Arawan languages

Arawan languages

Infobox Language family
region=Brazil and Peru
fam1=Arawakan ?

Arawan (also Arahuan, Arauan, Arawán, Arawa, Arauán) is a family of languages spoken in western Brazil (Amazonas, Acre) and Peru.

Family division

Arauan consists of 8 or 9 languages:

: 1. Arawá (also known as Arawa, Arua) "(†)": 2. Kulina (also known as Culina-Madijá, Culina): 3. Deni: A. Madi group:: 4. Jamamadi (also known as Yamamadi):: 5. Kanamanti "(?)":: 6. Jarawara (also known as Jaruára, Yarawara):: 7. Banawá: 8. Paumari: 9. Zuruahá (also known as Suruahá)

The entire ethnic group that spoke Arawá became extinct in 1877 due to measles.

Kanamanti is listed in Kaufman (1994) with a question mark. Gordon (2005) does not list a Kanamantí language but does list the terms "Kanamanti" and "Canamanti" as alternate names for Jamamadi. Buller et al. (1993) does not list Kanamanti in their list of Arawan languages.

Zuruahá is listed in Gordon (2005) and mentioned in Kaufman (1994) from personal communication from Dan Everett — first contact with the community (a 3-day hike from the Dení's territory in Amazonas) was made in 1980. The language had not been studied as of 1994, but seems most similar to Deni.

External links

* Ethnologue: [ Arauan]
* Proel: [ Sub-tronco Arawán]


* Buller, Barbara; Buller, Ernest; & Everett, Daniel L. (1993). Stress placement, syllable structure, and minimality in Banawá. "International Journal of American Linguistics", "59" (1), 280-293.
* Campbell, Lyle. (1997). "American Indian languages: The historical linguistics of Native America". New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509427-1.
* Dixon, R. M. W. (2001). Internal reconstruction of tense-modal suffixes in Jarawara. "Diachronica", "18", 3-30.
* Dixon, R. M. W. (2004a). "The Jarawara language of southern Amazonia". Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-927067-8.
* Dixon, R. M. W. (2004b). Proto-Arawá phonology. "Anthropological Linguistics", "46", 1-83.
* Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (Ed.). (2005). "Ethnologue: Languages of the world" (15th ed.). Dallas, TX: SIL International. ISBN 1-55671-159-X. (Online version:
* Kaufman, Terrence. (1990). Language history in South America: What we know and how to know more. In D. L. Payne (Ed.), "Amazonian linguistics: Studies in lowland South American languages" (pp. 13-67). Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-70414-3.
* Kaufman, Terrence. (1994). The native languages of South America. In C. Mosley & R. E. Asher (Eds.), "Atlas of the world's languages" (pp. 46-76). London: Routledge.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arawan — can refer to:*Araouane, a city in Mali *Arauan languages, spoken in Brazil …   Wikipedia

  • Indigenous languages of the Americas — Yucatec Maya writing in the Dresden Codex, ca. 11–12th century, Chichen Itza Indigenous languages of the Americas are spoken by indigenous peoples from Alaska and Greenland to the southern tip of South America, encompassing the land masses which… …   Wikipedia

  • Classification schemes for indigenous languages of the Americas — This article is a list of different language classification proposals developed for indigenous languages of the Americas. The article is divided into North, Central, and South America sections; however, the classifications do not always neatly… …   Wikipedia

  • Paumarí language — Paumarí Spoken in Perú, Brazil Native speakers 700[citation needed]  (date missing) Language family Arau …   Wikipedia

  • Aroã language — Not to be confused with Arawán languages. Aruán Spoken in Brazil Region Marajó Native speakers 0  (date missing) Language family Arawak …   Wikipedia

  • Lenguas arauanas — Distribución geográfica: Etdos. Amazonas, Acre y dept. de Loreto Países:  Brasil …   Wikipedia Español

  • Arawa — may refer to: * Arawa (canoe), one of the Māori canoes that brought Polynesian migrants to New Zealand * Te Arawa, a confederation of Māori tribes in New Zealand * Arawa, Papua New Guinea, capital city of Bougainville province in Papua New Guinea …   Wikipedia

  • Мади языки — Араванская Таксон: семья Ареал: Амазония (Бразилия, Перу) Число носителей: 3000 Классификация Категория …   Википедия

  • Deni language — Deni Spoken in Brazil Native speakers 750  (date missing) Language family Arauan Deni Language c …   Wikipedia

  • Amerikanische Indianersprachen — Die Artikel Indigene amerikanische Sprachen und Indigene Sprachen Nordamerikas überschneiden sich thematisch. Hilf mit, die Artikel besser voneinander abzugrenzen oder zu vereinigen. Beteilige dich dazu an der Diskussion über diese… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.