Pentland Hills

Pentland Hills

The Pentland Hills are a range of hills to the south-west of Edinburgh, Scotland. The range is around 20 miles in length, and runs south west from Edinburgh towards Biggar and the upper Clyde Valley.

Some of the peaks include:
* Scald Law (579 m)
* Carnethy Hill (573 m)
* West Cairn Hill (562 m)
* East Cairn Hill (561 m)
* Byrehope Mount (536 m)
* Allermuir Hill (493 m)

The hills span a number of council regions: from City of Edinburgh and Midlothian in the north, south-west through West Lothian to Scottish Borders and South Lanarkshire. In fact, the Pentlands are more or less the historic natural boundary between West and Midlothian.


Pentland Hills Regional Park was designated in 1984, it covers an area of 90 km² at the northern end of the hills. The park, together with the rest of the hills, are used for a variety of recreations including hillwalking, mountain biking, horse riding, golf and skiing at the artificial ski slope at the Hillend Ski Centre.

Today most of the land is upland pasture, along with a few forestry plantations. The Ministry of Defence have a rifle range at Castlelaw. Much of Edinburgh's water supply is from reservoirs in the hills, including Threipmuir, Harlaw, Clubbiedean, Torduff, Glencorse and Loganlea. A number of rivers begin in the hills, including the Water of Leith and the North Esk.

The recording studio of the band Boards of Canada, known as Hexagon Sun is said to be located somewhere in the Pentland Hills, although its existence has not been proven.

In the southern part of the hills is Little Sparta, the garden of the late artist and poet Ian Hamilton Finlay.

Settlements in or near the Pentlands include:
* Edinburgh suburbs - Balerno (with Malleny Mills), Juniper Green, Colinton, Currie, Oxgangs, Fairmilehead, Swanston
* Midlothian - Glencorse, Hillend, Nine Mile Burn, Penicuik, Silverburn,
* West Lothian - Kirknewton, Livingston is also near.
* Scottish Borders (traditional Peebleshire) - Carlops, West Linton
* South Lanarkshire - Auchengray, Carnwath, Dolphinton, Dunsyre, Garvald, Tarbrax


There is ample evidence of prehistoric settlement in the area, e.g. the hillfort at Castlelaw, and another at Caerketton.

The hills were the scene of an incident in 1666 following the Restoration of King Charles II when an outbreak of armed rebellion amongst Covenanters led to a small force of badly armed conventiclers being defeated at the battle of Rullion Green, after which the whole tragic episode was (incorrectly) named the Pentland Rising. The incident is commemorated by the "Covenanter's Grave", a cairn after which one of the drove roads across the hills is known (OS Grid reference NT078521).

External links

* [ Pentland Hills Regional Park]
* [ Friends of the Pentlands]
* [ Hundreds of Pentland photos by Dave Henniker]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pentland-Hills — (spr. Pentländ Hills), Gebirge in den schottischen Grafschaften Peebles u. Edinburg; bis zu 1700 F. hoch, hat fette Weiden; zeigt Spuren vulkanischen Ursprungs …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Pentland Hills — Pentland Hills, Gebirgszug in Südschottland, erstreckt sich vom obern Clyde bis gegen Edinburg und erreicht im Scald Law 578 m Höhe. Er ist teilweise vulkanischen Ursprungs und hat fette Weiden …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pentland Hills — (spr. pénntländ), Gebirgszug im südl. Schottland, 26 km lg., im Scald Law 578 m hoch …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pentland Hills — Sp Peñtlando kalvos Ap Pentland Hills L Jungtinėje Karalystėje (Škotijoje) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Pentland Hills — geographical name hills S Scotland; highest peak Scald Law 1898 feet (578 meters) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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  • Hills in Edinburgh — Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland is traditionally said to have been built on Seven Hills , presumably in an attempt to liken the city with other cities supposedly built on seven hills such as Rome and Lisbon. There is considerable room for… …   Wikipedia

  • Pentland Firth — The Pentland Firth (Scottish Gaelic: An Caol Arcach , meaning the Orcadian Strait), which is actually more of a strait than a firth, separates the Orkney Islands from Caithness in the north of Scotland. The name is presumed to be a corruption of… …   Wikipedia

  • Mountains and hills of Scotland — Scotland is the most mountainous country in the United Kingdom. The area north and west of the Highland Boundary Fault is known as the Highlands, and contains the country s main mountain ranges. Scotland s mountain ranges, in a rough north to… …   Wikipedia

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