- Álvaro of Lencastre, 3rd Duke of Aveiro
Álvaro of Lencastre (1540-1626)
George of Lencastre, 2nd Duke of Aveirodied, in 1578 in the Battle of Alcácer Quibir, together with King Sebastian I of Portugaland most Portuguese nobles, the Dukedom of Aveiro was claimed by two pretenders:
*his daughter, Juliana of Lencastre (1560-1636);
*his cousin, Álvaro of Lencastre (1540-1626), his closest male relative, son of Alphonse of Lencastre ("Afonso de Lencastre"), 2nd son of
InfanteGeorge of Lencastre.
According to the "Lei Mental" (Mental Law) [This Law is so named because it was already in King John I's mind, but it was published only by his son and successor, King Duarte I, in 1434] , females could not inherit their father’s lands and fiefs (except with a specific royal permission). That was why Álvaro of Lencastre claimed his cousin's inheritance, to prevent the extinction of such a remarkable
This dispute took about 2 decades, and finally, King Philip I of Portugal (also know as
Philip II of Spain) decided that "Dom" Álvaro should marry his cousin, "Dona" Juliana, in order to inherit his family titles and estates, and they became jointly 3rd Dukes of Aveiro.
This marriage took place in 1598 and, for that occasion, the King granted the Dukes special honours :
Duke of Aveirobecame a "de juro e herdade" title (which meant that the King was obliged to renew the title in its rightful heir);
*the new title of
Duke of Torres Novaswas granted to the Duke of Aveiro’s heir;
Honorific styleof Excellency, granted to the House of Braganzain 1579, was also granted to this House;
The Ducal Palace was located in
Azeitão, where, attached to the palace, they also built a hospital. They granted a huge protection to the Arrábidaconvent, founded by the 1st Duke, John of Lencastre, where they both are buried.
The couple had sixteen children:
George of Lencastre, 1st Duke of Torres Novas(1594-1632), died before his mother, so he never inherited the Dukedom of Aveiro, which passed to his older son;
*Alphonse of Lencastre (1597- ? ),
Marquis of Porto Seguroand 1st Duke of Abrantes(as a Spanish title);
*Madalena of Lencastre (1599- ? ), married to Dinis de Faro, 3rd
Count of Faro;
*Maria of Lencastre (1602- ? ), married to Manrique Silva, 1st
Marquis of Gouveia;
*Violante of Lencastre (1604- ? ), married to Lourenço Pires de Castro, 3rd
Count of Basto;
*Peter of Lencastre (1608-1673),
Archbishop of Évora, who later became 5th Duke of Aveiro, after his nephew’s death;
Luís of Lencastre(1609-1673), married to Teresa Maria Saavedra, 4th Marchioness of Malagón, in Spain;
*2 sons were priests;
*4 daughters were nuns;
*3 children died young.
*Infante George of Lencastre
Duke of Aveiro
Duke of Torres Novas
Marquis of Torres Novas
* [http://www.geneall.net/P/per_page.php?id=3128 Genealogy of Álvaro of Lencastre, 3rd Duke of Aveiro, in Portuguese] ;
* [http://www.geneall.net/P/per_page.php?id=3310 Genealogy of Juliana of Lencastre, 3rd Duchess of Aveiro, in Portuguese] .
”Nobreza de Portugal e do Brasil” – Vol. II, pages 343 and 344. Published by Zairol Lda., Lisbon 1989.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
John of Lencastre, 1st Duke of Aveiro — Dom João de Lencastre, or John of Lencastre ( ? , 1501 – Coimbra, 1571), was the older son of Infante George, Duke of Coimbra and of his wife Dona Beatriz of Vilhena.Through his father, John was a grand child of King John II of Portugal and a 3rd … Wikipedia
Raimundo of Lencastre, 4th Duke of Aveiro — Dom Raimundo of Lencastre ( ? – Cadiz, 1666) was the older son of George of Lencastre, 1st Duke of Torres Novas, and grandson of Álvaro and Juliana of Lencastre, 3rd Dukes of Aveiro.Once his father died before his grandmother, in 1632, he succeed … Wikipedia
Peter of Lencastre, 5th Duke of Aveiro — Dom Pedro de Lencastre, or Peter of Lencastre (Azeitão, 1608 – Lisbon, 1673), was the youngest son of Álvaro and Juliana of Lencastre, 3rd Dukes of Aveiro.He studied theology in the University of Coimbra and he became successively Bishop of… … Wikipedia
Duke of Aveiro — The Dukes of Aveiro was an aristocratic Portuguese title with the level of Royal Dukedom , close related to the Portuguese Royal House.The title was granted in 1535, by King John III of Portugal to his 4th cousin, John of Lencastre, son of… … Wikipedia
George of Lencastre, 1st Duke of Torres Novas — Dom Jorge de Lencastre, or George of Lencastre (Azeitão, 1594 – Lisbon, 1632) was the older son of Álvaro and Juliana of Lencastre, 3rd Dukes of Aveiro.As heir of the Dukes of Aveiro, he was 3rd Marquis of Torres Novas and, due to King Philip I’s … Wikipedia
Duke of Abrantes — (in Portuguese Duque de Abrantes ) was an aristocratic Portuguese title, granted by a decree issued by King Joseph I of Portugal on December 9th, 1753, to Ana Maria Catarina Henriqueta de Lorena, 3rd Marchioness of Abrantes and 9th Countess of… … Wikipedia
Duke of Torres Novas — The Dukes of Torres Novas (in Portuguese Duque de Torres Novas ) was an aristocratic Portuguese title granted by King Philip II of Portugal, also known as Philip III of Spain, by a royal decree of September 26th, 1619, to George of Lencastre, 1st … Wikipedia
Dukes of Aveiro — Arms of the Lencastres, Dukes of Aveiro. The Royal Dukedom of Aveiro was an aristocratic Portuguese title, granted in 1535 by King John III of Portugal to his 4th cousin, John of Lencastre, son of Infante George of Lencastre, a natural son of… … Wikipedia
Jorge, Duke of Coimbra — Jorge de Lencastre or George of Portugal (1481 ndash;1550, Portuguese: Jorge , pron. IPA2| ʒɔɾʒ(ɨ)) was a Portuguese Prince, natural son of King John II of Portugal and Ana de Mendonça, a maid of Joan, La Beltraneja .George was born in Abrantes… … Wikipedia
Dukes of Abrantes — Duke of Abrantes was an aristocratic title granted on three separate occasions and it refers to the Portuguese city of Abrantes (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐˈbɾɐ̃tɨʃ]), located on the Ribatejo province. Contents 1 1642: The Dukes of Abrantes … Wikipedia