182nd Infantry Regiment (United States)


182nd Infantry Regiment (United States)

Infobox Military Unit
unit_name= 182nd Infantry Regiment


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dates= 1636-Present
country= United States
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branch= U.S. Army National Guard
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battles=American Revolution
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US Regiments
previous=181st Infantry Regiment
next=184th Infantry Regiment
The 182nd Infantry Regiment is a combat regiment of the United States Army made up of soldiers from the Massachusetts Army National Guard.

History

The 1st Battalion, 182nd Infantry Regiment traces its origins to the North Regiment which was constituted and organized on 7 October 1636 from existing train bands at Charlestown, New Town, Watertown, Concord, and Dedham. It was redesignated on 10 March 1643 as the Regiment of Middlesex. The unit was divided into two regiments on 13 October 1680, one designated as the Lower Regiment of Middlesex, to include the town of Charlestown, Cambridge, Watertown, Woburn, Malden and Reading. It was redesignated prior to 1733 as the 1st Regiment of Militia of Middlesex.

The unit was mustered into active service on 19 April 1775; it was reorganized and entered the Massachusetts Army as Gardner's Regiment on 23 April 1775 (Elements continued in the county as as 1st Middlesex County Regiment as depot and for local defense). It was redesignated as Bond's Regiment upon the death of Colonel Gardner, on 3 July 1775. The unit was again redesignated on 1 January 1776 as the 25th Continental Regiment; and as the 7th Massachusetts Regiment, Continental Line, on 1 January 1777. It was mustered out of continental service on 12 June 1783.

The unit was ordered into active service for the defense of Washington on 19 April 1861 with attached companies from the 1st and 7th Regiments of Infantry, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, and Major Cook's Light Artillery Company. It was mustered into federal service on 1 May 1861 at Washington, D.C., for three months service, and assigned to the 1st Brigade, 3rd Division. It participated in the first battle of Bull Run before being mustered out on 1 August 1861 at Boston. The unit was again mustered into federal service between 16 September - 8 October 1862 at Wenham for nine months service; during which time it served in the Department of North Carolina and with the XVIII Corp. It was mustered out on 2 July 1863 at Wenham. It was mustered into federal service at Camp Meigs, Readville, PA, in July 1864 for 100 days service and served with the VIII Corp in the Middle Military Division (Baltimore and vicinity) before being mustered out on 16 November 1864 at Readville and resumed state status

World War II

The unit reorganized on 12 July 1920 as the 5th Infantry Massachusetts National Guard. It was redesignated as the 182nd Infantry and assigned to the 26th Division on 21 March 1923. It was subsequently reorganized and federally recognized on 11 April 1923 with headquarters at Charlestown. The unit was inducted into federal service on 16 January 1941 at Charlestown. It was relieved from the 26th Division and assigned to the Task Force 6814, on 14 January 1942 (Task Force 6814 was redesignated as the Americal Division on 27 May 1942).

Post-War

The 2nd Battalion inactivated on 29 November 1945 at Fort Lewis, WA. The regiment (less 2nd Battalion which inactivated on 2 December 1945 at Fort Lawton staging area, WA) was relieved from the Americal Division and assigned to the 182nd Regimental Combat Team on 8 July 1946. It reorganized and was federally recognized on 5 December 1946 with headquarters at Charlestown. Its Headquarters relocated to Melrose on 30 September 1955.

The unit was relieved from the 182nd Regimental Combat Team on 1 May 1959 and reorganized as the 182nd Infantry under the Combat Arms Regimental System.

References

* [http://members.tripod.com/~infantry182/index.htm Official Site]
* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/1-182in.htm Global Security]


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