Waterloo (song)

Waterloo (song)

Infobox Single
Name = Waterloo (Swedish version)


Artist = ABBA
from Album = Waterloo
B-side = "Honey, Honey" (Swedish Version)
Released = March 4, 1974 [http://www.abbasite.com/music/single.php?id=200 Waterloo (Swedish version) single]
Format = 7" single
[ Recorded = ]
Genre = Europop, Pop, Glam rock
Length = 2:42
Label = Polar Music
Writer = Benny Andersson, Stig Anderson, Björn Ulvaeus
Producer = Benny Andersson, Björn Ulvaeus, Engineer: Michael Tretow
Certification =
NoReviews = yes
Last single = "Another Town, Another Train"
(1973)
This single = "Waterloo (Swedish version)"
(1974)
Next single = "Waterloo"
(1974)
Infobox Single
Name = Waterloo


Artist = ABBA
from Album = Waterloo
B-side = "Watch Out"
Released = March 12, 1974
Format = 7" single
[Recorded = ]
Genre =
Length = 2:42
Label = Polar Music
[Certification = ]
NoReviews = yes
Last single = "Waterloo (Swedish version)"
(1974)
This single = "Waterloo"
(1974)
Next single = "Honey, Honey"
(1974)
Misc =
Misc =
"Waterloo", first called "Honey Pie" [cite web |url= http://www.abbasite.com/infocus/index.php?id=1435 |title= Waterloo – 30 years since ABBA’s breakthrough
accessdate= 2008-07-29 |publisher= ABBA - The Site
] , was the first single from Swedish pop group ABBA's second album "Waterloo", their first for Epic & Atlantic.

The Swedish version was the song that won ABBA the 1974 Eurovision Song Contest and began their path to worldwide fame. The Swedish version single was coupled with "Honey, Honey" (Swedish Version), the English with "Watch Out" as the B-side.

History

"Waterloo" was originally written as a song for the 1974 Eurovision Song Contest, after the group finished 3rd with "Ring Ring" in the previous year's national heats. Since it focused on lead vocalists Agnetha Fältskog and Anni-Frid Lyngstad, Björn Ulvaeus and Benny Andersson chose it in place of another of their songs, "Hasta Mañana". "Waterloo" is about a girl who is about to surrender to romance, as Napoleon had to surrender at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.

The song proved to be a good choice. It sailed through the Swedish heats (in Swedish) in February 1974 and won that year's Eurovision Song contest (ESC) final on April 6 by six points.

"Waterloo" was one of ABBA's few songs to be written with simultaneous rock music and jazz beats, something later discarded in favour of more disco-esque rhythms. The song broke the "dramatic ballad" tradition of the Eurovision Song Contest by its flavour and rhythm, as well as by its performance. By the end of the show, ABBA had given something the audience had never seen before in ESC: flashy and flamboyant costumes, silver platform boots, a group singing not in their native language, a catchy "uptempo" song and a simple, still unseen before, choreography.

Though it isn't well-known, Polar accidentally released a different version of "Waterloo" shortly after ABBA's Eurovision win before pulling it off the shelves and replacing it with the more famous version. The alternate version had a rockier sound, omitting the saxophones, plus an additional "oh yeah" in the verses. The alternate version was commercially released in 2005 as part of "The Complete Studio Recordings" box set. However, it was this version that ABBA performed in the 1979 Europe/North American tour.

Reception

The "Waterloo" single introduced the world to the phenomenon that was to become ABBA. The song shot to No.1 in the UK & stayed there for two weeks, becoming the 1st of the band's 9 UK chart-toppers. It also hit No.1 in Ireland, Belgium, Finland, Norway, Switzerland, West Germany and South Africa, while reaching the Top 3 in ABBA's native Sweden (in both its Swedish (No.2) & English (No.3) formats), Austria, the Netherlands, France & Spain. Amazingly, for a Eurovision winning song, "Waterloo" also reached the Top 10 in Zimbabwe (then Rhodesia), New Zealand & Australia. Unusually, for a Eurovision entry, the song made it up to No. 6 in the United States. Yet, despite all this success, "Waterloo" only reached No.14 in Italy. "Waterloo" is the only song that has competed in Eurovision to reach the Top 10 in 15 countries.

The "Waterloo" album performed similarly well in Europe, although in the U.S., it failed to match the success of the single. Though it would be another twelve months before the group repeated their success, "Waterloo" introduced the world to a fresh-faced and vibrant group of individuals who were determined not to be Eurovision one-hit wonders.

ABBA had originally cited Wood & the Wizzard song "See My Baby Jive" as influences & in the wake of their Eurovision victory, were quoted as saying that it would not surprise them if artists such as Wizzard would consider entering the Eurovision contest in future.

In 1994, "Waterloo" - together with several other ABBA hits - was included in the soundtrack of the film "Muriel's Wedding". It was re-released in 2004 (with the same B-side), to celebrate its thirtieth anniversary, reaching No. 20 on the UK charts.

On October 22, 2005, during the fiftieth celebration of the Eurovision Song Contest, "Waterloo" was chosen as the best song in the competition's history.

Contrary to what the song claims, Napoleon did not surrender at Waterloo; he surrendered at Rochefort on the French Atlantic coast four weeks later.

Chart positions

Release history

Cover versions

* A Swedish country band called Nashville Train (which included some of ABBA's own backing band members) covered the song in the 1970s on their album "ABBA Our Way".
* 1970s Hong Kong pop band The Wynners recorded a cover of the song. It was last included on their 2007 compilation "Stars on 33".
* In 1986, a cover version of the song was recorded and released by Doctor and the Medics, with special guest Roy Wood on saxophone and backing vocals, reached No. 45 on the UK chart.
* A heavy metal cover of the song by Nation can be found on the compilation "ABBAMetal" (also released as "A Tribute to ABBA").
* The 1995 New Zealand compilation "Abbasalutely" includes a version by Cloth.
* Spanish rock band Los Enemigos recorded an English cover of the song for their 1995 album "Por la Sombra Hermana Amnesia".
* In 1998, UK girl group Bananarama reunited to record "Waterloo" for the Eurovision parody "A Song For Eurotrash" on Channel 4. Their music video featured the girls waking up from a hang-over, dancing around in wedding dresses at an altar (with male back-up dancers in military uniform), and getting into a food fight at a wedding reception.
* Swedish heavy metal band Black Ingvars covered "Waterloo" in Swedish on their 1998 album "Schlager Metal".
* The song was covered by ABBA tribute pop group Arrival on their 1999 album "First Flight".
* Dance versions of the song have been recorded by Abbacadabra (released through Almighty Records), Tiny T on the "Lay All Your Love On ABBA" tribute album, German Eurodance group E-Rotic on their "Thank You For The Music" album, Baby Dolls (in 1991), and the Golden Queens.
* Singer/songwriter Pamela McNeill covered the song on her album "Tribute To ABBA", which was produced by her husband Dugan McNeill.
* On the British "ABBAMania 2" album released in 2004, the song is performed by British TV actors Michelle Hardwick, Vickie Gates, and Will Mellor.
* An instrumental electronica version by Motor Industries can be found on the album "The Electronic Tribute To ABBA".
* Another electronica version was recorded by an artist called Roymond, which was available for download on the Internet.
* German pop group Banaroo covered the song for the German "ABBA Mania" compilation, which coincided with a TV special.
* A cover of the song by Finnish a cappella choral ensemble Rajaton can be found on their 2006 ABBA tribute album "Rajaton Sings ABBA With Lahti Symphony Orchestra".
* Tribute band Gabba (band) recorded a cover of the song, in the style of The Ramones.
* The song was covered in a jazz/lounge music style by American group BNB on their 2008 album "Bossa Mia: Songs of ABBA".
* Dutch group Mrs. Einstein recorded a cover of the song for the Eurovision music contest.
* Tribute rock band No Matter What recorded a cover of the song.
* American indie band Popdudes from California included a cover of the song on their album "Maximum Rock Stupidity".
* The song was sung on Australian Idol season 6 by Mark Spano during Abba week.

Live cover performances, appearances in other media etc.

* The song is featured in the encore of the musical "Mamma Mia!". The song does not have a context or a meaning. It is just performed as a musical number in which members of the audience are encouraged to get up off their seats and sing, dance and clap along.
* The song is performed over the closing credits of the film "Mamma Mia!"
* The song made an appearance on "The Simpsons" in the episode "Mother Simpson".
* On December 12, 2006, the song was played by NASA during STS-116 as the wake up song for Christer Fuglesang, also from Sweden, in honor of him becoming the first Nordic astronaut.
* Bernd Stromberg, the main character of the German TV series "Stromberg" sang this song in the 9th episode of the 2nd season ("Die Kündigung").

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

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