other than the Bezalel Academy of Art and Design in Jerusalem (founded 1907). The cornerstone was laid in 1912, but studies began only 12 years later, following an intense debate over the language of instruction. Ezrah deemed the then-developing Modern Hebrewinappropriate for scientific instruction, and demanded that German be used instead. However, in the aftermath of World War Iand the decline of Germany's influence as a European superpower, Hebrew was adopted.
The Technion opened in 1924, although the official opening ceremony took place in 1925.
The first class amounted to 16 students, majoring in civil engineering and architecture.
During the 1930s, the Technion absorbed many Jewish scientists fleeing Nazi Germany and its neighboring countries.
The Technion awarded its first PhD in 1953 in electrical engineering. Until the opening of the school of engineering in the
Ben Gurion Universityin the early 1970s, the Technion was the only institution in the country offering engineering degrees.
Faculty of Medicine
The Bruce and Ruth Rappaport Faculty of Medicine is one of three state sponsored medical schools in Israel. It was founded in 1969 and is active in basic science research and preclinical medical training in anatomy, biochemistry, biophysics, immunology, microbiology, physiology, pharmacology. Other facilities on the Faculty of Medicine campus include teaching laboratories, a medical library, lecture halls and seminar rooms. Academic programs are offered at the Rappaport Faculty of Medicine leading to the Master of Science (M.S.), Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.), and Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) degrees.
They have developed collaborative research and medical education programs with the world's leading institutions in medicine and bio-medical engineering including
Harvard University, Johns Hopkins Universityand Mayo Medical School. Similarly, the Technion American Medical Students (TEAMS) program [http://teams.technion.ac.il] at the Rappaport Faculty of Medicine offers an American-styled, four-year, graduate medical training program geared towared American & Canadian students that wish to take advantage of the academic resources of the Technion, but plan to return to North America to practice medicine. The instruction and testing of TEAMS program is entirely in English.
Faculty of Industrial Engineering and Management
The Faculty of Industrial Engineering & Management at the Technion is the oldest such department in Israel. IE&M (
Industrial Engineering& Management) was launched as a Technionacademic Department in 1958. The Department grew under the visionary leadership of the late Professor Pinchas Naor, who served as its founding Dean. Naor's vision was to combine IE with management by creating a large, inherently multi-disciplinary unit covering a wide spectrum of activities, from applied engineering to mathematical modeling; from economicsand behavioral sciencesto operations researchand statistics. The Behavioral Sciences area of the Technion[http://iesf2.iem.technion.ac.il/psychology/] is the leader in applied social sciences research in Israel. It includes a program in Applied Psyshcology and in Human Relations Management. Faculty members include Anat Rafaeli[http://Anat.Rafaeli.Net] , Miriam Erez[http://ie.technion.ac.il/merez.phtml] , Ido Erev[http://ie.technion.ac.il/erev.phtml] , Peter Bamberger[http://ie.technion.ac.il/peterb.phtml] , Danny Gopher[http://ie.technion.ac.il/gopher.phtml] , and Eldad Yechiam[http://ie.technion.ac.il/yeldad.phtml] . The area has MA and PhD graduate programs.
A group of Technion graduates created
PHP(versions 3 through 5), a web programming language that is installed on more than 80% of the web servers worldwide.
[http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/01/070107213806.htm A program] devised by
Evgeniy Gabrilovichand Shaul Markovitchof the Technion Faculty of Computer Sciencehelps computers map single words and larger fragments of text to a database of concepts built from the online encyclopedia Wikipedia; this then helps in making broad-based connections between topics, to aid in filtering e-mail spam, performing searches and conducting electronic intelligence gathering at a more sophisticated level, according to the researchers.
The Technion offers many after-school and summer enrichment courses for young people on subjects ranging from introductory electronics and computer programming to aerospace, architecture, biology, chemistry and physics.
Programs of study
The Technion offers undergraduate and graduate studies in:
* Civil and
Food engineeringand biotechnology
Industrial engineeringand management
Architectureand urban planning
Science educationand technology education
Abraham Lempeland Yaacov Ziv, developers of the Lempel-Ziv(LZW) compression algorithm.
Avram Hershkoand Aaron Ciechanover, recipients of the 2004 Nobel Prize in chemistryfor the discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation
Marcelle Machluf, biotechnology and food engineering
Nathan Rosen, (co-author with Albert Einsteinand Boris Podolskyof physics paper about the EPR paradoxin quantum mechanics)
Dan Shechtman, first observer of quasicrystals
Asher Peres, co-discoverer of quantum teleportation, awarded the 2004 Rothschild Prize in Physics
Jacob Bear, mathematical hydrogeology
Eli Biham, cryptanalystand cryptographer
Shai Agassi— IT entrepreneur, Former Executive Board member of SAP AG
Saul Amarel(1928-2002), pioneer in Artificial intelligence. [Nagourney, Saul. [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0DE6DA1F3DF932A15751C1A9649C8B63 "Saul Amarel, 74, an Innovator In the Artificial Intelligence Field"] , " The New York Times", December 21, 2002. Accessed November 24, 2007.]
Itzhak Bentov— inventor and author
Andrei Broder— captchadeveloper, prominent search engine Vice President at Yahoo, formerly vice president at AltaVista
Yaron Brook— president and executive director of the Ayn Rand Institute
Uzia Galil— founding father of the Israeli science-based industries
Andi Gutmans— developer of PHPand co-founder of Zend Technologies
Uzi Landau— Israeli politician
Daniel M. Lewin— co-founder and CTO of Akamai, holder of two Technion degrees, speculated to have been killed while resisting AA Flight 11 hijackers according to the [http://www.gpoaccess.gov/911/index.html 9-11 Commission Report]
Udi Manber— BS 1975, MS 1978, prominent search engine developer and vice-president at Amazon.com
Dov Moran— BS, founder of M-Systemsand InFone
Yuval Neeman— Israeli physicist. One of his greatest achievements in physics was his discovery of the quark model
Avraham Shochat— Israeli politician
Zeev Suraski— developer of PHPand co-founder of Zend Technologies
Yossi Vardi— civil servant, entrepreneur
Avraham Yaski— winner of the 1982 Israel Prize for Architecture.
Zvi Zilker- mayor of the city Ashdod.
Zohar Zisapel— BSEE 1970, founder of the RAD corporations
List of universities in Israel
* [http://www.technion.ac.il/ Official Technion website]
* [http://teams.technion.ac.il/ Technion Foreign Medical Students Program]
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