- Imperial diptych
Late Antiquity, an imperial diptych is a theoretical type of ivory diptych, made up of two leaves of five panels each and each with a central panel representing the emperor or empress. They are so-named in contrast to consular diptychs. They were produced as unique examples, whereas each consular diptych was produced in large numbers to offer to the emperor on certain occasions, principally a nobleman's entry to the consulship.
No complete example of an imperial diptych survives and so their existence is contested. The ivories specialist R. Delbrück has theorised that the 19 surviving fragments of ivory panels which clearly do not belong to the usual type of consular diptychs constitute evidence of imperial diptychs, despite having many characteristics in common with consular diptychs. The iconography of these diptychs obeys a stereotypical scheme, as illustrated by the
Barberini ivory, which is the best example of the posited type - an imperial diptych's programme would be made up of a central figure of the emperor or empress, figures of dignitaries on its side panels, an upper register showing a personification of Constantinople or a medallion with a bust of Christ and a lower register showing barbarians making offerings to the emperor. However, the fact that the Barberini ivory was almost certainly not a diptych, but some kind of imperial iconwithout a second panel is a serious argument against the existence of the imperial diptych type.
The two panels representing the empress Ariadne, in the
Bargelloin Florenceand the Kunsthistorisches Museumin Vienna, also belong to the hypothesied imperial diptych type. They are the only central panels of such a diptych (other than the Barberini ivory) to survive, since all other fragments of such diptychs are from side panels.
*Alexander Kazhdan (ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium, 3 vols., Oxford University Press, 1991 (ISBN 0195046528), s. v. Diptych, vol. 1, 636-637 ;
*de icon Richard Delbrück, "Die Consulardiptychen und verwandte Denkmäler", Berlin, 1929.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Diptych — • A sort of notebook, formed by the union of two tablets, placed one upon the other and united by rings or by a hinge Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Diptych Diptych … Catholic encyclopedia
Diptych — Two tablets, usually of wood or ivory, joined by hinges. Consular diptychs (examples survive from 428 541) were presented to senators, friends, and relatives by each of the annual consuls (q.v.) to commemorate their year in office. Each… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Imperial Oil Building — Canada s largest oil company.An interesting fact is that this building was the original design for the Toronto City Hall. Nathan Phillips, Toronto s mayor in 1955, rejected the Mathers and Haldenby design for city hall and opened the commission… … Wikipedia
Consular diptych — One of the consular diptychs of Areobindus Dagalaiphus Areobindus, consul in 506, showing him in a imago clipeata (Louvre) In Late Antiquity a consular diptych was a particular type of diptych (a pair of linked panels, generally in ivory, wood or … Wikipedia
Diptyque Impérial — Ivoire Barberini Un diptyque impérial est, dans l Antiquité tardive, un type particulier de diptyque d ivoire, composé de deux feuillets comportant chacun cinq panneaux, et dont les panneaux centraux représentent l empereur ou l impératrice. Ces… … Wikipédia en Français
Diptyque imperial — Diptyque impérial Ivoire Barberini Un diptyque impérial est, dans l Antiquité tardive, un type particulier de diptyque d ivoire, composé de deux feuillets comportant chacun cinq panneaux, et dont les panneaux centraux représentent l empereur ou l … Wikipédia en Français
Diptyque impérial — Ivoire Barberini Un diptyque impérial est, dans l Antiquité tardive, un type particulier de diptyque d ivoire, composé de deux feuillets comportant chacun cinq panneaux, et dont les panneaux centraux représentent l empereur ou l impératrice. Ces… … Wikipédia en Français
Диптих Барберини — … Википедия
Barberini ivory — The Barberini ivory is one half of a Byzantine ivory imperial diptych dating from Late Antiquity, now in the Louvre. It is carved in the classical style known as late Theodosian, representing the emperor as triumphant victor. It is generally… … Wikipedia
Western sculpture — ▪ art Introduction three dimensional artistic forms produced in what is now Europe and later in non European areas dominated by European culture (such as North America) from the Metal Ages (Europe, history of) to the present. Like… … Universalium