Malayalam script


Malayalam script

Infobox Writing system
name = Malayalam
languages = Malayalam
Konkani
type = Abugida
time = c. 1100–present
fam1=Proto-Canaanite alphabet
fam2=Phoenician alphabet
fam3=Aramaic alphabet
fam4=Brāhmī
fam5=Grantha
sisters=Sinhala
Tamil
unicode = [http://www.unicode.org/charts/PDF/U0D00.pdf U+0D00–U+0D7F]
iso15924 = Mlym
The Malayalam script is an abugida of the Brahmic family, used to write the Malayalam language. From the Brahmi script, the Grantha script emerged as one of the earliest Southern scripts. It further evolved into the Malayalam script. The Malayalam script covers all the symbols of Sanskrit as well as special Dravidian letters. The alphabet is classified into two categories: swarams (or vowels) and vyanjanams (or consonants).

Vowels

There is no distinction of case, i.e. no uppercase and lowercase letters. Diacritics, or vowel signs, are used to associate a vowel to a consonant. When no diacritic is used, the vowel sound 'a' is assumed. To denote the absence of a vowel specifically, a "chandrakkala" Unicode|് (also called "virama") is used.

Other symbols

In addition to these symbols, there are many more symbols to indicate ligatures of the various consonants with each other.

Digits

Malayalam digits are written as follows:

Unicode for Malayalam

The Unicode range for Malayalam is U+0D00–U+0D7F. Grey areas indicate non-assigned code points.

See also

* List of alphabets
* Grantha script
* Arabi Malayalam

External links

* [http://www.jaimalayalam.com Website including resources for learning Malayalam script]
* [http://www.unicode.org/charts/PDF/U0D00.pdf Unicode Code Chart for Malayalam (PDF Format)]
* [http://www.alanwood.net/unicode/fonts_windows.html#malayalam Malayalam Unicode fonts]
* [http://www.iit.edu/~laksvij/language/malayalam.html Indian Language Converter] Web-based tool to transliterate from Romanised English to Unicode Malayalam
* [http://vle.marthomacentre.org.uk/ 'moodle' in Malayalam] Virtual Learning Environment

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