Bulgarians in South America


Bulgarians in South America

Infobox Ethnic group
group=Bulgarians in South America


caption =
poptime=roughly 8,000-90,000
popplace=Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil
langs=Spanish, Portuguese, Bulgarian, Judaeo-Spanish
rels=Roman Catholic, Bulgarian Orthodox
related=Bulgarian people, other White Argentines, White Brazilians, etc.

Bulgarians (Spanish and _pt. búlgaros) have been settling in South America ( _bg. Южна Америка, "Yuzhna Amerika") as economic emigrants since the late 19th century. Their presence has been documented in Uruguay since 1905, in Argentina since 1906 and in Brazil since the early 20th century.

The Bulgarian diaspora in South America is strongest in Argentina, where 40,000 people of Bulgarian descent are thought to live, the diaspora itself assessing its size to be at least 80,000. However, according to official data, only around 3,000 people have declared Bulgarian nationality in Argentina. Bulgarians mainly live in Buenos Aires, Berisso, Mar del Plata, Presidencia Roque Sáenz Peña, Las Breñas and Comodoro Rivadavia. The most significant wave of emigration was in the 1920s, following World War I, when over 20,000 Bulgarians (mostly northern Bulgaria: around Veliko Tarnovo, Lovech, Pleven, Vratsa and Targovishte) settled in Argentina. Some of them formed a compact community in the agricultural Chaco Province, introducing the first tractor to Chaco.

According to estimates, 1,800-5,000 Bulgarians live in Brazil, chiefly in Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Porto Alegre and Belo Horizonte, including many Bessarabian Bulgarians and some Bulgarian Jews and Bulgarian Armenians. A notable Bulgarian diaspora also exists in Uruguay, numbering around 2,000. Most Bulgarians in this country live in Montevideo, with some in Fray Bentos, Punta del Este, Maldonado, Durazno and Rocha. In the late 1920s, there were around 4,000 Bulgarians in Uruguay.

A smaller number of Bulgarians have also settled in Mexico (today around 250-300, mostly in Mexico City), Cuba (today around 200, mostly in Havana), Chile (today around 150, mostly in Santiago), Venezuela (today around 130), Peru, Paraguay, Colombia.

Notable figures

* Miguel and Juan Lazaroff, founders of Uruguayan football club Danubio F.C. (named after the Danube River)
* João Cláudio Todorov, Brazilian psychologist, rector of the University of Brasília
* Teodoro Petkoff (b. 1932), Venezuelan politician
* Dilma Rousseff (b. 1947), Brazilian politician, firts Brazilian female Minister Chief of Staff and possible presidential hopeful in 2010
* Jorge Lazaroff (1950ndash1989), Uruguayan composer
* Myriam Moscona (b. 1955), Mexican journalist, translator and poet
* Fabián Estoyanoff (b. 1982), Uruguayan footballer

ee also

* Bulgarian diaspora
* Immigration to Argentina
* Immigration to Brazil
* Immigration to Uruguay

References

*
*

External links

* [http://www.fab.org.ar/ Fundación Argentino Búlgara] es icon en icon


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