Sterkfontein Dam

Sterkfontein Dam
Sterkfontein Dam

Sterkfontein Dam Reservoir seen from the R74
Official name Sterkfontein Dam
Location Free State
Coordinates 28°26′54″S 29°01′22″E / 28.4484°S 29.0228°E / -28.4484; 29.0228
Opening date 1977[1]
Dam and spillways
Height 93 metres (310 ft)[1]
Length 3,060 metres (3,350 yd)[1]
Impounds Nuwejaarspruit[1]
Capacity 2,656,000 megalitres (2,656 hm³)[1]
Surface area 70 square kilometres (27 sq mi)[1]
Sterkfontein Dam is located in South Africa
Sterkfontein Dam

The Sterkfontein Dam, located just outside the town of Harrismith, in the Free State, province of South Africa, is part of the Tugela-Vaal Water Project, and located on the Nuwejaarspruit, in the upper catchment area of the Vaal River. The dam receives its water via the Tugela-Vaal Project which is a pumped-storage scheme involving the net transfer of up to 630 million m3 of water from KwaZulu-Natal. This is stored in Sterkfontein Dam and released to Vaal Dam via the Wilge River when needed. The Sterkfontein Dam is a very effective reservoir, since it has the depth to store lots of water, with very little loss to evaporation (the Vaal Dam has a very large lake (reservoir), with lots of evaporation). The Sterkfontein Dam was originally commissioned in 1977 and comprised 69m high earthfill embankment 2 290m long with no spillway. It was subsequently raised in 1980 to its current height of 93m with a crest length of 3 060m and a full supply capacity of 2 656 million m3. At full supply, it has a surface area of less than 70km2. The extended dam was commissioned in 1980, and has a capacity of 2,616,950 cubic metres (92,417,000 cu ft), with a surface area of only 67.260 square kilometres (25.969 sq mi), the dam wall is 93 metres (305 ft) high. The dam wall contains 17 million m3 of material making it the largest dam wall in South Africa with regard to volume, while the reservoir formed by the dam is the third largest in the country.

The Driekloof Dam next to it, is regarded as a separated dam and reservoir, and is not included in the above figures.


Photo Gallery

(Click to enlarge)

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f "STERKFONTEIN DAM". Department of Water Affairs and Forestry. Retrieved 2008-10-22. 

External links

External images
The weir separating the Driekloof Dam reservoir from the Sterkfontein Dam reservoir. at Rand Water

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Driekloof Dam — Weir separating Sterkfontein and Driekloof Dams with Driekloof in the background. Official name Driekloof Dam Location Free State, South Af …   Wikipedia

  • Protected areas of South Africa — include any geographical area protected for a specific use. Most protected areas are intended for the conservation of flora and fauna, including peace parks, national parks, and national botanical gardens. South Africa s national parks are… …   Wikipedia

  • Harrismith (Südafrika) — Harrismith …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wild Horses Lodge — (Sterkfontein Dam,Южно Африканская Республика) Категория отеля: 5 звездочный отель Адрес: Am …   Каталог отелей

  • Drakensberg Pumped Storage Scheme — Diagram of the dams involved in the Drakensberg Pumped Storage Scheme and Tugela Vaal Water Project Country South Africa Location …   Wikipedia

  • Parques nacionales de Sudáfrica — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Además de los Parques nacionales, en África del Sur encontramos las Reservas de caza (Game Reserve), y las Reservas Naturales (Nature Reserve), muchas de ellas de carácter privado. Los Parques Nacionales de Sudáfrica …   Wikipedia Español

  • List of reservoirs and dams — The List of reservoirs and dams is a link page for any reservoir or dam in the world, by continent.AfricaCameroon*Edea Dam *Song Loulou Dam *Lagdo DamNigeria*Kainji Dam *Jebba Dam *Shiroro Dam *Kano Dam *Kafin Zaki DamEgypt*Aswan Dams and Lake… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste von Talsperren Südafrikas — Die folgende Liste der Talsperren Südafrikas enthält die Talsperren bzw. die dazu gehörigen Stauseen im Staat Südafrika. Albert Falls Stausee / Albert Falls Dam Bloemhof Dam Chelmsford Dam Driekloof Dam Emmarentia Dam Gariep Dam, ursprünglich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Orange River — For other uses, see Orange River (disambiguation). Orange Gariep, Oranje, Senqu River …   Wikipedia

  • Harrismith — is a large town situated on the N3 highway in the Free State province of South Africa between Johannesburg (about 350 km from Johannesburg) and Durban. This important crossroads in South Africa s land trade routes is surrounded by mesas and… …   Wikipedia