Louis Andriessen

Louis Andriessen

Louis Andriessen (June 6, 1939) is a Dutch composer and pianist based in Amsterdam. He teaches composition at the Royal Conservatory of The Hague. He was recipient of the Gaudeamus International Composers Award in 1959.

Family and early life

Andriessen was born in Utrecht into a musical family, the son of the composer Hendrik Andriessen (1892-1981), brother of composers Jurriaan Andriessen (1925-1996) and Caecilia Andriessen (1931-), and nephew of Willem Andriessen (1887-1964).

Andriessen originally studied with his father and Kees van Baaren at the Royal Conservatory of The Hague, before embarking upon two years of study with Italian composer Luciano Berio in Milan and Berlin.

Andriessen is married to Jeanette Yanikian, a guitarist (1935-2008). They have been a couple for over 40 years, and have been married since 1996. [ [http://arts.guardian.co.uk/features/story/0,,800452,00.html John O'Mahony, "Louis the first". "The Guardian", 28 September 2002.] ]

tyle and notable works

Andriessen's early works show experimentation with various contemporary trends: post war serialism ("Series", 1958), pastiche ("Anachronie I", 1966-67), and tape ("Il Duce", 1973). His reaction to what he perceived as the conservatism of much of the Dutch contemporary music scene quickly moved him to form a radically alternative musical aesthetic of his own. Since the early 1970s he has refused to write for conventional symphony orchestras and has instead opted to write for his own idiosyncratic instrumental combinations, which often retain some traditional orchestral instruments alongside electric guitars, electric basses, and congas.

Andriessen's mature music combines the influences of Igor Stravinsky and American minimalism. His harmonic writing eschews the consonant modality of much minimalism, preferring post war European dissonance, often crystallised into large blocks of sound. Large scale pieces such as "De Staat" ['Republic'] (1972-76), for example, are influenced by the energy of the big band music of Count Basie and Stan Kenton and the repetitive procedures of Steve Reich, both combined with bright, clashing dissonances. Andriessen's music is thus anti-Germanic and anti-Romantic, and marks a departure from post war European serialism and its offshoots. He has also played a role in providing alternatives to traditional performance practice techniques, often specifying forceful, rhythmic articulations, and amplified, non-vibrato, singing.

Other notable works include "Workers Union" (1975), a melodically indeterminate piece "for any loud sounding group of instruments"; "Mausoleum" (1979) for 2 baritones and large ensemble; "De Tijd" ['Time'] (1979-81) for female singers and ensemble; "De Snelheid" ['Velocity'] (1982-3), for 3 amplified ensembles; "De Materie" ['Matter'] (1984-88), a large four-part work for voices and ensemble; collaborations with filmmaker and librettist Peter Greenaway on the film "M is for Man, Music, Mozart" and the operas "Rosa: A Horse Drama" (1994) and "Writing to Vermeer" (1998); and the recent "La Passione" (2000-02) for female voice and ensemble.

Andriessen's music is published by Donemus in the Netherlands and Boosey & Hawkes in the United Kingdom. His recordings appear on the Nonesuch Records label.


Andriessen helped to found the instrumental groups Orkest de Volharding and Hoketus, both of which performed compositions of the same names. He later played a role in the founding of the ongoing Schonberg and Asko ensembles.


[ [http://www.composers21.com/compdocs/andriesl.htm The Living Composers Project] ]
* "Nuit d'été" (1957) for piano 4 hands
* "Séries" (1958) for 2 pianos
* "Nocturnen" (1959) (text by the composer) for 2 sopranos, orchestra
* "Prospettive e Retrospettive" (1959) for piano
* "Trois Pièces" (1961) for piano left hand
* "Ittrospezione I" (1961) for piano 4 hands
* "Joli commentaire" (1961) for piano 4 hands
* "Étude pour les timbres" (1962) for piano
* "Triplum" (1962) for guitar
* "Ittrospezione II" (1963) for large orchestra
* "Sweet" (1963) for recorder (dedicated to Frans Brüggen)
* "Registers" (1963) for piano
* "Ittrospezione III (Concept II)" – Fragment (1965) tenor saxophone ad libitum, 2 pianos (section of Ittrospezione III [Concept II] ; may be performed separately)
* "Beatles Songs" (1966) (satirical arrangements of four Beatles songs) for female voice and piano
* "Souvenirs d'enfance" (1966) for piano
* "Anachronie I" (1966-67) for large orchestra
* "The Garden of Ryoan-gi" (1967) for 3 electronic organs
* "Choralvorspiele" (1969) for barrel organ
* "Anachronie II" (1969) for oboe, small orchestra (4 horns, harp, piano, strings), 1969; Hoe het is, 52 strings, live electronics
* "Reconstructie" (1969) (with Reinbert de Leeuw, Misha Mengelberg, Peter Schat, Jan van Vlijmen, libretto by Hugo Claus, Harry Mulisch) Morality opera for soloists, 3 mixed choruses (4 voices each), orchestra (11 winds, 7 brass, 2 guitars, 11 keyboards, 10 strings), live electronics
* "De negen symfonieën van Beethoven" (1970) for ice cream bell, orchestra
* "Spektakel" (1970) for improvisational ensemble (saxophone [+ bass clarinet] , viola, bass guitar, electronic organ [+ piano] , percussion [or other instruments] ), small orchestra (12 winds, 4 horns, 6 percussion)
* "La voile du bonheur" (1971) for violin and piano
* "In Memoriam" (1971) for tape
* "Canzone 3.Utinam" (1972) (text from the Book of Job) for soprano, piano, 1962; Thanh Hoa (text by Nguyen Thay Mao), voice, piano
* "Il Duce" (1973) for tape
* "Il Principe" (1974) (text by Niccolò Machiavelli) for 2 mixed choruses, 8 winds, 3 horns, tuba, bass guitar, piano
* "Wals" (1974) 1974 for piano
* "Symfonieën der Nederlanden" (1974) for 2 or more symphonic bands (minimum 32 players)
* "De Staat" (1972-74) (text by Plato) for 2 sopranos, 2 mezzo-sopranos, 4 oboes (3rd, 4th + English horn), 4 horns, 4 trumpets, 3 trombones, bass trombone, 2 harps, 2 electric guitars, 4 violas, bass guitar, 2 pianos
* "De Staat" (1972-76) for 2 pianos (version of vocal work)
* "Nederland, let op uw schoonheyt" (1975) for symphonic band
* "Workers Union" (1975) for any loud sounding group of instruments
* "Mattheus passie" (1976) (text by Louis Ferron) Music theatre work for 8 mixed voices, 2 oboes (both + English horn), Hammond organ, string quartet, double bass
* "Hoketus" (1975-76) for 2 panpipes, 2 alto saxophones ad libitum, 2 bass guitars, 2 pianos, 2 electric pianos, 2 congas
* "Orpheus" (1977) (text by Lodewijk de Boer) Music theatre work for 8 mixed voices, lyricon, electric guitar, bass guitar, synthesizer, percussion
* "Symphonie voor losse snaren" (1978) for 12 strings
* "Laat toch vrij de straat" (1978) (text by Jaap van der Merwe) for voice, piano
* "Hymne to the Memory of Darius Milhaud" (1978) (version of chamber work)
* "Felicitatie" (1979) for 3 trumpets
* "Mausoleum" (1979 rev. 1981) (texts by Mikhail Bakunin, Arthur Arnould) for 2 high baritones, orchestra (12 brass, 2 harps, cimbalom, 2 pianos, 2 percussion, minimum 10 strings, bass guitar)
* "George Sand" (1980) (text by Mia Meyer) Music theatre work for 8 mixed voices, 4 pianos
* "Un beau baiser" (1980) for mixed chorus
* "Ende" (1963) for double recorder (dedicated to Frans Brüggen)
* "De Tijd" (1979-81) (text by St. Augustine of Hippo) for female chorus, percussion ensemble, orchestra (6 flutes, 2 alto flutes, 3 clarinets, contrabass clarinet, 6 trumpets, 2 harps, 2 pianos, Hammond organ, strings, 2 bass guitars)
* "Commentaar" (1981) (text by Wilhelm Schön) for voice, piano
* "Ende" (1981) for 2 alto recorders (1 player)
* "La voce" (1981) (to a text by Cesare Pavese) for cello, voice
* "Disco" (1982) violin, piano
* "Overture to Orpheus" (1982) for harpsichord
* "De Snelheid" (1982-83 rev. 1984) for 3 amplified ensembles
* "Y después" (1983) (text by Federico García Lorca) for voice, piano
* "Menuet voor Marianne" (1983) for piano
* "Trepidus" (1983) for piano
* "Doctor Nero" (1984) Music theatre work
* "Berceuse voor Annie van Os" (1985) for piano
* "De Lijn" (1986) for 3 flutes
* "Dubbelspoor" (1986 rev. 1994) Ballet music for piano, harpsichord, celesta, glockenspiel
* "De Materie" (1984-88)(texts from the Plakkaat van Verlatinge, Nicolaes Witsen, David Gorlaeus, Hadewijch, M.H.J. Schoenmaekers, Madame van Domselaer-Middelkoop, Willem Kloos, Marie Curie, Françoise Giroud) Music theatre work for soprano, tenor, 2 female speakers, 8 amplified mixed voices, amplified orchestra (15 winds, 13 brass, harp, 2 electric guitars, 2 pianos [one + electric piano] , off-stage upright piano, celesta, 2 synthesizers, 6 percussion, minimum 9 strings, bass guitar. Two of its four sections may be performed separately as concert works: [2] Hadewijch, [3] De Stijl
* "De Toren" (1988, rev. 2000) for carillon
* "Nietzsche redet" (1989) (text by Friedrich Nietzsche) for speaker, alto flute, English horn, clarinet, bass clarinet, bassoon, 2 violins, viola, 2 celli, double bass, 2 pianos
* "Facing Death" (1990) for amplified string quartet
* "Dances" (1991) (text by Joan Grant, choreography by Bianca van Dillen) For soprano, small orchestra (amplified harp, amplified piano, percussion, strings). May be performed as a concert work.
* "M is for Man, Music, Mozart" (1991) (texts by the composer, Jeroen van der Linden, Peter Greenaway) for female jazz voice, flute (+ piccolo), soprano saxophone, alto saxophone, tenor saxophone, horn, 3 trumpets, 2 trombones, bass trombone, double bass, piano (TV score; may be performed as a concert work with one additional song)
* "Lacrimosa" (1991) for 2 bassoons
* "Hout" (1991) for tenor saxophone, electric guitar, piano, marimba (+ woodblocks)
* "Romance voor Caecilia" (1991) for piano
* "Nadir en Zenit" (1992) improvisations on poems by Sybren Polet for voice, piano (+ synthesizer)
* "...not being sundered" (1992) (text by Rainer Maria Rilke) for soprano, flute, cello
* "Song Lines" (1992) for 3-6 saxophones
* "Deuxième chorale" (1992) for music box
* "The Memory of Roses" (1992) for piano (+ toy piano)
* "Chorale" (1992) for piano
* "M is Muziek, Monoloog en Moord"(1993) (text by Lodewijk de Boer) Music theatre work
* "Lied" (1993) for piano
* "Rosa - A Horse Drama: The Death of a Composer" (1993-94) (libretto by Peter Greenaway) Opera for 2 sopranos, tenor, 2 baritones, female speaker, 8 mixed voices, orchestra.
* "Een lied van de zee" (1994) (text by Hélène Swarth) for female voice
* "Zilver" (1994) for flute, clarinet, violin, cello, piano, vibraphone, marimba
* "Base" (1994) for piano left hand
* "Odysseus' Women" (1995) (text by Homer, choreography by Beppie Blankert) for 2 sopranos, 2 altos, sampler
* "De komst van Willibrord" (1995) for carillon
* "To Pauline O" (1995) for oboe
* "Machmes Wos" (1996) for voice, piano
* "Trilogie van de Laatste Dag" (1996-97) (each of its three sections may be performed separately: (i) The Last Day (texts by Lucebert, folksong A Woman and Her Lass) for boy soprano, 4 male voices, orchestra; (ii) TAO (texts by Laozi, Kotaro Takamura) for 4 female voices, piano [+ voice, koto] , small orchestra [5 winds, 2 horns, harp, piano (+ celesta), 2 percussion, minimum 14 strings] ; (iii) Dancing on the Bones (text by the composer) for children's chorus, orchestra, 1997)
* "De herauten" (1997) for 3 horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, tuba, timpani
* "Not an Anfang" (1997) for piano
* "De eerste minnaar" (1998) (text by Ton Tellegen) for boy soprano, organ, 1998 (section of music theatre work Oldenbarneveldt; may be performed as a concert work)
* "Tuin van Zink" (1998) for viola, live electronics
* "Writing to Vermeer" (1997-99) (libretto by Peter Greenaway) Opera for 2 children's voices, 2 sopranos, mezzo-soprano, female chorus, orchestra (7 winds, 2 horns, 2 trumpets [2nd + bass trumpet] , 2 harps, 2 electric guitars, cimbalom, 2 pianos, on-stage harpsichord, 2 percussion, minimum 22 strings), CD (music by Michel van der Aa)
* "Woodpecker" (1999) for percussion
* "Image de Moreau" (1999) for piano
* "Dirck Sweelinck Missed the Prince" (1999) for harpsichord
* "Passeggiata in tram in America e ritorno" (1999) (text by Dino Campana) for female Italian voice, violin and piano
* "What Shall I Buy You, Son?" (2000) for voice, piano
* "Boodschappenlijstje van een gifmengster" (2000) (text by the composer) for vocalist (also writes), voice (may be performed as Shopping List of a Poisoner [translated by Nicoline Gatehouse]
* "Inanna's Descent" (2000) for mezzo-soprano, piccolo, oboe, violin, piano, 2 percussion ensembles (4-12 total players)
* "The New Math(s)" (2000) (text by Hal Hartley) for soprano, transverse flute, violin, marimba, CD (music by Michel van der Aa), 2000 (film score; may be performed as a concert work)
* "Feli-citazione" (2000) for piano
* "Passeggiata in tram in America e ritorno" (2001) (text by Dino Campana) for female Italian voice, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, electric guitar, electric violin, double bass, piano, percussion, 1998 (also version for voice, flute, horn, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, amplified violin, double bass, piano
* "De vleugels van de herinnering" (2001) (text by Larissa Tiginachvili [Dutch translation] ) for voice, piano
* "Fanfare om te beginnen" (2001) for 6 groups of horns
* "La Passione" (2000-02) (text by Dino Campana) for female jazz voice, violin, small orchestra (7 winds, 7 brass, electric guitar, cimbalom, 2 pianos, synthesizer, 2 percussion, 3 violins, bass guitar)
* "Very Sharp Trumpet Sonata" (2002) for trumpet
* "Strijkkwartet No. 2, 'Tuin van Eros"' (2002) for string quartet
* "Klokken voor Haarlem" (2002) for piano, celesta, synthesizer, vibraphone (+ glockenspiel)
* "Inanna" (2003) texts by Hal Hartley, Theo J.H. Krispijn) for 4 voices, 3 actors, mixed chorus, contrabass clarinet, 4 saxophones, violin, film (by Hal Hartley)
* "Letter from Cathy" (2003) (text from a letter by Cathy Berberian to the composer) for female jazz voice, harp, violin, double bass, piano, percussion
* "Tuin van Eros" (2003) for violin, piano
* "RUTTMANN Opus II, III, IV" (2003) for flute, 3 saxophones, horn, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, double bass, piano
* "Haags Hakkuh – The Hague Hacking" (2003) for 2 pianos
* "Racconto dall'inferno" (2004) (text by Dante Alighieri) for female jazz voice, small orchestra (8 winds, 6 brass, guitar, cimbalom, 2 pianos, 2 percussion, minimum 8 strings, bass guitar)
* "Xenia" (2005) for violin


* Adlington, Robert: "De Staat". Hants. (UK): Ashgate (2004). ISBN 0-7546-0925-1
* Andriessen, Louis and Elmer Schonberger (trans. Jeff Hamburg): "The Apollonian Clockwork: On Stravinsky" Amsterdam: Amsterdam UP (reprint, 2006). ISBN 90-5356-856-5
* Trochimczyk, Maja (ed.): "The Music of Louis Andriessen". London: Routledge (2002). ISBN 0815337892
* Zegers, Mirjam (ed.): Trans. Clare Yates. "The Art of Stealing Time". Arc Publications. ISBN 1-900072-88-2.

Notable students

* Allison Cameron
* Graham Fitkin
* Graeme Koehne
* Steve Martland
* Ye Xiaogang
* John Korsrud
* Paul Steenhuisen
* Frank Martinez
* Jay Alan Yim

External links

* [http://www.boosey.com/pages/cr/composer/composer_main.asp?composerid=2690 Louis Andriessen's Boosey & Hawkes Snapshot Page]
* [http://www.londonsinfonietta.org.uk/andriessen-online/glossary.html LondonSinfonietta.org: An Andriessen Glossary]
* [http://www.topologymusic.com/comment.php?comment.news.54 Louis Andriessen in conversation with Robert Davidson]

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  • Louis Andriessen — (Utrecht, 6 de junio de 1939), es un compositor neerlandés de música contemporánea. Contenido 1 Familia e infancia 2 Estilo y principales trabajos 2.1 Estudiantes notables …   Wikipedia Español

  • Louis Andriessen — Louis Joseph Andriessen (* 6. Juni 1939 in Utrecht) ist ein niederländischer Komponist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Wirken 2 Werke 2.1 Werke für Orchester 2.2 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Louis Andriessen — est un compositeur hollandais né le 6 juin 1939 à Utrecht. Biographie Jeune prodige issu d une famille de musiciens son père, Hendrik Andriessen (1892 1981), est également compositeur il a étudié avec Kees van Baren, au Conservatoire Royal de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Andriessen — is a Dutch surname. People with this surname include* Frans Andriessen, Dutch politician * Hendrik Andriessen, Dutch composer, father of Jurriaan Andriessen and Louis Andriessen * Jurriaan Andriessen, Dutch composer * Louis Andriessen, Dutch… …   Wikipedia

  • Andriessen — ist der Name einer niederländischen Musikerfamilie: Caecilia Andriessen (* 1931) Gijs Andriessen (* 1957) Hendrik Andriessen (1892–1981) Jurriaan Andriessen (1925–1996) Louis Andriessen (* 1939) Willem Andriessen (1887–1964) Andriessen ist auch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Andriessen — Andriessen,   1) Hendrik Franciscus, niederländischer Organist und Komponist, * Haarlem 17. 9. 1892, ✝ ebenda 12. 4. 1981, Vater von 2) und 3); war 1934 49 Organist an der Kathedrale in Utrecht, wurde 1937 Direktor des Konservatoriums ebenda und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Louis Toebosch — (* 18. März 1916 in Maastricht; † 22. Mai 2009) war ein niederländischer Komponist, Musikpädagoge und Organist. Schon in sehr jungen Jahren erhielt er die ersten Unterweisungen in Musik von Benoit Franssen, damals Chor Dirigent der Sint Servaas… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hendrik Andriessen — (September 17, 1892, Haarlem April 12, 1981, Haarlem) was a Dutch composer and organist. He is remembered most of all for his improvisation at the organ and for the renewal of Catholic liturgical music in the Netherlands. Andriessen composed in a …   Wikipedia

  • Hendrik Andriessen — (17 septembre 1892, Haarlem – 12 avril 1981, Haarlem) est un compositeur néerlandais. C’est le frère du pianiste et compositeur Willem Andriessen et le père des compositeurs Jurriaan Andriessen et Louis Andriessen et de la flûtiste Heleen… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jurriaan Andriessen — Jurriaan Hendrik Andriessen (* 15. November 1925 in Haarlem; † 23. August 1996 in Den Haag) war ein niederländischer Komponist, Sohn des Komponisten Hendrik Andriessen (1892–1981) und Bruder von Louis Andriessen (* 1939). Er studierte am… …   Deutsch Wikipedia