Alexander of Greece (rhetorician)

Alexander of Greece (rhetorician)

Alexander (Gr. polytonic|Ἀλέξανδρος), son of Numenius (and sometimes called Alexander Numenius for this reason), was a Greek rhetorician who flourished in the first half of the 2nd century.cite encyclopedia | last = Schmitz | first = Leonhard | authorlink = | title = Alexander Numenius | editor = William Smith | encyclopedia = Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology | volume = 1 | pages = 123 | publisher = Little, Brown and Company | location = Boston | year = 1867 | url =]

About his life nothing is known. We possess two works which are ascribed to him. The one which certainly is his work bears the title "Peri ton tes dianoias kai tes lexeos schematon." Julius Rufinianus, in his work on the same subject expressly states that Aquila Romanus, in his Latin treatise "De Figuris Sententiarum et Elocutionis", took his materials from Alexander's work. [Julius Rufinianus, p. 195, ed. Ruhnken] Another epitome was made in the 4th century by a Christian for use in Christian schools, containing additional examples from Gregory Nazianzus.

The second work traditionally attributed to Alexander Numenius, titled "On Show-Speeches" (polytonic|Περὶ Ἐπιδεικτικὤν), is acknowledge by virtually all critics to not be the work of this Alexander, but of a later grammarian also named Alexander; it is, to speak more correctly, made up very clumsily from two distinct works, one of which was written by one Alexander, and the other by Menander. [Vales. "ad Euseb. Hist. Eccles." p. 28] The first edition of these two works is that of Aldus, in his collection of the "Rhetores Graeci", Venice, 1508, fol., vol. i. p. 574, &c. They are also contained in Walz's "Rhetores Graeci", vol. viii. The genuine work of Alexander Numenius has also been edited, together with Minucianus and Phoebammon, by L. Normann, with a Latin translation and useful notes, Upsala, 1690, 8vo. [David Ruhnken, "ad Aquil. Rom." p. 139, &c.] [Westermann, "Gesch. der Griech. Beredisamkeit", ~ 95, n. 13, ~ 104, n. 7]


Other sources

*Text in Spengel, "Rhetores Graeci" (1856).

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