official_name = Магілёў "Могилёв" "Mahilyow"
imagesize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Mahilyow, shown within the
subdivision_type = Country Subdivision
Belarus Mahilyow Voblast
established_title = Founded
established_date = 1267
population_as_of = 2004
population_total = 365102
timezone = EET
utc_offset = +2
timezone_DST = EEST
utc_offset_DST = +3
postal_code = 212000
blank_name = License plate
blank_info = 6
website = http://www.city.mogilev.by
Mahilyow (also transliterated Mogilyov, Mogilev; _be. Магілёў, IPA2|maʝi'lʲou̯, _ru. Могилёв) is a city in eastern
Belarus, about 76 km from the border with Russia's Smolensk Oblastand 105 km from the border with Russia's Bryansk Oblast. It has more than 367,788 inhabitants (2007 estimate). [ [http://www.world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=&men=gcis&lng=en&dat=32&geo=-43&srt=npan&col=aohdq&pt=c&va=&geo=-827/ "Mahiljow" – Stefan Helders www.world-gazetteer.com] .Retrieved on 2007-08-10.] It is the centre of Mahilyow voblastand the third largest city in Belarus.
The city was founded in 1267. Since 14th century a part of the
Grand Duchy of Lithuania, after the Union of Lublinand creation of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, it was transferred to The Crown as "Mohylew" or "Mogilew". The city flourished as one of the main nodes of the east-west and north-south trading routes. In 1577 king Stefan Batorygranted it with city rights. After the First Partition of Poland it came into the hands of Imperial Russiaand was the centre of the Mogilev guberniya. In years 1915-1917, during World War I, the headquarters of the Russian army functioned in the city and the Tsar, Nicholas II, spent long periods here as Commander-in-Chief. In 1918 occupied by Germanyand transferred to the short-lived Belarusian People's Republic. In 1919 captured by the forces of Bolshevist Russiaand incorporated into Byelorussian SSR. Between 1941 and 1944 under German occupation. Since Belarusgaining its independence in 1991 Mahilyow remains one of its principal cities.
Mahilyow is one of the main economical and industrial centres of Belarus. After World War II a huge metallurgy centre with several major steel mills was built. Also, there were several major factories of cranes,
cars, tractors and a chemical plant. The city is home to a major inland port at the Dnieperriver and a domestic airport.
Sites of interest
The most striking building of Mahilyow is the six-pillared St. Stanislaw's Cathedral ( [http://globus.tut.by/mogilev/stanisl_kostel_tn_glr.htm picture] ), built in the Baroque style in 1738-52 and distinguished by its energetic murals. The convent of St. Nicholas ( [http://globus.tut.by/mogilev/nikol_main_tn_glr.htm picture] ) preserves its magnificent cathedral from 1668, as well as original iconostasis, belltower, walls, and gates. Minor landmarks include the archiepiscopal palace and memorial arch, both dating from the 1780s, and the enormous theatre in the blend of the
Neo-Renaissanceand Russian Revivalstyles.
At Polykovichi, an urban part of Mahilyow, there is a 350 metre tall guyed TV mast, one of the tallest structures in Belarus.
Notable natives of Mahilyow
Leonid Isaakovich Mandelshtam, physicist
Issai Schur, mathematician
Modest Altschuler, orchestra conductor
*Grandparents of former Canadian professional
ice hockeyplayer Wayne Gretzky
Otto Schmidt, scientist, mathematician, astronomer, geophysicist, statesman, academician
Matest M. Agrest, ethnologist and mathematician
Mikałaj Sudziłoŭski, revolutionary and scientist
Lev Polugaevsky, International Grandmaster of chess
Irving Berlin, American composer
David Pinski, Yiddish playwright
Charles Jaffe, emigre American chess Master and writer
* [http://www.city.mogilev.by/en Mogilev city executive committee]
* [http://www.travel-images.com/mogilev.html Images of Mogilev / Mahilyow]
* [http://radzima.org/pub/miesta.php?lang=en&miesta_id1=mamamahi Photos on Radzima.org]
* [http://www.bfcollection.net/cities/belarus/mogilev/mogilev.html Historic images of Mogilev]
* [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=696&letter=M Jewish Encyclopedia on Moghilef (Mohilev)]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Mahilyow — Ma·hi·lyow (mə hē louʹ, mä hē lyouʹ) or Mo·gi·lev (mŏgʹə lĕf , mə gĭ lyôfʹ) A city of east central Belarus on the Dnieper River east of Minsk. Founded around a castle built in 1267, the city eventually passed to Russia in 1772. Population:… … Universalium
Mahilyow — Original name in latin Mahilyow Name in other language MVQ, Magiljou, Maguilov, Mahileu, Mahiliou, Mahilio Mahiljou, Mahiljov, Mahiljow, Mahiljo Mahilou, Mahilo Mahilyow, Mahil Mogil ov, Mogilev, Mogileva, Mogilew, Mogiliavas, Mogiliovas,… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Mahilyow — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Mahilyow Country and Admin Code BY.06.828917 BY … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
Mahilyow — or Mogilev geographical name city E Belarus on the Dnieper population 363,000 … New Collegiate Dictionary
Mahilyow — Mahiloŭ Магілёў (Belarusian), Mogilev (Russian), Mogilew or Mohylew (Polish), Molev מאָלעװ (Yiddish), Movilău (Romanian), Moghilău (Romanian variant), Mogiliovas (Lithuanian) … Names of cities in different languages
Mahilyow — n. (also known as Mogilyov) city and province in east central Belarus … English contemporary dictionary
Mahilyow — … Useful english dictionary
Mahilyow Raion — (Belarusian: Магілёўскі раён, Russian: Могилёвский район, Mogilyovsky raion, Mogilevsky raion) is a raion (district) in Mahilyow Voblast, Belarus, the administrative center is Mahilyow. References … Wikipedia
Mahilyow Voblast — Infobox Voblasts Name = Mahilyow Voblasts Englishname = Mahilyow Voblasts Belarusianname = Магілёўская вобласць Englishname2 = Mogilev Oblast Russianname = Могилёвская область Flaglink = Flag COA = Escut Oblast Mohilev.png COAlink = Coat of arms… … Wikipedia
FC Dnepr-Transmash Mahilyow — Football club infobox clubname = FC Dnepr fullname = FC Dnepr Mogilev nickname = founded = 1960 ground = Spartak Stadion Mogilev, Belarus capacity = 6,800 chairman = manager = league = Belarusian Premier League season = 2007 position = 13th… … Wikipedia