- Government of Illinois
The state government of Illinois is modeled after the federal government with adaptations originating from traditions cultivated during the state's frontier era.
Wikisource. .] The capital of Illinois is Springfield. Under the , there are three branches of government: executive, legislative and judicial. The executive branch is split into several statewide elected offices. Legislative functions are granted to the Illinois General Assembly, made of the 118-member Illinois State House of Representativesand the 59-member Illinois State Senate. The judiciary is composed of the state supreme court, Illinois Appellate Courtand circuit courts.
The first capitol building was in
Kaskaskia, Illinois. It was a two-story brick building that rented for $4 per day.
Vandalia became the second capital in 1820, and was the site of three capitol buildings. Vandalia's first capitol was a simple two-story structure, which was destroyed by fire. In 1824, Vandalia's second capitol was built to replace the burnt building for $15,000. Soon after the third capitol building was built, many Illinoisans began lobbying to move the capital to a more central location in the state. In 1833, the General Assembly responded by passing an act allowing Illinoisans to choose their capital city. This worried the people of Vandalia, who did not want to lose the capital. Therefore, in 1836, without authorization from the General Assembly, the city tore down the third capitol building and replaced it with the fourth, a brick state house, costing $16,000. In 1839, voters selected
Springfield, Illinoisas the new state capital city, a distinction it holds to this day.
Illinois' fifth capitol was built in Springfield in 1853 at a cost of $260,000. Construction on the sixth, and present capitol, was begun in 1868. The building took twenty years to complete at a cost of $4.5 million. [http://www.state.il.us/kids/learn/capitols/]
The government of Illinois has numerous departments, including the
Illinois Department of Natural Resourcesand the Illinois Arts Council.
In the past, Illinois was a critical swing state leaning marginally towards to the Republican Party. This has changed and the state has supported Democratic presidential candidates since 1992.
John Kerryeasily won the state's 21 electoral votes in 2004 by a margin of 11 percentage points with 54.8% of the vote. Traditionally, Chicago, East Saint Louis, and the Illinois portion of the Quad Citiestend to vote heavily Democratic, along with the Central Illinois population centers of Peoria, Champaign-Urbanaand Decatur. It should be noted, however, that in the 2004 presidential election, Kerry won Peoria County by only 94 votes.Fact|date=March 2007 Rural districts tend to vote more heavily Republican, and the southern half of the state has historically tended Republican since the 1920s. The Republican Party was strongest in southern Illinois during the sixties and seventies when Barry Goldwater, Richard Nixon, and Gerald Fordwon all areas of southern Illinois, with the exception of East St. Louis, three to one.
As of 2007, all statewide offices are held by Democrats, making Illinois the only Midwestern state with this distinction. The Democrats also have a majority of Illinois congressional delegation and majorities in both houses of Illinois's state legislature.
Presidential election results
2006 Election for statewide offices in the State of Illinois
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Illinois — This article is about the U.S. state of Illinois. For other uses, see Illinois (disambiguation). State of Illinois … Wikipedia
Illinois Green Party — The Illinois Green Party is a legally established , statewide political party in Illinois.The party is affiliated with the Green Party of the United States. Its stated mission and purpose are to advance the Ten Key Values of the Green Party in… … Wikipedia
Illinois Department of Revenue — The Illinois Department of Revenue (IDOR) is a cabinet level department of the state government of Illinois. It is headquartered in the state capital of Springfield. The IDOR collects state taxes, operates the state lottery, oversees the state s… … Wikipedia
Illinois Comptroller — The Comptroller of Illinois is an elected official of the U.S. state of Illinois. He or she is responsible for maintaining the State s accounts, and for ordering payments into and out of them. The office was created by the Illinois Constitution… … Wikipedia
Illinois Department of Natural Resources — The Illinois Department of Natural Resources (IDNR) is a cabinet level department of the state government of Illinois. It is headquartered in the state capital of Springfield. The IDNR operates the state parks and state recreation areas, enforces … Wikipedia
Illinois Republican Party — Infobox American State Political Party party name = Illinois Republican Party party chairman = Andrew McKenna senateleader = houseleader = foundation = colours = Red ideology = Conservatism, Center right national = Republican Party headquarters … Wikipedia
Illinois State Lottery — The Illinois Lottery is run by the government of Illinois. The lottery was founded in 1973, when U.S. lotteries were confined to the Northeast and the Midwest. Televised drawings are based at the studios of Chicago s WGN TV, and occur twice daily … Wikipedia
Illinois — • One of the United States of America, bounded on the north by Wisconsin, on the west by the Mississippi, which separates it from Iowa and Missouri, on the south by the confluent waters of the Mississippi and the Ohio, which separate it from… … Catholic encyclopedia
Illinois State University — Official Logo of Illinois State University Motto Gladly we Learn and Teach Established 1857 Type Public … Wikipedia
Illinois campaign — Part of the American Revolutionary War The Fall of Fort Sackville, Frederick C. Yohn, 1923 … Wikipedia