George Gordon, 1st Duke of Gordon

George Gordon, 1st Duke of Gordon

George Gordon, 1st Duke of Gordon KT PC (1649–December 7 1716), styled the Marquess of Huntly from 1661 to 1684, was a Scottish peer.

George Gordon, 4th Marquess of Huntly was born in 1649, the son of Lewis Gordon, 3rd Marquess of Huntly and Mary Grant. He was originally styled the Earl of Enzie until his succession as Marquess in December 1653, when he was around four years old. The young Marquess was educated at a Catholic seminary in France, following a tradition within the Huntly family. In 1673, when he was aged 24, he entered the French Army of Louis XIV and served under the famous Marshal de Turenne before returning to Scotland sometime around 1675.

In October of the following year, 1676, he married Lady Elizabeth Howard, the second daughter of Henry Howard, the 5th Duke of Norfolk. However, he was described by the historian Macky as someone "made for the company of ladies, but is covetous which extremely eclipses him." [Macky. "Characters." quoted in The Complete Peerage, Volume VI, p3, footnote (e).] The marriage was not wholly successful and the couple parted some years before his death.

On November 1st, 1684, George was advanced from Marquess of Huntly to be 1st Duke of Gordon. Following the accession of the Catholic James II in 1685, the Duke was made one of the Commissioners of Supply, Constable of Edinburgh Castle, a Commissioner of the Scottish Treasury and a founding Knight of the Order of the Thistle. The Duke owed these positions to his Catholicism and, around this time, he was described as being "a libertine and a fop, he is a Roman Catholic because he was bred so, but otherwise thinks very little of revealed religion." ["Ibid."]

Following the Glorious Revolution and the overthrow of James II, the Duke held Edinburgh Castle against the Protestant Conventionists. However, he is remembered as being "vacilating in his defence" and eventually surrendered the Castle on June 14th, 1689. As a result of his actions in Edinburgh, he was received somewhat coldly by King James at his residence in exile, the Palace of St Germain-en-Laye, near Paris. On his return to Scotland he was confined on parole. Shortly after this, his Duchess left him and retired to a convent in Flanders. The Duke temporarily regained favour with the accession of Queen Anne in 1702 and was recognised by her as a Knight of the Thistle, when she revived the Order on December 31st, 1703. However, the Duke, being a true Gordon, could not stay out of trouble for very long. In March 1707, he was arrested along with other Jacobite Lords and was confined to Edinburgh Castle for being implicated in the aborted Jacobite invasion. For his long-suffering Duchess this was the final straw and she obtained a deed of separation from her husband.

The historian Macky, in his book "Characters", observed the Duke and said that "he hath a great many links, but they do not make a complete chain; is certainly a very fine gentleman and understands conversation and the belles lettres; is well bred. He is handsome and taller than the ordinary size; thin, dresses well; but is somewhat finical, resembling the French"." ["Ibid."]

The Duke died at Leith, on December 7th, 1716. The Duchess returned to Scotland after his death and resided at Abbey Hill in Edinburgh until her own death in July 1732. Like her husband she was buried in Elgin Cathedral.

His Grace had two children:

*Alexander Gordon, 2nd Duke of Gordon (c. 1678–1728)
*Lady Jane Gordon (c. 1691–1773), married James Drummond, 2nd Duke of Perth and had issue.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • George Gordon — may refer to:*George Henry Gordon (1823 ndash;1886), U.S. Army general *George Gordon (botanist) (1801 1893), British botanist, geologist and naturalist *George Gordon (horticulturalist) (1841 1914), British horticulturalist and writer, winner of …   Wikipedia

  • George Gordon, 1st Earl of Aberdeen — (6 October 1637 ndash;20 April 1720), Lord Chancellor of Scotland, was the second son of Sir John Gordon, 1st Baronet, of Haddo, Aberdeenshire, (executed in 1644); by his wife, Mary Forbes.EducationHe graduated M.A., and was chosen professor at… …   Wikipedia

  • George Gordon, 3rd Earl of Aberdeen — (19 June 1722 ndash;13 August 1801), styled Lord Haddo until 1745, was a Scottish peer. Aberdeen was the son of William Gordon, 2nd Earl of Aberdeen, by his second wife Lady Susan, daughter of John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl. He sat in the House… …   Wikipedia

  • George Gordon, 1st Marquess of Huntly — (1562 June 13, 1636), was a Scottish nobleman who took a leading role in politics at the time of the union with England.The son of the 5th Earl of Huntly, and of Anne, daughter of James Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Arran and Duke of Châtellerault, he… …   Wikipedia

  • George Gordon, 2nd Marquess of Huntly — (1592 ndash;March, 1649), styled Earl of Enzie from 1599 to 1636, eldest son of the first Marquess of Huntly by Lady Henrietta Stewart, daughter of Esmé Stewart, 1st Duke of Lennox, was brought up in England as a Protestant, and later created… …   Wikipedia

  • George Curzon, 1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston — The Most Honourable The Marquess Curzon of Kedleston KG, GCSI, GCIE, PC Lord Curzon of Kedleston as Viceroy of India …   Wikipedia

  • George Cave, 1st Viscount Cave — The Right Honourable The Viscount Cave GCMG KC PC Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain …   Wikipedia

  • George Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington — George Augustus Henry Cavendish, 1st Earl of Burlington (31 March 1754 ndash; 4 May 1834), known as Lord George Cavendish before 1831, was the third son of the 4th Duke of Devonshire and the former Lady Charlotte Boyle, a daughter of the 3rd Earl …   Wikipedia

  • Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington — Duke of Wellington and The Iron Duke redirect here. For subsequent dukes, see Duke of Wellington (title). For the film, see The Iron Duke (film). Field Marshal His Grace The Duke of Wellington KG GCB …   Wikipedia

  • John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl — KT , PC (24 February 1660 ndash;14 November 1724) was a Scottish nobleman and politician.He was born in 1660 to the 2nd Earl of Atholl and his wife, the former Lady Amelia Stanley. His maternal grandparents were the 7th Earl of Derby and the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.