- Lucius Roy Holbrook
Infobox Military Person
name=Lucius Roy Holbrook
born= birth date|1875|4|30
died= death date and age|1952|10|19|1875|4|30
San Francisco, California
allegiance= United States of America
United States Army
rank= Major General
Philippine-American War* Battle of Arayat* Battle of Cabiao* Battle of San Isidro* Battle of Santa Rosa II*Battle of Talavera World War I
awards=Distinguished Service Medal
Silver Star Croix de Guerre Légion d'honneur
Lucius Roy Holbrook (
April 30, 1875– October 19, 1952) was a Major General who commanded of the United States Army's Philippine Departmentfrom 1936 to 1938.
While stationed at
Boise, Idaho, Holbrook met Henrietta Coffin, ( January 7, 1877– March 28, 1965), the daughter of Frank R. Coffin, a merchant and baker and Charlotte Irene (Quivey) Coffin. They were married on June 7, 1899, at the Presidio of San Francisco, California.
Mrs. Coffin was reportedly the first Caucasian woman to enter Peking, following the
Early life and family history
Holbrook was born in Arkansaw,
Wisconsin. He was a son of Willard Francis and Mary (Ames) Holbrook. His father was born at Wrentham, Massachusetts, on April 27, 1827, and died September 17, 1886. Mary Ames, whom he married, was born November 19, 1840, at West Bridgewater, Massachusetts, and died July 12, 1889.
Holbrook graduated from high school in
Northfield, Minnesota, in 1892. He was appointed to the United States Military Academyon June 15, 1892and graduated on June 12, 1896, as a second lieutenant in the Cavalry.
Holbrook served with the
4th Cavalry Brigadeat Fort Walla Walla, Washington, until December 22, 1896, and at Boise Barracks, Forts Sherman and Wardner, Idaho, until May 1899.
June 24, 1889, he was ordered to the Philippine Islands and during the Philippine-American Warhe participated in the Northern Campaign, and in battles at Arayat, Cabiao, San Isidro, Santa Rosa, and Talavera.
Holbrook served with General
Theodore Schwan's Southern Expeditionfrom January 3to February 18, 1900, and was at the Battles of Muntinlupa and Binan, Carmona and Silan, Tiaong, Candaleria and Tayabas.
He was promoted to first lieutenant on
January 23, 1900.
In September 1900, he was reassigned to
Troop H, 6th Cavalry Brigadeat Boise Barracks, Idaho, where he remained until February 11, 1901.
Holbrook returned to the
Philippinesin March 1901 and served with Troop B, 15th Cavalry Brigadeand Troop I, 4th Cavalry Brigade, based at Manila, until July 1, 1901and at Fort Riley, Kansasuntil August 7, 1902.
He was promoted to Captain on
July 15, 1902.
He was then assigned to
Camp Stotsenburg, in the Philippines, until June 14, 1903. He returned to the US and served at Fort Logan, Colorado, and Fort Huachuca, Arizona, until August 28, 1904.
Holbrook was a distinguished graduate of the
Infantry-Cavalry Schoolat Fort Leavenworth, Kansason July 2, 1905and then attended the Staff College, Fort Leavenworthuntil July 25, 1906.
Holbrook was the umpire for maneuvers at Fort D.A. Russell,
Wyoming(later Fort Francis E. Warren) until September 16, 1906. He then joined the 5th Cavalry Brigadeat Fort Wingate, New Mexicountil October 24, 1907.
Holbrook was assigned to the
Commissary Departmentwhere he commanded the first training school for army bakers and cooks until March 9, 1911. It was here that he wrote the army's first cooking manual.
Holbrook then served as Assistant to the Chief Commissary,
Maneuver Division, San Antonio, Texas, until July 21, 1911and at Fort Riley until September 20, 1911. He was then ordered to Paris, France, where he attended the Ecole de L'Intendance(the French Army School of Supply) until December 15, 1912.
Holbrook was stationed at
Schofield Barracks, Hawaiiuntil April 4, 1916and was then a Quartermasterat Fort Riley, until July 1916. In 1916, he served with General John J. Pershing's Mexican Expeditionary Forces, as commander of the bakeries. This was the first use of the army field oven, which he had invented.
He was promoted to major on
July 1, 1916.
Holbrook then served at
Fort Sam Houston, Texas, until March 7, 1917where he was in command of the 7th Field Artillery Brigade, of the 1st Division, and he sailed with it for Franceon July 31, 1917. When the United States became involved in World War I, this was the first artillery unit to be sent to France, and it fired the first US artilleryshell against Germany.
While with the
American Expeditionary Force, Holbrook was at Le Valdahon, from August 14to October 18, 1917; at Sommerviller Sector, October 21to November 20, 1917; Ansauville Sector, January 19to April 4, 1918; Cantigny Sector, April 20to June 8, 1918; Montdidier-Noyon Defense, June 9to 13, 1918; and Saizerais Sector, August 4, to 16, 1918.
Holbrook was promoted to the temporary rank of general on
August 16, 1918.
He then commanded the
54th Field Artillery Brigade, in training until October 3, 1918; served with the 1st Field Artillery Brigade, in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, until November 7, 1918; and again commanded the 54th Field Artillery Brigade, at Chateau Reyneland elsewhere until May 22, 1919.
Holbrook returned to the United States in May 1919 and commanded
Camp Bragg, North Carolina, from May 16, 1919until July 1, 1919, when he became the head of the Artillery Department of the Command and General Staff Schoolat Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
July 15, 1919, he reverted to the rank of lieutenant colonel. On February 24, 1920, he was promoted to colonel.
January 27, 1921to May 4, 1922, Holbrook served as Assistant Chief of Staff for Supply, Ninth Corps Area; and as Chief of Staff, Ninth Corps Area until June 30, 1924. After this assignment, he became the Chief of Staff, Non-Divisional Group, Organized Reserves, Ninth Corps Area, until June 30, 1925; and Inspector, Ninth Corps Area, until October 19, 1925.
He was promoted to Brigadier General on
October 20, 1925.
Holbrook then commanded troops at Fort Douglas, Utah, until
August 19, 1926. Holbrook then commanded Camp Stotsenburg, in the Philippinesuntil May 11, 1929. Aterwards, he commanded Fort Bragg, North Carolina, from August 20, 1929until October 5, 1930, when he became commander of the 1st Division and Fort Hamilton, New York, until November 9, 1935.
He was promoted to Major General on
December 28, 1933.
January 22, 1936, became commanding general of the Philippine Departmentuntil 1938.
Holbrook retired on
January 31, 1939.
*Distinguished Service Medal. His citation reads:
*Silver Star for Gallantry. His citation reads:
* Silver Medal with
oak leaf clusterfor bravery
Mexican Service Medal
World War I Victory Medal
Army of Occupation of Germany Medal
*Fourragère of the French Croix du Guerre
*French Croix de Guerre
*French Legion of Honor (Officer)
*Montenegrin Ordre du Prince Danilo I (3rd Class)
Montenegrin Medaille de Bravoure d'Argent
Dates of promotion
January 23, 1900— First Lieutenant
July 15, 1902— Captain
July 1, 1916— major
August 16, 1918— Brigadier General (temporary)
July 15, 1919— Lieutenant Colonel
February 24, 1920— Colonel
October 20, 1925— Brigadier General
December 28, 1933— Major General
The Holbrooks became the parents of the following children:
*Franklin Rayle Coffin, born on
May 2, 1901. Advancing to the rank of major general, he retired in December 1955. On May 7, 1927, he married Virginia Howell of Trenton, New Jersey, born on January 8, 1902. They are the parents of, Franklin Coffin Holbrook, who attained the rank of first lieutenant. He married to Nancy Bascom Palmer and they had two children: Palmer Lee, and Franklin Rayle Coffin Holbrook, II.
*John Ames, born on
October 26, 1903. He became a captain in the United States Navyand retired. On August 8, 1952, he married Barbara Barber of Berkeley, California. By a previous marriage, he was the father of, John Ames, Jr., born on April 1, 1936.
*Lucius Roy, born
July 30, 1906. He held the rank of lieutenant colonel in the United States Air Force. On July 16, 1934, he married Mary Gertrude Sutterle in Shanghai, China. They had two children: Lucius Roy, 3rd, born January 4, 1944; and Marilyn Sutterle, born September 7, 1948.
Major General Lucius R. Holbrook died on
October 19, 1952, at Letterman Army Hospital. His remains were taken by train to Boise, Idaho.Persondata
NAME = Holbrook, Lucius Roy
ALTERNATIVE NAMES =
SHORT DESCRIPTION =
United States Armygeneral
DATE OF BIRTH =
April 30, 1875
PLACE OF BIRTH =
DATE OF DEATH =
October 19, 1952
PLACE OF DEATH =
San Francisco, California
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