Álvaro of Lencastre, 3rd Duke of Aveiro

Álvaro of Lencastre, 3rd Duke of Aveiro

Álvaro of Lencastre (1540-1626)

Disputed Inheritance

When George of Lencastre, 2nd Duke of Aveiro died, in 1578 in the Battle of Alcácer Quibir, together with King Sebastian I of Portugal and most Portuguese nobles, the Dukedom of Aveiro was claimed by two pretenders:
*his daughter, Juliana of Lencastre (1560-1636);
*his cousin, Álvaro of Lencastre (1540-1626), his closest male relative, son of Alphonse of Lencastre ("Afonso de Lencastre"), 2nd son of Infante George of Lencastre.

According to the "Lei Mental" (Mental Law) [This Law is so named because it was already in King John I's mind, but it was published only by his son and successor, King Duarte I, in 1434] , females could not inherit their father’s lands and fiefs (except with a specific royal permission). That was why Álvaro of Lencastre claimed his cousin's inheritance, to prevent the extinction of such a remarkable aristocratic House.

This dispute took about 2 decades, and finally, King Philip I of Portugal (also know as Philip II of Spain) decided that "Dom" Álvaro should marry his cousin, "Dona" Juliana, in order to inherit his family titles and estates, and they became jointly 3rd Dukes of Aveiro.

This marriage took place in 1598 and, for that occasion, the King granted the Dukes special honours :
*Duke of Aveiro became a "de juro e herdade" title (which meant that the King was obliged to renew the title in its rightful heir);
*the new title of Duke of Torres Novas was granted to the Duke of Aveiro’s heir;
*the official Honorific style of Excellency, granted to the House of Braganza in 1579, was also granted to this House;

The Ducal Palace was located in Azeitão, where, attached to the palace, they also built a hospital. They granted a huge protection to the Arrábida convent, founded by the 1st Duke, John of Lencastre, where they both are buried.

The couple had sixteen children:
*George of Lencastre, 1st Duke of Torres Novas (1594-1632), died before his mother, so he never inherited the Dukedom of Aveiro, which passed to his older son;
*Alphonse of Lencastre (1597- ? ), Marquis of Porto Seguro and 1st Duke of Abrantes (as a Spanish title);
*Madalena of Lencastre (1599- ? ), married to Dinis de Faro, 3rd Count of Faro;
*Maria of Lencastre (1602- ? ), married to Manrique Silva, 1st Marquis of Gouveia;
*Violante of Lencastre (1604- ? ), married to Lourenço Pires de Castro, 3rd Count of Basto;
*Peter of Lencastre (1608-1673), Archbishop of Évora, who later became 5th Duke of Aveiro, after his nephew’s death;
*Luís of Lencastre (1609-1673), married to Teresa Maria Saavedra, 4th Marchioness of Malagón, in Spain;
*2 sons were priests;
*4 daughters were nuns;
*3 children died young.

ee also

*Infante George of Lencastre
*Duke of Aveiro
*Duke of Torres Novas
*Marquis of Torres Novas

External links

* [http://www.geneall.net/P/per_page.php?id=3128 Genealogy of Álvaro of Lencastre, 3rd Duke of Aveiro, in Portuguese] ;
* [http://www.geneall.net/P/per_page.php?id=3310 Genealogy of Juliana of Lencastre, 3rd Duchess of Aveiro, in Portuguese] .

Bibliography

”Nobreza de Portugal e do Brasil” – Vol. II, pages 343 and 344. Published by Zairol Lda., Lisbon 1989.

References


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См. также в других словарях:

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  • Peter of Lencastre, 5th Duke of Aveiro — Dom Pedro de Lencastre, or Peter of Lencastre (Azeitão, 1608 – Lisbon, 1673), was the youngest son of Álvaro and Juliana of Lencastre, 3rd Dukes of Aveiro.He studied theology in the University of Coimbra and he became successively Bishop of… …   Wikipedia

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  • George of Lencastre, 1st Duke of Torres Novas — Dom Jorge de Lencastre, or George of Lencastre (Azeitão, 1594 – Lisbon, 1632) was the older son of Álvaro and Juliana of Lencastre, 3rd Dukes of Aveiro.As heir of the Dukes of Aveiro, he was 3rd Marquis of Torres Novas and, due to King Philip I’s …   Wikipedia

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