Mahilyow


Mahilyow

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Магілёў "Могилёв"
"Mahilyow"
native_name


imagesize = 250px


image_




map_caption = Location of Mahilyow, shown within the Mahilyow Voblast
subdivision_type = Country Subdivision
subdivision_name = Belarus Mahilyow Voblast
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Viktor Shorikov
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1267
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 =
area_land_km2 =
area_water_km2 =
population_as_of = 2004
population_note =
population_total = 365102
population_metro =
population_density_km2 =
timezone = EET
utc_offset = +2
timezone_DST = EEST
utc_offset_DST = +3
latd=53|latm=55|latNS=N
longd=30|longm=21|longEW=E
elevation_m =
postal_code = 212000
area_code =
blank_name = License plate
blank_info = 6
website = http://www.city.mogilev.by
footnotes =

Mahilyow (also transliterated Mogilyov, Mogilev; _be. Магілёў, IPA2|maʝi'lʲou̯, _ru. Могилёв) is a city in eastern Belarus, about 76 km from the border with Russia's Smolensk Oblast and 105 km from the border with Russia's Bryansk Oblast. It has more than 367,788 inhabitants (2007 estimate). [ [http://www.world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=&men=gcis&lng=en&dat=32&geo=-43&srt=npan&col=aohdq&pt=c&va=&geo=-827/ "Mahiljow" – Stefan Helders www.world-gazetteer.com] .Retrieved on 2007-08-10.] It is the centre of Mahilyow voblast and the third largest city in Belarus.

History

The city was founded in 1267. Since 14th century a part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, after the Union of Lublin and creation of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, it was transferred to The Crown as "Mohylew" or "Mogilew". The city flourished as one of the main nodes of the east-west and north-south trading routes. In 1577 king Stefan Batory granted it with city rights. After the First Partition of Poland it came into the hands of Imperial Russia and was the centre of the Mogilev guberniya. In years 1915-1917, during World War I, the headquarters of the Russian army functioned in the city and the Tsar, Nicholas II, spent long periods here as Commander-in-Chief. In 1918 occupied by Germany and transferred to the short-lived Belarusian People's Republic. In 1919 captured by the forces of Bolshevist Russia and incorporated into Byelorussian SSR. Between 1941 and 1944 under German occupation. Since Belarus gaining its independence in 1991 Mahilyow remains one of its principal cities.

Economy

Mahilyow is one of the main economical and industrial centres of Belarus. After World War II a huge metallurgy centre with several major steel mills was built. Also, there were several major factories of cranes, cars, tractors and a chemical plant. The city is home to a major inland port at the Dnieper river and a domestic airport.

Sites of interest

The most striking building of Mahilyow is the six-pillared St. Stanislaw's Cathedral ( [http://globus.tut.by/mogilev/stanisl_kostel_tn_glr.htm picture] ), built in the Baroque style in 1738-52 and distinguished by its energetic murals. The convent of St. Nicholas ( [http://globus.tut.by/mogilev/nikol_main_tn_glr.htm picture] ) preserves its magnificent cathedral from 1668, as well as original iconostasis, belltower, walls, and gates. Minor landmarks include the archiepiscopal palace and memorial arch, both dating from the 1780s, and the enormous theatre in the blend of the Neo-Renaissance and Russian Revival styles.

At Polykovichi, an urban part of Mahilyow, there is a 350 metre tall guyed TV mast, one of the tallest structures in Belarus.

Notable natives of Mahilyow

*Leonid Isaakovich Mandelshtam, physicist
*Issai Schur, mathematician
*Modest Altschuler, orchestra conductor
*Grandparents of former Canadian professional ice hockey player Wayne Gretzky
*Otto Schmidt, scientist, mathematician, astronomer, geophysicist, statesman, academician
*Matest M. Agrest, ethnologist and mathematician
*Mikałaj Sudziłoŭski, revolutionary and scientist
*Lev Polugaevsky, International Grandmaster of chess
*Irving Berlin, American composer
*David Pinski, Yiddish playwright
*Charles Jaffe, emigre American chess Master and writer

Sister cities

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External links

* [http://www.city.mogilev.by/en Mogilev city executive committee]
* [http://www.travel-images.com/mogilev.html Images of Mogilev / Mahilyow]
* [http://radzima.org/pub/miesta.php?lang=en&miesta_id1=mamamahi Photos on Radzima.org]
* [http://www.bfcollection.net/cities/belarus/mogilev/mogilev.html Historic images of Mogilev]
* [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=696&letter=M Jewish Encyclopedia on Moghilef (Mohilev)]

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mahilyow — Ma·hi·lyow (mə hē louʹ, mä hē lyouʹ) or Mo·gi·lev (mŏgʹə lĕf , mə gĭ lyôfʹ) A city of east central Belarus on the Dnieper River east of Minsk. Founded around a castle built in 1267, the city eventually passed to Russia in 1772. Population:… …   Universalium

  • Mahilyow — Original name in latin Mahilyow Name in other language MVQ, Magiljou, Maguilov, Mahileu, Mahiliou, Mahilio Mahiljou, Mahiljov, Mahiljow, Mahiljo Mahilou, Mahilo Mahilyow, Mahil Mogil ov, Mogilev, Mogileva, Mogilew, Mogiliavas, Mogiliovas,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Mahilyow — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Mahilyow Country and Admin Code BY.06.828917 BY …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Mahilyow — or Mogilev geographical name city E Belarus on the Dnieper population 363,000 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Mahilyow — Mahiloŭ Магілёў (Belarusian), Mogilev (Russian), Mogilew or Mohylew (Polish), Molev מאָלעװ (Yiddish), Movilău (Romanian), Moghilău (Romanian variant), Mogiliovas (Lithuanian) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Mahilyow — n. (also known as Mogilyov) city and province in east central Belarus …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Mahilyow — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Mahilyow Raion — (Belarusian: Магілёўскі раён, Russian: Могилёвский район, Mogilyovsky raion, Mogilevsky raion) is a raion (district) in Mahilyow Voblast, Belarus, the administrative center is Mahilyow. References …   Wikipedia

  • Mahilyow Voblast — Infobox Voblasts Name = Mahilyow Voblasts Englishname = Mahilyow Voblasts Belarusianname = Магілёўская вобласць Englishname2 = Mogilev Oblast Russianname = Могилёвская область Flaglink = Flag COA = Escut Oblast Mohilev.png COAlink = Coat of arms… …   Wikipedia

  • FC Dnepr-Transmash Mahilyow — Football club infobox clubname = FC Dnepr fullname = FC Dnepr Mogilev nickname = founded = 1960 ground = Spartak Stadion Mogilev, Belarus capacity = 6,800 chairman = manager = league = Belarusian Premier League season = 2007 position = 13th… …   Wikipedia