John Russell Bartlett


John Russell Bartlett

John Russell Bartlett (1805–1886), American historical and linguistic student, was born in Providence, Rhode Island, on the 23rd of October 1805. From his first to his eighteenth year he lived in Kingston, Canada; he was then in turn, from 1824 to 1836, a clerk in a dry goods store, a book-keeper and a bank cashier at Providence, and for more than ten years after 1836 he was a bookseller in New York City, returning to Providence in 1850.

In 1850–1853 he was the commissioner on the part of the United States for the survey of the boundary between the United States and Mexico, but owing to the lack of funds did not finish the work. After being superseded by another commissioner upon the accession of President Franklin Pierce, he published "A Personal Narrative of Explorations and Incidents in Texas, New Mexico, California, Sonora and Chihuahua" (2 vols., 1854), which, contains much valuable scientific and historical material concerning the south-west. In 1842, he joined ethnologist and public servant Albert Gallatin in founding the American Ethnological Society. He is chiefly remembered however, for his "Dictionary of Americanisms" (1848), a pioneering work which, although supplanted by later dialect studies, is still of value to students of language and remains a valuable contribution to the subject. The work is referenced frequently by the "Oxford English Dictionary" in which it is given the abbreviation "BARTLETT Dict. Amer."

From 1855 to 1872 he was Secretary of State of Rhode Island, and while serving in this capacity thoroughly re-arranged and classified the state records and prepared various bibliographies and compilations, relating chiefly to the history of the state. He died in Providence on the 28th of May 1886.

Note

John Russell Bartlett should not be confused with John Bartlett, publisher of Bartlett's Familiar Quotations.

References

*1911

External links

* [http://books.google.com/books?id=z5wYAAAAIAAJ "Dictionary of Americanisms" (4th Edition)] at Google Book Search
* [http://www.rihs.org/mssinv/Mss286.htm John Russell Bartlett Papers] at the Rhode Island Historical Society


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  • Bartlett, John Russell — ▪ American bibliographer born Oct. 23, 1805, Providence, R.I., U.S. died May 28, 1886, Providence       bibliographer who made his greatest contribution to linguistics with his pioneer work, Dictionary of Americanisms: A Glossary of Words and… …   Universalium

  • John Bartlett — may refer to:*John Bartlett (publisher) (1820–1905), Publisher of Bartlett s Familiar Quotations *John H. Bartlett, (1869–1952), Governor of New Hampshire *John Russell Bartlett, Librarian and Rhode Island politician *John Bartlett (tennis), Pro… …   Wikipedia

  • John Bartlett (publisher) — John Bartlett (June 14 1820 December 3 1905) was an American writer and publisher whose best known work, Bartlett s Familiar Quotations has been continually revised and reissued for a century after his death.Bartlett was born in Plymouth,… …   Wikipedia

  • Bartlett — ist der Name folgender Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Bartlett (Colorado) Bartlett (Georgia) Bartlett (Illinois) Bartlett (Iowa) Bartlett (Kalifornien) Bartlett (Kansas) Bartlett (Minnesota) Bartlett (Mississippi) Bartlett (Missouri) Bartlett… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bartlett's quotations —    American bookstores are blessed with many excellent quotation books, but one has been outstanding since its publication in 1855. This book, Bartlett s Familiar Quotations, has been a bedrock source of information for writers, speakers, and… …   Dictionary of eponyms

  • Bartlett — Bartlett, 1) John Russell, amerikan. Ethnolog und Historiograph, geb. 23. Okt. 1805 in Providence (Rhode Island), gest. 28. Mai 1886, war Kaufmann, widmete sich aber seit 1849 dem Studium der Geschichte und Ethnologie. Mit A. Gallatin begründete… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

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