Governor of Penang


Governor of Penang

Founding of Prince of Wales' Island

Sixteenth century Portuguese traders from Goa, India sailing to the Far East in search of spices and needing a place to replenish their water supplies referred to it as Pulo Pinaom. Sir James Lancaster commander of the Edward Bonadventure, under Sir Francis Drake, arrived there on June 1592, stayed and pillaged every vessel he encountered till September, finally arriving back in England in May 1594. But it wasn't till Francis Light that the Europeans became truly involved in the history, government and development of the island.

Light had set sail for India in 1765. There he secured command of a trading ship and was sent by the company of Jourdain, Sulivan & Desouza, a Madras firm of merchants interested in trading with Acheh, Kedah and Southern Siam. He was posted to Kedah and learnt to read and write several languages while trading around the region, including Siamese and Malay. Eventually he worked his way to an influential position with the Sultan Abdullah Mukarram Shah of Kedah by helping the Sultan recapture the fort of Kota Kuala Kedah which had been earlier seized in 1771 by the Bugis who supported forces in Kedah opposed to the Sultan.

Light realised the commercial potential of having a permanent British trading outpost in the region and suggested to the Sultan that if he could have Kota Kuala Kedah as his base he might use the fort to protect the Sultan from future attacks along the Kedah river estuary. The Sultan agreed, Light's earlier retaking of the fort having convinced him of the efficacy of British might. Light informed Jourdain, Sulivan & Desouza of this opportunity and urged his employers to convince the British East India Company's Government in Bengal to accept the terms. At the same time he wrote to Warren Hastings, and argued that the island of Penang would be highly advantageous to commerce in the East. In 1772 Warren Hastings was appointed Governor-General of Bengal and sent out two missions, one to Acheh and one to Kedah, neither of which were successful.

Light decided to move to Salang near Phuket, which he made into his headquarters. For the next fourteen years he traded from there until he was approached by the British East India Company. War in the American colonies and with their allies, France and the Netherlands had emphasised the increasing need for British naval presence and commercial settlement in the Straits of Malacca. Interest in Penang was revived.

In 1785 Light wed the daughter of the Sultan of Kedah who settled on Light, as a country, the island of Penang as a wedding dowry. Light promptly informed the East India Company and an agreement was made between the two. Light had his ownership of the island transferred to the Company and was appointed its governor. In May 1786 Light was made a Captain in the Marines of the British East India Company and Superintendent of its intended new settlement.

Light arrived at Kedah and presented his credentials to the Sultan. However instead of the broad undertaking of protection the Company only promised to keep an armed vessel to guard Penang and the adjacent coast belonging to Kedah, and there was no sum fixed for compensation for loss of trade. The Sultan hesitated, but eventually signed with reluctance. On 11 August 1786, Captain Francis Light, raised the Union Jack, took formal possession of the island in the name of His Majesty, the King and renamed it Prince of Wales' Island (name used until after 1867) in honour of the heir to the British throne whose birthday was the day after the founding of the island. Penang with a population all of less than a hundred native fishermen, was the first British possession in the Malay States and Southeast Asia. [India Office Records, G/34/1, Bengal Consultations, 1786-87, (hereafter referred to as BC), Bengal Council Meeting, 2 March 1786, letter from Light, 12 September 1786, Bengal Council Meeting 9 October 1786, Bengal Council Meeting, 13 December 1876] [The East Indian Gazetteer: Containing Particular Descriptions of the Empires, Kingdoms, Principalities, Provinces, Cities, Towns, Districts, Fortresses, Harbours, Rivers, Lakes, &c. of Hindostan, and the Adjacent Countries, India Beyond the Ganges, and the Eastern Archipelago; Together with ... By Walter (M. R. A. S.) Hamilton, Walter Hamilton Published by Printed for Parbury, Allen and Co., 1828; p. 420]

EIC Bengal|Residency of Prince of Wales' Island|Superintendents

From 1786 to 1805 Penang was a "Residency" under the direct control of the Governor of Bengal. The original governors of Penang were Superintendents appointed by the Governor-general in Calcutta, subject to the Bengal Government and were retained on a very small salary by the British East India Company. They were not members of the Indian Civil Service nor were they attached to any of the garrisons or military forces of the British East India Company. They were civilian traders who spent part of their time on the governance and administration of the island and part on their own personal commercial activities. Superintendents mediated and arbitrated in local disputes but had no formal of local jurisdiction. Light had argued for the need for well-paid, full-time administrators with complete responsibility and full powers of jurisdiction backed up with sufficient resources to enforce that authority, but this did not come for another fourteeen years. [Captain Francis Light to Sir John Shore, 25 Jan 1794, in Madden, ed., Select Documents iii. 218.] [http://books.google.com.my/books/pdf/Our_Tropical_Possessions_in_Malayan_Indi.pdf?id=eL8MAAAAIAAJ&output=pdf&sig=ACfU3U01oVMh-UR2IwAyrFKHZBnR6rFwMg&source=gbs_summary_r&cad=0 Our Tropical Possessions in Malayan India: Being a Descriptive Account of Singapore, Penang, Province Wellesley, and Malacca : Their Peoples, Products, Commerce, and Government By John Cameron Published by Smith, Elder, 1865; pp. viii, 1, 4, 5, 17, 20, 167, 174, 180, 186, 191, 195, 197, 198, 199, 234, 255, 304, 305, 306, 307, 314, 315, 318, 319, 320, 328, 329] ] [ [http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/nra/searches/subjectView.asp?ID=P17454 Light, Francis (1740-1794) Superintendent of Penang] ] [PENANG Gazette, centenary number, entitled "A Century of Progress, 1833-1933" FC115/N2/1 1933, Containing the last will of CAPT. FRANCIS LIGHT of DALLINGHOO, 1st Governor of PENANG, and other information relating to heirs. 1933. Printed at the "Pinang Gazette" Press Ltd. PENANG. (Now in MALAYSIA). DALLINGHOO PARISH RECORDS. Suffolk Record Office, Ipswich Branch. National Archives, UK.] [Lee Kam Hing provides a list of the Governors of Penang from 1786-1829 in The Sultanate of Aceh, p. 323.] [The Light Letters, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London]

*1786-1794: Captain Sir Francis Light (b. 1740 - d. 25 Oct 1794), Superintendent, Prince of Wales' Island, 11 Aug 1786 - 21 Oct 1794)

*1794-1795: Philip Manington (d. 1807), the first Magistrate of Penang, second Superintendent and acting governor, Prince of Wales' Island, 1794-1795.New Ways of Knowing: The Prince of Wales Island Gazette—Penang’s First Newspaper by Geoff Wade, University of Hong Kong; Email gwade@hkucc.hku.hk, Presented at The Penang Story – International Conference 2002 18-21 April 2002, The City Bayview Hotel, Penang, Malaysia organised by The Penang Heritage Trust & STAR Publications]

*1795-1799: Major Forbes Ross MacDonald (d. 1799), appointed by Governor-general Sir John Shore as the third superintendent of Prince of Wales Island and served from 14 May 1795 to 1799. [Christian Cemeteries of Penang & Perak by Alan G. Harfield Published in 1987 for the British Association for Cemeteries in South Asia ( [London] )] [http://books.google.com.my/books/pdf/The_Asiatic_Annual_Register__Or__A_View_.pdf?id=745JAAAAMAAJ&output=pdf&sig=ACfU3U0aQBAEVIyiLlSN0aU4Z9CERJ4ZhQ The Asiatic Annual Register For The Year 1807, Or, A View of the History of Hindustan, and of the Politics, Commerce and Literature of Asia: Or, A View of the History of Hindustan, and of the Politics, Commerce and Literature of Asia edited by Lawrence Dundas Campbell, E. Samuel Published by Printed for J. Debrett, 1809; Item notes: v.9 1807; pp 22, 23, 160] ]

*1799-1800: George Caunter, a Police Magistrate, was made Acting Superintendent of Prince of Wales' Island in 1797 during MacDonald's leave of absence. He again became Acting Superintendent when MacDonald resigned in 1799. 1807 Police Magistrate; 1810 Commissioner for the Recovery of Small Debts.

EIC Bengal|Residency of Penang: Prince of Wales' Isle & Province Wellesley|Lieut.-Gov.|

*1800-1803: Sir George Alexander William Leith, Lieutenant-Governor, Penang (Prince of Wales' Island and Province Wellesley).

*1804-1805: Sir Robert Townsend Farquhar, Lieutenant-Governor, Penang (Prince of Wales' Island and Province Wellesley).

EIC India|Presidency of India|Penang: Prince of Wales' Isle & Province Wellesley|Lieut.-Gov.|

In 1805 Penang's Colonial status elevated to that of an independent Presidency from that date till 1829 and was also known as the Eastern Presidency under the direct control of the Governor-General of India. This change was likely the catalyst for the founding of the Government Gazette in 1806. The new Government consisted of three councillors in addition to the Governor and 11 other officers. The Gazette subsequently dutifully recorded the arrival of new governors and appointment of new councillors.

*1805-1807: Philip Dundas, Governor and Treasurer; John Hope Oliphant, Alexander Gray and Capt Norman Macalister members in Council. Recorder of the Court of Judicature 1807 was Sir Edmund Stanley.

*1807-1807: Henry Shepherd Pearson, Governor (Acting), William Edward Phillips, member of council (Acting), sworn on on April 13, 1807. Pearson served as governor from April 13, 1807 to October 17, 1807.

*1807-1810: Colonel Norman Macalister, Governor; William Edward Phillips and Henry Shepherd Pearson, John James Erskine (provisional 1808) members in Council. Macalister and Pearson were sworn in on October 17, 1807. Macalister was in 1805 Fourth in Council, Commandant; 1808 Governor and Commander-in-Chief; 1810 Commander-in-Chief. In 1808 Lieutenant R. McDonald was ADC to the Governor and Captain John McInnis was Private Secretary to the Governor.

*1810-1810: Charles Andrew Bruce (b. 1768; d. 1810), Governor; Colonel Norman Macalister and William Edward Phillips as members of Council. [ [http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/nra/searches/subjectView.asp?ID=P3878 Bruce, Charles Andrew (1768-1810) Governor of Penang] ] New Ways of Knowing: The Prince of Wales Island Gazette—Penang’s First Newspaper by Geoff Wade, University of Hong Kong; Email gwade@hkucc.hku.hk, Presented at The Penang Story – International Conference 2002 18-21 April 2002, The City Bayview Hotel, Penang, Malaysia organised by The Penang Heritage Trust & STAR Publications] [Occurrences for March 1810: March 24 -- Late on Tuesday night, the ship Bengal Anna, Captain Thomas Scott, anchored in the harbour from Calcutta, having on board the honourable C. A. Bruce as governor; honourable Mrs. Bruce, and two children ; Mrs.' Scott and three children; Major Yule, J. C. Lawrence, esq. civil service, captain M'Innes, 2Oth regiment, and lieutenant M'Donald, Bombay establishment. At sunrise, on Wednesday, the Anna saluted the fort, which was returned. At seven o'clock, the honourable Mr. Bruce landed under the appropriate honours, and was received at the wharf by the honourable the governor and members ef council, who accompanied him through a street, formed by the military, to the government house. At ten o'clock, the honourable Mr. Bruce took the usual oaths and his seat as governor, and colonel Macalister was sworn in as second, and W. E. Phillips, Esq. third, and last member of council, under the customary salutes. The following proclamation was published by order of the honourable the governor and council. PROCLAMATION: Whereas the honourable the court of directors have been pleased to direct that a civil servant of the establishment of Bengal, should be appointed governor of this presidency, and the right honourable the governor-general in council, having under that authority, nominated the honourable Charles Andrew Bruce, to the office, the arrival of that gentleman, at this island, and his having taken the prescribed paths and charge of the government, is announced. All persons, in the honourable company's civil, military, and marine service, and all the other inhabitants of Prince of Wales's Island, and its dependencies, are therefore directed to take due notice thereof, and to obey the said honourable Charles Andrew Bruce, accordingly. The honourable the court of directors, having also appointed colonel Norman Macalister, to be second member of council, and commandant of the forces, and William Edward Phillips, Esq. third and last member of council, those gentlemen have this day taken the prescribed oaths, and their seats accordingly. Published by order of the honourable governor and council. THOS. RAFFLES, Sec. to Govt. Fort Cornwallis, March 21, 1810.]

*1810-1811: William Edward Phillips, Governor (1st time) (Acting);

*1811-1812: Archibald Seton was Governor of Prince of Wales Isle from 1811 to 1812.

*1811-1812: William Petrie was Acting Governor Prince of Wales Isle from 29 Nov 1811.

*1812-1816: William Petrie (b. 1748; d. Penang 1816), Governor; 1812 John James Erskine (provisional 1808) member in Council. Petrie received his appointment on 29 Nov 1811 probably owing to Aechibald Seton being absent on duty with the Java Expedition. Recorder of the Court of Judicature 1815 was Sir Andrew George Cooper.

*1817-1817: William Edward Phillips, Governor (2nd time); John MacAlister, member in council. Recorder of the Court of Judicature 1817 was Sir Ralph Rice.

*1817-1819: Colonel John Alexander Bannerman (b. 5 Jun 1759; d. of cholera 8 Aug 1819). Governor; John MacAlister member in Council. [http://books.google.com.my/books?id=xaIIAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=editions:0mPs_hWUGsw5l9lr#PPA140,M1 The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British India and Its Dependencies Published by Printed for Black, Parbury, & Allen, 1830; Item notes: new ser.:v.2:(year)1830:(month)May/Aug.] ]

*1819-1824: William Edward Phillips, Governor (3rd time) and Treasurer. Recorders of the Court of Judicature 1824 were Sir Francis Souper Bayley and Sir John Thomas Claridge.

*1824-1826: Robert Fullerton (born Edin., Scotland 1773; d. Lon. 1831), Governor of the Residency of Penang (Prince of Wales' Island & Province Wellesley) from 4th Feb 1824. Members in council 1825: William Clubley (acting 1823) John Prince.

*1825-1826: William Clubley - 1825 Resident Counsellor at Penang, Fourth in Council; d 13 Jul 1826 Penang. 1804 Writer; 1807 Asst in Secretary's Office; 1808 Asst Secretary; 1811 actg Secretary, actg Chaplain; 1811 Factor; 1814 Junior Merchant, Secretary; 1817 Senior Merchant; Secretary; 1817 Senior Merchant; 1823 actg Third in Council, actg Warehouse Keeper; 1824 Warehouse Keeper; 1825 also Collector of Customs; 1825 Second in Council.

EIC India|Presidency of the Straits Settlements at Penang|Governor & Resident Councillor

The Presidency of the Straits Settlements, also known as the Eastern Presidency, under the control of the Indian Government, was formed on August 1, 1826 by the amalgamation of the three Settlements of Singapore (including Christmas Island and the Cocos-Keeling group), Penang (including Province Wellesley), and Malacca, with the seat of Government at Penang.

*1826:1829: Robert Fullerton, Governor and Treasurer of the Presidency of the Straits Settlements of Penang, Singapore and Malacca with seat of Government at Penang. William Clubley (acting 1823) and John Prince members in Council in 1825. Kenneth Murchison and Walter Sewell Cracroft (provisional) members in Council in 1828.

*1826-1829: Robert Ibbetson, Resident Councillor at Prince of Wales Island in 1826, under Fullerton at Penang.

*1828-XXXX: John Pattullo, Deputy Resident at Penang. 1816 Writer, 1825 returns to Straits Settlements as Factor; 1826 actg Deputy Resident at Malacca; 1826 Junior Merchant; 1828 Deputy Resident at Penang, Collector of Excise, Registrar of Imports & Exports; 1829 Senior Merchant; 1829 also Suptd of Police and Commissioner of the Court of Requests.

"SETTLEMENTS TO THE EASTWARD - We understand that the commerce of the settlements to the eastward or Prince of Wales' Island, Singapore and Malacca has been taken into consideration by the Court of Directors, and that orders have been addressed accordingly to the several local authorities. The principle that these different ports should be placed on the same footing, in regard to duties, privileges, and immunities, has been fully recognised, and the intention of the instructions communicated has been, we learn, to assimilate them exactly in these respects. The principal object of these settlements being to promote the trade of Great Britain, and commerce flourishing most when least burdened, it has been determined to give the fullest efficacy to the facilities, which the several establishments offer, for contributing to the commercial prosperity of the empire, by throwing them equally open to mercantile resort. Such import and export duties, therefore, as have been hitherto levied at Prince of Wales' Island and Malacca, will be, we understand, forthwith suspended, and they are to be made free-ports like Singapore." - Col. Gov. Cox., Oct 2. Asiatic Journal Volume XXIII No. 137" [http://books.google.com.my/books?id=_qEIAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=editions:0mPs_hWUGsw5l9lr#PPA673,M1 The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British India and Its Dependencies Published by Printed for Black, Parbury, & Allen, 1827; Item notes: v.23:(year)1827] ]

EIC India|Presidency of the Straits Settlements at Singapore|Governor & Resident Councillor

Fullerton moved the seat of Government of the Eastern Presidency from Penang to Singapore and left the direct charge of the settlement of Penang (Prince of Wales' Island and Province Wellesley) in the hands of its Resident Councillor.

*1829-1830: Robert Fullerton, Governor and Treasurer of the Presidency of the Straits Settlements at Singapore.

*1829-1830: Robert Ibbetson, Resident Councillor at Penang in 1829, under Fullerton at Singapore. Ibbetson succeeded Fullerton, taking charge of direct governance of Penang, as the sole survivor of the officials appointed to the new Penang Presidency in 1805.

*1829-18XX: Patrick Ogilvy Carnegy - 1829 First Asst to the Resident Counsellor at Penang, Accountant, Commissioner of the Court of Requests. 1821 Writer; 1822 Asst to the Governor; 1823 Asst in the Secretary's Office; 1824 Deputy Accountant & Auditor, Accountant to the Court; 1825 Civil Storekeeper & Commissar of Supplies; 1826 Factor, actg Collector of Customs & Land Revenues, Deputy Accountant & Auditor, Accountant to the Court; 1827 actg Collector of Customs & Land Revenues; Sub-Treasurer; 1828 Deputy. Secretary.

EIC Bengal|Residency of the Straits Settlements at Singapore|Governor & Resident Councillor

The Presidency was abolished on 1 May 1830 and the Presidency of the Straits Settlements was downgraded to a single Residency, constituted by the three settlements, under direct control of the Presidency of Fort William in Bengal. There was a consequent large reduction in public personnel. By 1832 there were only nine appointed officials to administer the three Settlements of Penang, Malacca and Singapore. From this time onwards the surviving civil servants would each take on several different roles, so many roles left vacant due to retrenchment following the downgrading.

*1830-1830: Robert Fullerton, Governor and Treasurer of the Residency of the Straits Settlements of Singapore, Penang and Malacca, at Singapore. Fullerton continued to govern the Staits till Nov 12, 1830 when he handed over to Ibbetson.

*1830-1830: Robert Ibbetson, Resident Councillor at Penang under Fullerton at Singapore.

EIC Bengal|Residency of the Straits Settlements at Penang|Resident & Deputy-Residents

Office of Governor of the Straits Settlement retained but title changed to Resident. Resident Councillors replaced with Deputy-Residents.

*1830-1830: Robert Ibbetson, Governor and Treasurer of the Presidency of the Straits Settlements of Singapore, Penang and Malacca, at Penang.

*1830-1832: Robert Ibbetson, Governor and Treasurer of the Residency of the Straits Settlements of Singapore, Penang and Malacca, at Penang. Ibbetson took over charge of the whole of the Straits Settlements from Fullerton on Nov 12, 1830. [1831: Ibbetson signed the British Treaty with Rumbowe, 30th November 1831 as the Resident of Singapore, Prince of Wales' Island, Malacca and its dependencies. (See Newbold, 1839)] [1832: Robert Ibbetson, Governor of Penang, Malacca and Singapore.] [BOUNDARY TREATY WITH JOHORE,15TH JUNE, 1833.] [http://books.google.com.my/books?id=RMcNAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA459&lpg=PA459&dq=governor+%22robert+ibbetson+%22&source=web&ots=UGOXwyTsxn&sig=DInvRd9PLEO8Q6uVdKJbxh_0Nng&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=35&ct=result#PPA459,M1 political and statistical account of the british settlements in the straits of malacca By t.j. newbold Published by , 1839] ] He governed from Nov 12, 1830 to Dec 7, 1833. 1804 Writer; 1807 Asst in the Secretary's Office; 1808 Asst in the Collector's Office; 1810 Deputy Collector at Malacca; 1810 Collector; Paymaster, Commissary of Provisions, at Malacca; 1811 Factor, Paymaster and Storekeeper; 1814 Junior Merchant, Commissary for the Recovery of Small Debts; 1817 Senior Merchant, Sheriff; 1820 Paymaster and Storekeeper, Suptd of the Company's Law Suits; 1824 Secretary and actg Accountant; 1825 Provisional Member of Council (from 3 Feb); 1826 Fourth in Council, Resident Counsellor at Malacca; 1826 Resident Counsellor at Penang; 1827 Suptd at Lands, Collector of Quit Rents, Civil & Marine Warehouse Keeper; 1828 Second in Council.

EIC Bengal|Residency of the Straits Settlements at Singapore|Governor & Resident Councillor

Kenneth Murchison moved the seat of Government of the Residency of the Straits Settlements. Once again Singapore became the capital of the Straits Settlements. Roles and titles of Governor and Resident Councillor restored.

1833-1836: Kenneth Murchison, Governor of the Residency of the Straits Settlements at Singapore. Kenneth Murchison was appointed temporary resident councillor of Penang by Governor Fullerton when Mr. Ibbetson, the resident councillor of Penang, was absent on sick leave. He was at that time Resident councillor of Singapore. [http://books.google.com.my/books?id=_qIIAAAAQAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=editions:0mPs_hWUGsw5l9lr&lr=#PPA76,M1 The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British India and Its Dependencies Published by Printed for Black, Parbury, & Allen, 1832; Item notes: new ser.:v.7:(year)1832:(month)Jan./Apr.] ] In 1836, merchants in Singapore feared that the Directors of the Court of the (British East India) Company would tax the ports in the Straits Settlements (which were then free ports) and wrote to Kenneth Murchison, then Governor in Penang, asking for clarification. [Eastern Customs: The Customs Service in British Malaya and the Opium Trade By Derek Mackay Published by The Radcliffe Press, 2005; ISBN 1850438447, 9781850438441; p. 25] Kenneth Murchison was Governor from December 7, 1833 to November 18, 1836.

*1834-1836: James William Salmond (b. 16 Aug. 1807; d. Penang 12th March 1848) was Resident Councillor at Prince of Wales' Island, Singapore and Malacca, from 22 Sep 1834. [http://books.google.com.my/books/pdf/The_Bengal_directory_and_annual_register.pdf?id=O94NAAAAQAAJ&output=pdf&sig=ACfU3U3_Db0KeBszW-5t_2TLxP75MQ0yPw&source=gbs_summary_r&cad=0 The Bengal directory and annual register Published by Samuel Smith & Co., 1838] ] He began his career with the Straits Settlements as a writer in 1825. In 1826 he became Asst to the Accountant-General. In 1827 he was made Asst to the Accountant & Auditor. In 1828 he was Accountant-General to the Court. In 1829 he was Second Asst to the Resident Councillor at Penang, Sub-Treasurer, Commissioner of the Court of Requests, and Member of the Stationery Committee.

*1836-1843: Samuel George Bonham was Governor of the Residency of the Straits Settlements at Singapore. He went on to become the third Governor of Hong Kong. 1818 Writer; 1825 Factor, Straits Settlements; 1826 Asst Resident at Singapore; In 1827 he received from the Government at Penang, an appointment as assistant to the resident at Singapore. In 1828 he was Suptd at Lands, Police & Convicts at Singapore. Samuel George Bonham was Governor from November 18, 1836 to January 1843.

*1836-1837: James William Salmond, Resident Councillor at Prince of Wales' Island, Singapore and Malacca.

*1837-1839: William Mean Balhetchet (uncovenanted) was assistant to the Resident Councillor at Prince of Wales' Island, 25th January 1837. He was Sherriff in 1823. He was Foreman of the Grand Jury in Dec 1826 and Superintendent of Police before 1837. He resigned his position as assistant resident councillor in 1839 citing the smallness of his salary being the cause of it. He was replaced by Lieutenant Hay Ferrier of the 48th regiment. [http://books.google.com.my/books?id=gEMFAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA58&lpg=PA58&dq=Balhetchet+%2Bpenang&source=web&ots=JZw5VzogA3&sig=Rbe1BJ-ENXyxcyehbtF21NamNOQ&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=18&ct=result#PPA535,M1 Parbury's oriental herald and colonial intelligencer Published by , 1839] ]

*1838: Captain James Low was appointed to be acting resident councillor at Prince of Wales' Isle on December on 1838 during Mr Salmond's absence on leave to Calcutta.The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British and Foreign India, China, and Australia Published by Parbury, Allen, and Co., 1838; Item notes: n.s. 25 (Jan-Apr 1838); p. 264]

*1839: Lieutenant Hay Ferrier is appointed to assistant under the Governor of the Eastern Settlements to replace William Balhetchet who resigned. He would later be Captain Hay Ferrier, the resident councillor of Malacca. [ [http://books.google.com.my/books?id=grcOAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA642&dq=%22Hay+Ferrier%22+%2Bpenang ALLEN'S INDIAN MAIL Published by , 1854] ]

*1843-1851: William John Butterworth was Governor of the Residency of the Straits Settlements at Singapore from August 1843.

*1849-1851: Edmund Augustus Blundell was Resident Councillor of Prince of Wales Isle / Penang from 1849. 1820 Writer; 1822 Asst to the Collector; 1824 Deputy Collector; 1825 also Paymaster in the Military Dept; 1826 Factor, Asst to Commissioner for Mergui and Tavoy. He was Commissioners of Tenasserim (1833-1843), Resident Councillor of Malacca (1847-1849), Resident Councillor of Penang from 1849.

EIC India|Residency of the Straits Settlements at Singapore|Governor & Resident Councillor

In 1851 the Straits Settlements, while still remaining a Residency, was transferred from the authority of the Governor of the Presidency of Bengal and put under direct control of the Governor-general of India. The powers previously invested in the Governor of Bengal were now vested in the Governor of the Straits Settlements.

*1851-1855: William John Butterworth was Governor of the Residency of the Straits Settlements at Singapore until March 21, 1855.

*1851-1855: Edmund Augustus Blundell was Resident Councillor of Prince of Wales Isle / Penang until 1855.

*1855-1858: Edmund Augustus Blundell was Governor of the Residency of the Straits Settlements at Singapore from March 21, 1855.

India Office|Residency of the Straits Settlements at Singapore|Governor & Resident Councillor

In 1858 the British East India Company was abolished and the Straits Settlements automatically fell under the direct control of the India Office which replaced the Company.

*1858-1859 Edmund Augustus Blundell was Governor of the Residency of the Straits Settlements at Singapore until August 6, 1859.

*18XX-1860: William Thomas Lewis, Asst. Resident Councillor of Prince of Wales' Isle was transferred to Resident Councillor of Malacca in 1854 upon the demise of Captain Hay Ferrier. He would later become Penang's commissioner of police and its Resident Councillor. On December 6 1838, he was appointed to officiate as resident councillor at Malacca during the absence on leave of Mr. Garling. W. T. Lewis retired as Resident Councillor of Penang in September 1860. He had transferred to the Straits Settlements in 1825 and had served the Government of the Straits Settlements for about 54 years. [The Western Malay States, 1850-1873: the effects of commercial development on Malay politics By Kay Kim Khoo Published by Oxford University Press, 1972; p. 90, 91, 113] He was Siamese Consul at Penang during Ord's Governorship. [Journal of the Malayan Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society By Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland Malayan Branch Published by The Branch, 1923; Item notes: v.56-58 1983-1985; p. 119] In 1856 he was Resident Councillor and Acting Governor of Penang. [The Complete Journal of Townsend Harris: First American Consul and Minister to Japan By Townsend Harris, Japan Society (New York, N.Y.), Mario Emilio Cosenza Published by Published for Japan Society, New York, by Doubleday, Doran & Company, Inc., 1930; p. 48, 75] [The British in West Sumatra (1685-1825).: A Selection of Documents, Mainly from the East India Company Records Preserved in the India Office Library, Commonwealth Relations Office, London By John Sturgus Bastin, John Bastin, India Office Library, East India Company Compiled by John Sturgus Bastin Published by University of Malaya Press, 1965; p. 178] [JMBRAS XXXIII L. A. Mills]

*1859-1867 Major General Sir William Orfeur Cavenagh was Governor of the Residency of the Straits Settlements at Singapore from August 6, 1859 until March 16, 1867.

*1860-1867: Major General Henry Stuart Man was Resident Councillor of Penang (1860-1867). Major General Henry Man was born in 1815 and became known in 1834 as an ensign in the 49th Madras Native Infantry. He was the captain in 1848, serving in the second Anglo-Burmese was 1852-1853 later becoming executive engineer and superintendent of convicts at Mulmein, Burma. In 1858, he was the officer-in-charge of the detachment that secured the British landing at Port Blair and formally annexed the islands to the British Crown. In 1860, Lieutenant-Colonel Man, as he then was, was appointed Resident Councillor of Penang and served in that capacity until 1867. In 1868, Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Man returned to Port Blair as its fifth Superintendent while at the same time taking over the responsibility for the newly annexed Nicobar islands. The following year, his son, E.H. Man, joined him at Port Blair and the old Man relinquished his official position and was promoted to colonel. He was promoted to Major-General in 1881. He died at Surbiton, England, on 10th April 1898 was buried at Thames Ditton, Surrey.

*1859-1865: George Samuel Windsor Earl, Asst. Resident Councillor of Penang. In 1859 George Samuel Windsor Earl was Assistant Resident Councillor and exchanged offices with Mr. William at Province Wellesley. He then acted for Mr. Braddell in Penang and returned to Province Wellesley in 1860, and was Resident Councillor at Province Wellesley until 1865,when he died, two days after leaving Penang on his way home.

CO Lon.|Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Singapore|Governor & Resident Councillor

On 1 April 1867 the Straits Settlements were transferred from the control of the Indian Government to that of the Secretary of State for the Colonies in London (Colonial Office).

*1867-1873 Major General Sir Harry St. George Ord was Governor of the Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Singapore from March 16, 1867 to November 4, 1873.

*1867-1871: Major General Archibald Edward Harbord Anson, Lieutenant-Governor of Penang under Governor-general Sir Harry St. George Ord at Singapore.

*1871-1872: Arthur Nonus Birch, Actg. Lieutenant-Governor of Penang,Malaysia (1871-1872)

*1872-1873: Sir George William Robert Campbell, KCMG, Inspector-General from 1866-1891 and Acting Lieutenant-Governor Of Penang from (1872-1873)

*1873-1875 Sir Andrew Clarke was Governor of the Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Singapore from November 4, 1873 to May 8, 1875.

*1873-1875: Major General Archibald Edward Harbord Anson, Lieutenant-Governor of Penang under Governor-general Sir Andrew Clarke at Singapore.

*1875-1877 Sir William Jervois was Governor of the Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Singapore from May 8, 1875 to April 3, 1877.

*1875-1877: Major General Archibald Edward Harbord Anson, Lieutenant-Governor of Penang under Governor-general Sir William Jervois at Singapore.

*1877-1877: Major General Archibald Edward Harbord Anson was Acting Governor of the Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Penang from April 3, 1877 to August 1877.

*1877-1879: Sir William Cleaver Francis Robinson was Governor of the Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Singapore from August 1877 to February 10, 1879.

*1877-1879: Major General Archibald Edward Harbord Anson, Lieutenant-Governor of Penang under Sir William Cleaver Francis Robinson at Singapore.

*1879-1880: Major General Archibald Edward Harbord Anson was Acting Governor of the Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Penang from February 10, 1879 to May 16, 1880.

*1879-1880: Charles John Irving, Actg.Lieutenant-Governor of Penang (1879-1880)& Resident Councillor of Penang (1885-1887). He was Auditor General to the government of Penang under Anson. He was born in 1831 at Isabelle place in Camberwell, London.He been took up some appointments at Mauritius.

*1880-1887: Sir Frederick Weld was Governor of the Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Singapore from May 16, 1880 to October 17, 1887.

*1880-1881: Major General Archibald Edward Harbord Anson, Lieutenant-Governor of Penang under Sir Frederick Weld at Singapore. Born 16 April 1826. His military experience began in 1844. He served in England, Ireland and Scotland from 1847-1855, Mauritius, 1857-1862 and Madagascar 1862-1865. He then returned to England and was appointed last Lieutenant Governor of Penang from 1867 to 1882, after serving in the army in India. In his memoirs "About Others and Myself." he describes the feeling of depression upon his appointment as Penang's Resident Councillor. [ANSON, ARCHIBALD EDWARD HARBORD About Others and Myself, London, John Murray. 1920] He retired in 1881. It was during his appointment that the Penang Riots occurred. The riots ended when he negotiated a peace agreement between the contending parties; Red Flag and Tua Pek Kong members against the White Flag and the Ghee Hin. He was an Actg. Governor of Straits Settlements from (Mar 4.1871-Mar.22 1872/Nov 3.-4 1873/April 3. 1877-Oct 29. 1877/Feb 10.1879 - May 6. 1880). Anson died in 1925.

*1881-1884: Major John Frederick Adolphus McNair, Actg.Lieutenant-Governor of Penang (1881-1884)& Resident Councillor of Penang (1884)only. He was born at Bath in 1828. Entered Madras Royal Artillery in 1845. In 1857, A.D.C. to Governor Blundell in Singapore. From 1865-1867 he was in England as deputy governor in charge of public works at Woking Prison. He retired in 1884. He died in 1910.

*1884-1884: Captain David Thompson Hatchell, Acting Lieutenant-Governor of Penang. He was born 1840. He became Commissioner of the court request in Ayer Itam,Penang in 1876.

*1884-1885: Major Samuel Dunlop, Actg. Resident Councillor of Penang (1884-1885). D.G.M of Freemasons' Hall in 1885,Singapore.

*1887-1893: Sir Cecil Clementi Smith was Governor of the Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Singapore from October 17, 1887 to August 30, 1893.

*1887-1897: Allan Maclean Skinner, Resident Councillor of Penang (1887-1897). Inspector General of Schools, Hospitals and Prisons under Anson. 1881 - Colonial treasurer and Auditor-General Skinner was the first Resident Councillor who took resididence at the official residence called Residency (now Seri Mutiara) in 1890. He was the President of George Town Municipal Council.

*1887-1889: Sir William Edward Maxwell, Actg.Resident Councillor of Penang from(1887-1889). Actg. He was Lieutenant-Governor of Malacca in 1870.

*1893-1894: William Edward Maxwell was Acting Governor of the Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Singapore August 30, 1893 to February 1, 1894.

*1891-1895: Henry Trotter, Actg. Resident Councillor of Penang (24 Oct.1891-31 Oct.1892/16 Sept.1894-7 Dec.1895). Born 1837 in Cape Colony, South Africa. Became an private secretary to the Governor of Dominica in 1852.In 1859,he received a clerkship in the office of Commander-in-chief (Duke of Cambridge) at the House Guards. Appointed as Deputy Comptroller of the Convict Establishment in Bermuda. Transferred to Ceylon as Inspector of Post Offices and later became Postmaster General. In 1871, appointed as Postmaster General of Straits Settlements.He became Auditor-General Of Straits Settlements in 1882.

*1894-1895: Francis James Anderson, Actg.Resident Councillor of Penang

*1894-1899: Sir Charles Mitchell was Governor of the Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Singapore from February 1, 1894 to December 7, 1899

*1899-1901: James Alexander Swettenham was Acting Governor of the Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Singapore from December 7, 1899 to November 5, 1901

*1897-1903: Charles Walter Sneyd-Kynnersley, Resident Councillor of Penang 5 May - 23 Dec. 1897 / 8 April 1900 - 24 Feb.1901-1903). Acting Resident Councillor of Penang from (25 April 1889- 9 March 1890/4 Feb.- 23 March 1897). Acting Resident Councillor of Malacca from ( 7 Dec.1893 - 1 January 1895 / 31 Dec.1898 - 10 March 1899).Resident Councillor of Malacca from (1 Jan.- 16 April 1895 / 6 Feb.1896 - 4 Feb.1897). He was born on September 25, 1849. His first appointment was as a Cadet in April 1872 by the Secretary of State and was sent to the Colony the very next month. In October 1873, he passed Final Examination in Malay and was attached to the Lieutenant-Governor�s Office, Penang as Secretary Assistant. In 1875, he worked as the Assistant Magistrate and Commissioner Court of Request in Province Wellesley. He also served as the Secretary for Committee of Management of Penang Free School. He served as Third Magistrate in Singapore in 1880 and as Second Magistrate, the following year, before returning to Penang in the same year as First Magistrate. From 1890 to 1896, he held various posts including First Magistrate, Singapore.He married to Ada Maud Nash.He died in 1940.

*1901-1904: Sir Frank Swettenham was Governor of the Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Singapore from November 5, 1901 to April 16, 1904.

*1905-1906: James Kortright Birch, Actg.Resident Councillor of Penang from (3 March 1897 - Aug.1898 / April 1901 - Nov.1902- ?/1903-1905) & Resident Councillor of Penang from(1905-1906). He was born on August 12, 1850. In 1872, he was appointed by the Secretary of State and was sent to the Colony to be attached to the Colonial Secretary's office. He passed Final Examination in Malay in 1873. In 1874, he was the Acting Deputy Collector of Land Revenue, Penang and the Magistrate and Coroner for the Settlement. In 1875, he was the Collector of Land Revenue, Penang. After home leave in 1876-77, he appointment as Acting Magistrate took him to work in Malacca and Singapore until 1882 when he returned to Penang to work as Acting Superintendent of Education in Province Wellesley. In 1888, he was appointed as Senior District Officer, Province Wellesley before becoming First Magistrate of Penang in 1890.

*1904-1911: Sir John Anderson was Governor of the Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Singapore from April 16, 1904 to September 2, 1911.

*1907-1908: Robert Norman Bland, Resident Councillor of Penang from 17 Feb.1907- 14 March 1908 and 7 May 1908-1910). Acting Resident Councillor in Malacca (22 April- 10 Sept. 1900 and 26 Nov.1901 - 13 June 1903 and 15 Oct.1903- 1 Jan.1905). Resident Councillor of Malacca (1 Jan.1905- 13.March.1906). Acting Resident Councillor of Penang (22 Nov.1906 - 17 Feb. 1907). Born on October 10, 1859. Arrived in the Colony February 1883 and was attached to the Colonial Secretary's Office as Cadet learning Chinese. In April of the same year, he was posted to Land Office, Malacca as a Cadet learning Malay and passed Final Examination in Malay in 1884. After a home leave in 1886, he was appointed Assistant to Resident Councillor, Penang before becoming District Officer of Balik Pulau in 1887 and District Officer, Nibong Tebal in the following year. He was Acting First Magistrate Penang before taking his second home in 1889. His next appointment after his home leave took him away from Penang to serve as Collector of Land Revenue, Singapore in 1890. Appointed Acting Officer in Charge, Negeri Sembilan from 1893-95. He was transferred to Singapore in 1896 to resume his duties as Collector of Land Revenue before returning to Penang in 1897 to work as Inspector of Prison, Straits Settlement as well as Senior District Officer, Province Wellesley. He became Acting Resident Councillor of Malacca (22 April - 10 Sept.1900). He became Resident Councillor of Malacca from (26 Nov.1901)

*1910-1911: James Oliver Anthonisz, Actg. Resident Councillor of Penang ( 29 April 1910 - 18 Jan. 1911).

*1911-1912: Sir Arthur Young was Governor of the Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Singapore from September 2, 1911 to February 17, 1920.

*1911-1912: William Evans, Resident Councillor of Penang from (21 Jan.1911-11 May 1912 and 29 Jan.1913- 13 Feb.1914). Acting Resident Councillor in Malacca from (15 March 1906-17 Feb.1907). Resident Councillor of Malacca (17 Feb.-4 Sept.1907/25 Feb. - 14 March 1908/8-29 May 1908/3 July 1908- 15 Feb.1909/29 May 1909-8 Feb.1910). Acting Resident Councillor of Penang (14 March - 8 May 1908). William Evans was born on September 5, 1860. He first came to the Colony in 1882 and was attached to the Chinese Protectorate Service, Singapore. In 1884, he was sent to Amoy to study Chinese (Hok-kien) and passed its Final Examination in 1885. He also passed Final Examination in Malay in 1888. From 1887 onwards, he continued to serve in Penang and Singapore as the Protector of Chinese in the Straits Settlement until 1902 while holding other post such as Municipal Commissioner for Singapore in 1896. [ [http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/nra/searches/subjectView.asp?ID=P37241 Evans, William (b 1860) Resident Councillor, Penang] ]

*1914-1917: Alfred Thomas Bryant, Resident Councillor of Penang (1914-1917). Born on October 4, 1860. First came to Colony in 1883 and was attached to the Colonial Secretary's Office for two years. After passing his Final Examination in Malay in 1885, he was appointed Acting Third Magistrate, Penang in 1886 and as Acting Collector of Land Revenue, Penang a few months later. In 1890, he was promoted to District Officer of Dindings. After his home leave, he passed Final Examination in Tamil in 1892 and was transferred to Malacca as Acting Collector of Land Revenue and Officer in Charge of Treasury. In 1895, he was in Penang again as Acting First Magistrate, a position he held until he became First Magistrate in 1898, while becoming the Inspector of Schools, Straits Settlements since 1897.

*1917-1919: Walter Cecil Michell, Resident Councillor of Penang from (7 Oct. 1917-1919). Acting Resident Councillor of Penang from (18 May 1912-29 Jan.1913) and Acting Resident of Malacca from (11 June 1914-24 Dec.1915). Born in Kensington, London on August 9, 1864. First came to the Colony in 1887 and was attached to the Colonial Secretary's Office until 1888 when he was posted to Sungai Ujong, Negeri Sembilan as Acting Collector of Land Revenue. He passed his Malay Examination in 1889. From 1889 until 1890, he was in Ulu Pahang as Acting Superintendent before arriving in Penang in April 1890 to serve as Acting District Officer, Balik Pulau, but soon to be promoted as District Officer of the district in 1891. In 1895, after home leave, he was transferred to Dindings as Acting District Officer but soon afterwards as its District Officer while holding other duties as Deputy Registrar, Supreme Court, Penang. He was in Singapore from 1897-98 as Acting Second Assistant Colonial Secretary and as Acting Collector of Land revenue. He also passed Final Examination in Siamese in 1898, the year he was Acting Senior District Officer, Province Wellesley. In 1990, he was appointed Second Magistrate, Singapore and Official Assignee in 1901 before becoming Acting Commissioner, Court of Request Singapore in 1902. W.C. Michell loved polo, riding, shooting and member of various clubs in Penang.

*1919-1922: Gilbert Amos Hall, Resident Councillor of Penang from 20 Oct.1919-27 Feb.1920 and 31 Jan.1921-1922). Acting Resident Councillor of Penang from (24 July-20 Oct.1919). Born on July 21, 1867. He went to work for the Straits Settlements Civil Service, Singapore in 1888. In 1891, he passed Final Examination in Malay and was promoted to the Acting Third Magistrate, Penang the same year. In 1894, he was appointed as Acting District Officer, Dindings. A few months later, he passed Final Examination in Hok-kien and was appointed Superintendent of Education, Penang. He worked as Acting District Officer, Alor Gajah, Malacca, after returning from home leave in June 1895 until November 1896. In 1897, he was back in Penang to serve as Acting Second Magistrate and later as Sheriff and Deputy Registrar of the Supreme Court, Singapore, while continued to act as Second Magistrate, Penang. In 1898, he served two positions as Second Assistant Colonial Secretary and Collector of Land Revenue, Penang. He was transferred to Malacca at the end of 1900 after his home leave as Acting Collector of Land Revenue and Officer in Charge of Treasury. In 1902, he worked as Collector of Land Revenue, Malacca. He was the British Adviser of Kedah (1916-1919). He still lived in Singapore in 1937.

*1920-1927: Sir Laurence Guillemard was Governor of the Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Singapore from February 17, 1920 June 3, 1927.

*1920: Harold William Firmstone, Acting Resident Councillor of Malacca,Malaysia (4 Sept.1907-6 Sept. 1907/14 Mar.1908-8 May 1908/29 May 1908-3 July 1908). Acting Resident Councillor of Penang from 28 Feb.1920.

*1922-1925: Arthur Blennerhassett Voules, Resident Councillor of Penang 9 Dec. 1922-1925). Acting Resident Councillor of Penang 17 Nov. 1922 - 9 Dec. 1922. Born London September 15, 1870. Joined Perak government Service in 1892. Acting Federal Inspector of Schools at Kuala Lumpur in 1900. Captain of the Royal Selangor Golf Club in 1905. Solicitor-General, Straits Settlements in 1913. Acting Attorney General of Straits Settlements in 1919. Acting Judicial Commissioner of Federated Malay States in 1919. Acting Legal Adviser of Federated Malay States and legal advisor (Officer, Class 1A), both in 1920. President of Selangor Golf Club in 1920. He retired in 1925. He died in 1954. Compiled a book called The Laws of the Federated Malay States, 1877-1920.

*1924: Stewart Codrington, Acting Resident Councillor of Penang 11 May - 8 Oct.1924. Codrington Avenue is named after him.

*1925-1926: William Peel, Resident Councillor of Penang from 9 July 1925- 9 May 1926. Born in Hexham, Northumberland on February 27, 1875. Joined the Colonial Service in 1897 as Cadet. Promoted to Acting District Officer of Nibong Tebal in 1898 and Bukit Mertajam in 1899 and Province Wellesley until 1901. Acting Second Colonial Secretary, Singapore in 1902. Returned to Penang in 1905 to serve as Acting Second Magistrate and Coroner. After serving as Acting Auditor in 1908 in Penang, he continued his service at various capacities in the Federated Malay States such as Acting Secretary to the Resident of Selangor in 1909 and Acting District Officer Lower Perak in 1910 before returning to Penang as President of the Municipal Commissioners Penang in 1911. Acting Resident Councillor of Penang from (26 Feb. - 5 Oct.1917). Later he became president of the municipal commissioners of Singapore in 1918. In 1919 he was appointed as joint passage controller of labour for the Federated Malay States and Straits Settlements in 1920; and chairman of European Unemployment Committee in 1921. In 1922 he became British Adviser for Government of Kedah. He became Acting Resident Councillor of Penang from (10 May - 9 July 1925). In 1927,he acted as officer administering the government and High Commissioner for the Malay States,having been promoted to be Chief Secretary to Government in 1926.He was appointed Governor of Hong Kong in 1930. He retired in 1935. Peel Avenue is named after him.

*1926-1928: Ralph Scott, Resident Councillor of Penang (9 June 1926-1928). Born February 26, 1874. First appointed as Cadet by the Secretary of State in 1895. In 1896, attached to the Colonial Secretary's Office. From 1897 until 1912, served various appointments in the Straits Settlements: Land Office in Malacca, Acting Deputy Registrar at Penang Supreme Court and Acting Collector of Land Revenue, Singapore. In 1912, promoted to Acting District Judge, Singapore and as Acting District Judge and First Magistrate of Penang in 1915. Acting Resident of Malacca (14 Feb.1909-25 July 1910)/ Actg.Resident of Malacca from(15 March 1920-6 Jan 1921)/Actg.Resident Councillor of Penang from(10 Sept - 17 Nov.1922)/Actg.Resident Councillor of Penang from( May 1926)/Resident Councillor of Malacca from(14 April 1925-May 1926). Scott Road was named after him.

*1927-1930: Sir Hugh Clifford was Governor of the Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Singapore from June 3, 1927 to February 5, 1930.

*1928-1930: Captain Meadows Frost, Resident Councillor of Penang (8 July 1928-1930). Resident Councillor of Malacca (9 June 1926-25 Mar.1927). Acting Resident Councillor of Penang (8 April 1928-8 July 1928). Born on April 18, 1875. First joined the Colonial Service in 1898 as a cadet and promoted to Assistant District Officer of Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan in 1901 and Acting District Officer of Kuala Lipis, Pahang in 1902. Moved to Pekan, Pahang in 1904 also to serve as Assistant District Officer. In 1905, promoted to District Treasurer of Seremban, Negeri Sembilan. His next appointment took him to the Northern part of the Malay Peninsula where he was to act as British Consul to the Siamese Southern States in 1905 and as Acting British Adviser to His Royal Highness Raja of Perlis from 1909-1911. Acting British Adviser of Kedah in 1911. Acting Superintendent, Convict Establishment.

*1930-1934: Sir Cecil Clementi was Governor of the Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Singapore from February 5, 1930 to November 9, 1934.

*1930-1931: Edward Wilmot Francis Gilman, Resident Councillor of Penang (17 April 1930 - 15 Aug. 1931). Acting Resident Councillor of Penang ( 17 Jan. - 17 April 1930). Born 1876. Appointed as a Cadet in the Straits Settlements in 1899. Acting Fourth Magistrate of Singapore in 1901. In 1902, passed examination in Tamil and was transferred to Penang as Acting Assistant of Indian Immigration. In 1910, served as Acting District Officer of Kuala Lipis, Pahang for a year before reassigned as Deputy Superintendent of Immigrants Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States in 1911. Secretary Indian immigration Committee in 1912 and Deputy Controller of Labour in same year. Federal Examiner in Tamil in 1913 and served as Immigration Officer in Madras for the Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States. In 1915, he was the Officiating Deputy Controller of Labour, Penang, and Assistant Censor in 1916. Retired in 15 Aug 1931.

*1931-1933: Percy Tothill Allen was Resident Councillor of Penang from 16 Aug. 1931 - 1933. Acting Resident Councillor of Penang from (2 May 1931-16 Aug.1931). Born October 14, 1878. Appointed as a Cadet by the Secretary of State in 1902 and was later promoted to acting Second Assistant in the Chinese Protectorate at Penang in 1905. Served as District Officer of Matang, Perak in 1906. Acting District Officer of Christmas Island, Australia in 1907 then District Officer till 1909. In 1909, returned to Penang to hold the Acting Assistant Protector of Chinese and Superintendent of Prisons. Served a few months as Acting Second Assistant for District Officer in Tapah, Perak in 1909 before being appointed Secretary to the Resident of Negeri Sembilan in the same year. Acting Magistrate of Seremban, Negeri Sembilan until 1912. Returned to Penang to hold post of Acting Assistant, Protector of Chinese in 1913 and in Singapore in 1917.

*1933-1941: Arthur Mitchell Goodman was Resident Councillor of Penang (1933-1941). Born December 15, 1886. Joined the Malayan Civil Service in 1909 as a Cadet. Acting Assistant Protector of Chinese, Perak in 1912. Assistant Controller of Labour, Perak in 1915. Acting Magistrate in Ipoh in 1916. Acting Assistant Protector of Chinese, Penang in 1917. Acting Secretary for Chinese Affairs of the Federated Malay States 1921. Secretary Chinese Affairs SS 1927. Member Penang Harbour Board. Member Executive and Legislative Councils SS. Acting Resident Councillor of Penang (21 April 1933 - 14 October 1933). Resident Councillor of Penang (14 October 1933 - 24 November 1934). On leave from (24 November 1934 - 29 August 1935). Resumed duty from (29 August 1935 - 8 December 1937). Resumed duty on 6 July 1938.

*1934-1942: Sir Shenton Thomas was Governor of the Crown Colony of the Straits Settlements at Singapore from November 9, 1934 to February 15, 1942

*1934: James Startin Wills Arthur was Acting Resident Councillor for Penang in 1934. Born in Powick, Worcester 9 March 1881. District Officer of Christmas Island, Australia (1911-1912), Assistant Adviser Kedah 1916-1921, Deputy President Municipal Commissioners Penang 1923, District Judge Malacca 1924, MCS Assistant Treasurer in Penang. Director-General of Posts and Telegraphs, Malaya 1934. Acting Resident Councillor for Malacca (Feb. 20, 1934) and Penang (Nov. 24, 1934). Retired Aug. 29, 1935.

*1937-1938: George Alexander de Chazal de Moubray, Actg. Resident Councillor of Penang, from 8 December 1937 to 6 July 1938. Born 1888. Director of Land Office of Terengganu (1926-1929). DO Kinta and Member of Perak State Council 1934. Acting British Adviser, Kelantan 1938. British Adviser of Terengganu (1940-1941). Police Magistrate, Straits Settlements. He was taken as prisoner of war in Changi, Singapore during Japanese Occupation. Changi and Sime Rd internee.

*1940-1941: Leslie Forbes (b. 1889) was Acting Resident Councillor of Penang from 1940-1941. He was an internee at Changi and Sime Rd. He was a member of the British Military Administration till 1973.

Japanese Occupation During World War II

*1942-1943: Lt-Gen.Shotaro Katayama Governor of Penang from(1942-1943)
*1943-1944: Maj-Gen.Masakich i Itami Governor of Penang from(1943-1944)
*1944: Lt-Gen.Shinohara Seiichiro Governor of Penang from(1944-1944)
*1944: S.Ikagawa Deputy Governor of Penang from (1944) only.
*1944-1945: Lt-Gen.Shinohara Seiichiro was Governor of Penang from 1944 to 1945

British Military Administration

*1945-1945: Peter Dicken Cracroft (b. 1907; d. 2003) assumed command as Military Governor of Penang on 24 Sept 1945 under Lord Louis Mountbatten of the British High Command at Singapore (September 12, 1945. He retired 1958 and died in 2003.

*1945-1946: Thomas John Norman Hilken (b. 1901 - d. 1969)

CO Lon.|Crown Colony of Penang|Governor & Resident Councillor

*1946-1948: Sydney Noel King (b. 6th June 1897) was Resident Commissioner of Penang from 1946 to 1948. He was born on June 6th, 1897. He was a Cadet in the Straits Settlements in March 1920. He was attached to Land Office, Penang in May 1920. He served as Acting District officer in Bukit Mertajam in 1923. In March 1932 he worked as Acting First Magistrate, Johor Bahru, before being appointed Deputy Public Prosecutor, Johor, in the same year. He was District Officer of Christmas Island, Australia from 1925 to 1926. He was appointed Acting Under Secretary of the Straits Settlements in April 1936 and as Acting Legal Adviser of Kedah in June 1937. He was an internee at Changi and Sime Rd. He was a member of the British Military Administration till 1973.

*1948-1951: Arthur Vincent Aston (b. Chester 1896) was a Resident Commissioner of Penang from 1948 to 1951. He was an internee at Changi and Sime Rd.

*1948: George Evan Cameron Wisdom was Acting Resident Commissioner of Penang in 1948. He was Resident Commissioner of Malacca from 1951 to 1954.

*1951-1957: Robert Porter Bingham was Resident Commissioner of Penang from 1951 to 1957. He was an Acting Resident Commissioner of Penang in 1950.

*1952: Norman Ward was Acting Resident Commissioner of Penang in 1952.

*1954: John Sjovald Hoseason Cunyngham-Brown (d. April Penang 1989) was Acting Resident Commissioner of Penang from 25th June-17th July 1954. He retired in 1957 and died, in Georgetown, Penang, in 1989.

*1954-1955: David Gray (b.1906), Acting Resident Commissioner of Penang, from 30th December 1954 to 3rd August 1955. He had been Assistant Protector of Chinese, Singapore Police Magistrate, Chinese Secretariat in 1934. He was an internee at Changi and Sime Rd internee. Upon returning to Malaya in 1947, he was assigned to the Dept of Labour, Federation of Malaya. He was appointed to Secretary of Chinese Affairs, Federation of Malaya in 1951. In 1952 he was appointed Acting Chief Secretary of the Federation of Malaya. He was Acting Resident Commissioner, Penang, from 1954 to 1955. He then moved on to become Acting Chief Secretary for the Federation of Malaya and Officer Administering the Government of the Federation of Malaya from 1955 to 1956.

KL|Penang|Governor/Chief Minister

*1957-1967: August 31st 1957 Malaysia is declared independent from Britain. Raja Tun Uda Al-Haj Bin Raja Muhammad becomes first Governor of Penang under the newly independent Malaysia, August 31 1957 - August 30 1967. 1910 Joined the Government Service. 1914 Was recruited by the Malay Administrative Service (M.A.S.). 1924 Promoted to Class V, Malayan Civil Service (M.C.S.). 1939 Appointed as Secretary to British Resident, Selangor. 1947 Awarded C.B.E. Feb 1948 Promoted to Class 1A. Feb 1st 1948 Appointed State Secretary, Selangor on inauguration of Federation of Malaya Agreement. July 1 1949 Became the Menteri Besar (Chief Minister) of Selangor. 1951 Awarded C.M.G. 1953 Awarded theHonorary Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (K.B.E.). July 1953 Appointed High Commissioner for Malaya in United Kingdom. November 1954 Reappointed as Menteri Besar, Selangor. August 24 1955 Appointed Speaker of Federal Council.

*1967-1969: Tun Tan Sri Syed Sheh bin Syed Abdullah Shahabudin, Governor of Penang from 1967 to 1969.

*1969-1975: Tun Tan Sri Syed Sheh Al-Haj bin Syed Hassan Barakbah, Governor of Penang from February 1969 - February 1975. April 1946 Special Magistrate. 1948 President, Kedah Sessions Court in the Colonial Legal Service. October 1955 - June 1958 Judge, Seremban Court. 1962 Judge, Court of Appeal. 1963 Appointed Chief Judge of Malaya. June 1st 1966 - October 10th 1968 Appointed the First Lord President of Malaysia. Government Admistrative Officer, Penang. 1968 Appoined Senator. January 27 1969 Appoined Yang di-Pertua Dewan Negara. February 1969 - February 1975 Appointed 3rd Governor of Penang by His Majesty the Yang DiPertuan Agong. He served two terms. October 8 1975 Tun Syed Sheh passed away in Alor Star, Kedah.

*1975-1981: Tun Tan Sri Dato' Seri Dato' Haji Sardon bin Haji Jubir was Governor of Penang from 5th Feb 1975.

*1981-1989: Tun Datuk Dr. Haji Awang bin Hassan was Governor of Penang from May 1st 1981.

*1989-: Tun Tan Sri Datuk (Dr.) Haji Hamdan bin Sheikh Tahir was Governor of Penang from May 1 1989.

*2001-Present: Tun Dato' Seri Haji Abdul Rahman bin Haji Abbas was Governor of Penang from May 1st 2001.

ee also

* [http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/A2A/records.aspx?cat=059-iorg_4&cid=-1&Gsm=2008-06-18 Factory Records: Straits Settlements IOR/G/34 1786 - 1830] [India Office Records, 1600-1948, British Library, Asia, Pacific and Africa Collections]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Penang State Legislative Assembly — Dewan Undangan Negeri Pulau Pinang Type Type Unicameral Leadership Speaker Abdul Halim Hussain, Pakatan Rakyat PKR …   Wikipedia

  • Penang Hill — Infobox Mountain Name = Penang Hill Bukit Bendera Photo = view from penang hill.jpg Caption = View from the top of Penang Hill. Elevation = 735 metres (2,450 ft) Location = Peninsular Malaysia Range = Prominence = Coordinates = Topographic Type …   Wikipedia

  • Penang — Subdivisions of Malaysia native name= Pulau Pinang conventional long name=Penang state motto= Bersatu dan Setia ( United and Loyal ) (adopted 1950; formerly Ich Dien ( I Serve ) and Penang Leads ) state anthem= Untuk Negeri Kita ( For Our State ) …   Wikipedia

  • Penang Po Leung Kuk — In 1878, a group of local Chinese in Hong Kong presented a petition to the Governor of Hong Kong, John Pope Hennessy to set up the Po Leung Kuk to rescue the kidnapped victims. The main objective of Po Leung Kuk is to care for the young and… …   Wikipedia

  • Governor — For other uses, see governor (disambiguation). A governor (from French gouverneur) is a governing official, usually the executive (at least nominally, to different degrees also politically and administratively) of a non sovereign level of… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Penang — The history of Penang is closely related to the history of Kedah. Penang was previously part of the sultanate of Kedah until it became a British possession in 1786. It later gained independence as part of the Federation of Malaya in 1957.Early… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Fullerton (governor) — Robert Fullerton, was born in 1773 in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was the son of Rev. William Fullerton.CareerRobert Fullerton (born Edin., Scotland 1773; d. Lon. 1831) was a Governor of Penang and also the first Governor of Straits Settlements,… …   Wikipedia

  • Suffolk House, Penang — In Penang, Malaysia, the Suffolk House refers to two early residences located four miles west of George Town, Penang, on the banks of the Air Itam River. The earliest of the two buildings is notable for serving as the residence of Francis Light,… …   Wikipedia

  • The Residency, Penang — The Residency in George Town, Penang, now formally named Seri Mutiara , is the official residence of the Yang di Pertua Negeri (Governor) of Penang.Situated in 26 acres of gardens bounded by Western Road to the north and York Road to the south,… …   Wikipedia

  • Architecture of Penang — The architecture of Penang reflects the 171 years of British presence in the Malaysian state of Penang, coalescing with local, Chinese, Indian, Islamic and other elements to create a unique and distinctive brand of architecture. Along with… …   Wikipedia