Vedanga


Vedanga

The Vedanga ( "IAST|vedāṅga", "member of the Veda") are six auxiliary disciplines for the understanding and tradition of the Vedas.

#Shiksha ("IAST|śikṣā"): phonetics and phonology (sandhi)
#Chandas ("IAST|chandas"): meter
#Vyakarana ("IAST|vyākaraṇa"): grammar
#Nirukta ("IAST|nirukta"): etymology
#Jyotisha ("IAST|jyotiṣa"): astrology and astronomy, dealing particularly with the auspicious days for performing sacrifices.
#Kalpa ("IAST|kalpa"): ritual

Traditionally, "vyākaraṇa" and "nirukta" are shared across all four Vedas, while each veda has its own "śikṣā", "chandas", "kalpa" and "jyotiṣa". The Vedangas are first mentioned in the Mundaka Upanishad as topics to be observed by students of the Vedas. Later, they developed into independent disciplines, each with its own corpus of Sutras.

Literature

* Moritz Winternitz: "Geschichte der Indischen Literatur", Leipzig, 1905 - 1922, Vol. I - III. English translation: "History of Indian Literatur", Motilal Barnarsidass, Delhi, 1985, Vol I - III

External links

* [http://www.hindupedia.com/en/Vedanga Vedanga] on the online Hindu Encyclopedia


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Vedanga — Los Vedanga (‘miembros del Veda’) son seis disciplinas auxiliares para la comprensión de los Vedas: Shiksha: fonética y fonología (sandhi) Chandas: métrica poética Vyakarana: gramática Nirukta: etimología Yiotisha: astrología y astronomía.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vedanga — Schriften des Hinduismus Shruti Veda Rigveda Samaveda Yajurveda Atharvaveda Brahmanas Aranyakas Upanishaden …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vedanga — Ve|dan|ga, ed’anga der; <aus sanskr. vedāṅga »Glieder des Veda«> Oberbegriff für die sechs traditionellen Hilfswissenschaften zur Erklärung des Veda sowie die entsprechenden ↑Sutras …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • Vedanga — Vedạnga   [v ; Sanskrit »Glieder des Veda«], Oberbegriff für die sechs traditionellen Hilfswissenschaften zur Erklärung des Veda (sowie der entsprechenden Sutras): Ritual, Phonetik, Grammatik (Panini), Etymologie, Metrik und Astronomie.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • VEDANGA —    one of the six commentaries on the Vedas …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • vedanga — ve·dan·ga …   English syllables

  • Vedanga — noun Vedic texts from the fifth and fourth centuries BC dealing with phonetics and ritual injunctions and linguistics and grammar and etymology and lexicography and prosody and astronomy and astrology • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Vedic literature,… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Vedanga Jyotisha — The Vedanga Jyotisha , is an Indian text on Jyotisha (Indian astronomy), redacted by Lagadha (लगध).The text is foundational to the Jyotisha discipline of Vedanga, and is dated to the final centuries BCE. [Michael Witzel, Autochthonous Aryans? The …   Wikipedia

  • Kalpa (Vedanga) — Part of a series on Hindu scriptures …   Wikipedia


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