Bremerhaven


Bremerhaven

Infobox German Location
Art = Stadt
Wappen = Wappen Bremerhaven2.pnglat_deg = 53 | lat_min = 33 | lat_sec = 0
lon_deg = 8 | lon_min = 35 | lon_sec = 0
Bundesland = Bremen
Landkreis = Kreisfreie Stadt
Höhe = 2
Fläche = 78.867
Einwohner = 116241
Stand = 2007-02-28
pop_ref = [cite web|url=http://www.statistik-bremen.de/aktuelle_statistiken/01b.htm |title=Monthly population data |work= Statistisches Landesamt Bremen |accessdate = 2007-07-23 |language = German]
PLZ = 27501-27580
PLZ-alt = 2850
Vorwahl = 0471
Kfz = HB
Gemeindeschlüssel = 04 0 12 000
NUTS = DE502
LOCODE = DE BRV
Gliederung = 2 boroughs with 9 districts
Adresse = Stadthaus
Hinrich-Schmalfeldt-Straße
27576 Bremerhaven
Website = [http://www.bremerhaven.de/ bremerhaven.de]
Bürgermeister = Jörg Schulz
Bürgermeistertitel = Oberbürgermeister
Partei = SPD
year = 1827

Bremerhaven (IPA2|bʁeːmɐˈhaːfən) is the seaport of the free city and federal state of Bremen, Germany. It forms an enclave in the state of Lower Saxony and is located at the mouth of the River Weser on its eastern bank, opposite the town of Nordenham. Though a relatively new city, it has a long history as a trade port and today is one of the most important German ports, playing a crucial role in Germany's trade.externalimage|align=right|
http://bremerhaven-urlaub.de/ Holidays and sightseeing]
[http://www.auswandererhaus.de/english/hauptseite_e.html Auswandererhaus]
[http://www.dsm.de/edsm.htm Deutsches Schiffahrtsmuseum]
[http://www.bremerhaven-360.de 360 QTVR Panos]
[http://www.cimx.de/ Fullscreen panos]

History

The town was founded in 1827, but there were settlements in the vicinity as early as the 12th century. These tiny villages were built on small islands in the swampy estuary. There were early plans to found a fortified town on this site to protect ships leaving or entering the Weser River, and in 1672 Swedish colonists tried unsuccessfully to erect a castle (Carlsburg) there.

Finally, in 1827 the city of Bremen bought the territories at the mouth of the Weser from the Kingdom of Hanover. Bremen sought this territory in order to retain its share of Germany's overseas trade, which was threatened by the sedimentation of the Weser around the old inland port of Bremen. Bremerhaven was born and became a second harbour for Bremen, despite being 50 km downstream. Due to trade with and emigration to North America, the port and the town grew quickly.

The Kingdom of Hanover founded a rival town next to Bremerhaven and called it Geestemünde (1845). Both towns grew and established the three economic pillars of trade, shipbuilding and fishing. In 1927 Geestemünde and the neighbouring municipalities of Lehe and Wulsdorf were united to become the new city of Wesermünde, and in 1939 Bremerhaven was removed from the jurisdiction of Bremen and made a part of Wesermünde.
[
Bremen to the estuary at Bremerhaven (top).]

Bremerhaven was one of the important harbours of emigration in Europe.

As a key base of the Kriegsmarine, most of the city was destroyed in the Bombing of Bremen in World War II; however, key parts of the port were deliberately sparedFact|date=December 2007 by the Allied forces to provide a usable harbour for supplying the Allies after the war. Bremerhaven was a postwar enclave run by the United States within the British zone of northern Germany. In 1947 the city became part of the Bundesland Bremen (Bremen Federal State) and was consequently renamed from Wesermünde to Bremerhaven. Today, Bremerhaven is therefore part of the "state" of Bremen, while also a city in its own right. This is complicated somewhat by the fact the city of Bremen has owned the "overseas port" of Bremerhaven since 1927. Further complicating matters, a treaty between the two cities (as mentioned in Section 8 of Bremerhaven's municipal constitution) makes Bremerhaven responsible for the municipal administration of those parts owned directly by Bremen (known as "stadtbremisch"). [Verfassung für die Stadt Bremerhaven ( [http://www.bremerhaven.de/sixcms/detail.php?id=344 VerfBrhv] ); § 8(1) Zum Stadtgebiet gehören alle Grundstücke, Fluß- und Hafenanlagen der ehemaligen Stadt Wesermünde. Gemeindeverwaltungsmäßig wird die Stadt Bremerhaven im Gebiet des stadtbremischen Überseehafens aufgrund eines Vertrages zwischen den Städten Bremen und Bremerhaven zuständig.]

Twin cities

Bremerhaven's twin cities include:

The three roads connecting the city of Bremerhaven to the Autobahn 27 consequently are named after the original three twin cities:
* Cherbourger Straße (AS Bremerhaven-Überseehafen)
* Grimsbystraße (AS Bremerhaven-Mitte)
* Poristraße (AS Bremerhaven-Geestemünde)

Transportation

Roads

Due to its unique geographic situation, Bremerhaven suffers from a few transportational difficulties. The city has been connected to the autobahn network since the late 1970s. The A 27 runs north-south, east of the city, connecting Bremerhaven to Bremen and Cuxhaven. Road connections to Hamburg, however, are poor. The Bundesstraße 71 and secondary roads therefore carry most of the heavy lorry traffic. A proposed solution is the construction of the A 22, the so-called "Küstenautobahn" (or "coastal motorway"), which would link Bremerhaven to Hamburg and Wilhelmshaven/Oldenburg (using the Weser tunnel). Roads leading to the overseas port are regularly overloaded with freight traffic, and solutions are presently being discussed, including a deep-cut road favoured by the city government and various interest groups.

Railway

Bremerhaven has three active passenger rail stations, Bremerhaven Hauptbahnhof in the city centre, Bremerhaven-Lehe north of the centre and Bremerhaven-Wulsdorf in the southern part of the city. A fourth station, Bremerhaven-Speckenbüttel near the border to Langen has been out of service since 1988, though it might reopen when the Bremen S-Bahn scheme becomes operational.Bremerhaven's central station lost its last long-distance train in 2001. Now only regional connections to Bremen, Cuxhaven, Osnabrück and Hamburg are available. The railways in Bremerhaven, however, still carry a heavy load of freight traffic, mostly new cars, containers and food.

Tourist attractions

ImageStackRight|200

Bremerhaven has only a few historical buildings, and the high street and city centre are almost exclusively post-war. The main attractions for tourists are the German Emigration Center (since August 8, 2005) and the German Maritime Museum ("Deutsches Schiffahrtsmuseum") on the historical harbour with many museum ships, such as the Type XXI U-boat Wilhelm Bauer, the "Seute Deern" (a three-masted sailing vessel), and the Hansekogge, a vintage ship dating from 1380. The Lloyd-Werft shipyard is renowned for building and renovating large cruise liners, for example the Norway. The fishing port also houses an aquarium (the Atlanticum). The zoo reopened on 27 March 2004, after a lengthy renovation. It features Arctic wildlife, both terrestrial and marine. Attractions include the "Klimahaus," simulating travel adventure along the 8th line of longitude.

Every five years Sail Bremerhaven is held, a large sailing convention that attracts tall ships from all over the world. The last time it was held was in 2005, coinciding with Sail Amsterdam.

Trade

The port of Bremerhaven is the sixteenth-largest container port in the world and the fourth-largest in Europe with TEU|4.9 million|first=yes of cargo handled in 2007. cite news|work=Lloyds List Daily Commercial News|last=Van Marle|first=Gavin|pages=8-9|date=2008-01-31|title=Europe Terminals stretched to limit] In addition, more than 1,350,000 cars are imported or exported every year via Bremerhaven. Bremerhaven imports and exports more cars than any other city in Europe except for Rotterdam, and this traffic is also growing.

Politics

The Bremerhaven government is a coalition between the Social Democrats and the Christian Democrats.

port

Bremerhaven is home to the basketball team Eisbären Bremerhaven, who play in the German Bundesliga.

The Fischtown Pinguins, also known as REV Bremerhaven, are a professional hockey team in Germany's 2nd Bundesliga league.

References and Notes


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  • Bremerhaven — Bremerhaven, Hafenstadt von Bremen, 59 km unterhalb Bremens, r. an der untern Weser und der Geestemündung, gegenüber von Geestemünde, (1900) 20.315 E., Amtsgericht; Schiffbau, Schiffsausrüstung, Werkstätten etc., vier große Häfen, Schiffswerften …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bremerhaven — (Dutch, German, Low Saxon, Romanian), Brémský Přístav (Czech), Bremerhafen Бремерхафен (Macedonian) …   Names of cities in different languages

  • Bremerhaven — [brem′ər hä΄vən; ] Ger [ brā′mər häf΄ən] seaport at the mouth of the Weser River, in N Germany, forming an exclave of Bremen state: pop. 133,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Bremerhaven — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bremerhaven 93 — TuS Bremerhaven 93 e.V. Vereinsdaten Gründung 7. August 1893 Auflösung 1. Juli 1977 (Übertritt der Fußballabteilung zum OSC Bremerhaven) Verei …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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