Cabbage worm


Cabbage worm

The term cabbage worm is primarily used for any of four kinds of lepidopteran whose larvae feed on cabbages and other cole crops. Host plants include broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, collards, kale, mustard greens, turnip greens, radishes, turnips, rutabagas and kohlrabi. This small group of similar pest species is known to agriculturists as the cabbage worm complex.

* The imported cabbage worm is the green larva of the "cabbage butterfly" or "cabbage white", any of several largely white butterflies (family Pieridae, type genus " Pieris", "garden whites"). The "Small White" ("P. rapae") is a small, common, cosmopolitan butterfly whose caterpillar has fine, short fuzz and is bright green; it prefers cabbage, broccoli and cauliflower. A larger Old World form ("P. brassicae") is called "Large White". A common North American form ("P. protodice") is known as the "southern cabbage butterfly". The "green-veined white" ("P. napi") occurs in Europe and North America. In all of these species the larvae eat the leaves, which then become toxic to animals that consume the infested foliage.

* The cabbage looper ("Trichoplusia ni") is a member of the moth family Noctuidae. The caterpillar is smooth and green with white stripes. It is called a "looper" because it arches its body as it crawls, inchworm-style. This species is very destructive to plants due to its voracious consumption of leaves. It is not restricted to cole crops; other plant hosts include tomato, cucumber, and potato. The adult of the species is a nocturnal brown moth.

* The cabbage webworm is a widely distributed webworm ("Hellula undalis") native to southern Europe or Asia that also injures cabbages and other vegetables in the Gulf states of the United States.

* The diamondback moth ("Plutella xylostella" or, in some literature known by the synonym "P. maculipennis") is a member of the moth family Plutellidae. The caterpillar is smooth and solid green in color. When disturbed, it thrashes and drops off the plant. The newly-emerged larva is a leaf miner, entering the tissues of the leaf and consuming the parenchyma between the two outer layers of the leaf. Larger larvae make holes through the leaf, consuming all the tissue. The adult of the species is a small, elongated gray moth with whitish spots on the forewings that form two diamond shapes when the moth is at rest. The diamondback moth is primarily a tropical species, but is migratory, reaching temperate zones in most years.

Other species of caterpillar that may be called "cabbage worm" include the cross-striped cabbageworm, corn earworm, cabbage webworm, , Gulf white cabbageworm, southern cabbageworm, as well as many cutworm species such as fall armyworm and beet armyworm.

External links

* [http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/r108301111.html Imported Cabbageworm info page]
* [http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/r108301011.html Cabbage Looper info page]
* [http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/r108301311.html Diamondback Moth info page]
* [http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/veg/leaf/imported_cabbageworm.htm imported cabbage worm] on the UF / IFAS Featured Creatures Web site
* [http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/veg/leaf/diamondback_moth.htm diamondback moth] on the UF / IFAS Featured Creatures Web site
* [http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/veg/leaf/cabbage_looper.htm cabbage looper] on the UF / IFAS Featured Creatures Web site


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • cabbage worm — cab bage worm , cabbageworm cab bage*worm . (Zo[ o]l.), the larva of several species of moths and butterflies, which attacks cabbages. The most common is the toxic green larva of a white butterfly, the {cabbage butterfly}, ({Pieris rap[ae]}). The …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • cabbage-worm — cabbˈage worm noun The larva of the cabbage butterfly or of the cabbage moth • • • Main Entry: ↑cabbage …   Useful english dictionary

  • cabbage worm — noun Date: 1688 an insect larva (as of a cabbage butterfly) that feeds on cabbages …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • cabbage worm — /ˈkæbɪdʒ wɜm/ (say kabij werm) noun the larva of the cabbage butterfly …   Australian English dictionary

  • imported cabbage worm — noun Date: 1892 a small European white butterfly (Pieris rapae) introduced into temperate regions worldwide; also its green larva that is a pest of cruciferous plants and especially cabbage …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • cabbage butterfly — cab bage butterfly (Zo[ o]l.), a white butterfly ({Pieris rap[ae]} of both Europe and America, and the allied {Pieris oleracea}, a native American species) which, in the larval state, devours the leaves of the cabbage and the turnip. See also… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cabbage — This article is about the vegetable. For other uses, see Cabbage (disambiguation). Cabbage Cabbage and its cross section Details …   Wikipedia

  • Cabbage looper — Taxobox name = Cabbage Looper image width = 240px regnum = Animalia phylum = Arthropoda classis = Insecta ordo = Lepidoptera familia = Noctuidae subfamilia = Plusiinae tribus = Argyrogtammatini genus = Trichoplusia species = T. ni binomial =… …   Wikipedia

  • Cabbage webworm — Taxobox name = Cabbage webworm regnum = Animalia phylum = Arthropoda classis = Insecta ordo = Lepidoptera familia = Pyralidae genus = Hellula species = H. undalis binomial = Hellula undalis binomial authority = FabriciusThe cabbage webworm (… …   Wikipedia

  • cabbage looper — noun : a pale green white striped measuring worm (Trichoplusia ni) that is the larva of a moth of the family Noctuidae and that feeds on the leaves of cabbage and other cruciferous plants * * * the larva of a noctuid moth, Trichoplusia ni, common …   Useful english dictionary


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