native_name = Guadix
spanish_name = Guadix
image_coat_of_arms_size = 100px
image_city_map_size = 250px
image_city_map_caption = Location of Guadix
native_language = Spanish
community = Andalusia
community_link = Andalusia
province = Granada
province_link = Granada (province)
comarca = Guadix
comarca_link = Comarca de Guadix
mayor = Antonio Avilés
political_party = PSOE
political_party_link = Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
area = 317
altitude = 949
population = 20.296
date-population = 2007
density = 63,52
date-density = 2007
website = http://www.guadix.es/
postal_code = 18500
Guadix, a city of southern
Spain, in the province of Granada; on the left bank of the river Guadix, a sub-tributary of the Guadiana Menor, and on the Madrid- Valdepeñas- Almería railway. Pop. (2002) 20,042 inhabitants.
Guadix occupies part of an elevated
plateauamong the northern foothills of the Sierra Nevada. It is surrounded by ancient walls, and was formerly dominated by a Moorishcastle, now in ruins. It is an episcopal see of great antiquity, and its cathedral, built between the 16th and 18th century on the site of a mosque, combines three architectural styles (Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque).
The city was once famous for its cutlery; but its modern manufactures (chiefly earthenware, hempen goods, and hats) are inconsiderable. It has some trade in wool, cotton, flax, corn and liqueurs. The warm mineral springs of
Graena, much frequented during the summer, are 6 miles west.
The most famous feature of the town is the cave dwellings in the "Barrio Troglodyte" where upwards of half the population live. These caves are in no way primitive dwellings and are a solution to the fierce heat of the Granadin summer.
Guadix el Viejo, 6 km/5 miles northwest, was the Roman Acci mentioned in
Pliny's Natural Historyand as Akki by Ptolemy, who placed it among the Bastetani. Acci (Accitum) was the name of the old city situated in the region of the Bastetanos, whose capital was Baza. It is not known for certain whether it is of Phoenician or of early Spanish origin. According to Macrobius, the primitive inhabitants paid homage to Mars under the name of Neton. Julius Caesarestablished the Roman colony called Julia Gemella. According to tradition, it was the seat of the first bishopric in Hispania, in the 2nd century.
After 711 it rose to some importance as a Moorish fortress and trading station, renamed Wadi-Aci ("the
Wadiof Acci" ["Princeton Encyclopedia"] It was surrendered without a siege to the Spaniards, under Ferdinand and Isabella, in 1489.
The diocese of Guadix comprises the greater part of the
Province of Granadaand a portion of the Province of Almería.
The legend of the
Seven Apostolic Menpreserved in the Mozarabic Missal places the episcopal see of St. Torquatusin Guadix, and names him as one of the seven. The matron Luparia built a baptistery and primitive church. From then until 303, when Felix presided at the Council of Elvira, there is no record preserved of the Accitanian bishops.
Liliolus attended the Third
Council of Toledoin 589, and the names of the Accitanian bishops are to be found among those who attended the other Toletan councils; Clarencius at the fourth and fifth; Justus at the sixth; Julian at the eighth; Magnarius at the ninth and tenth; and Ricila, the last bishop whose name has come down to us before the Mohammedan invasion, at subsequent ones.
Mozarabicperiod the diocese of Guadix continued to exist. Isidorus Pacensismentions Frodoarius, who presided seven years over the See of Guadix. Quiricusassisted at the Council of Córdobabefore 839.
Almohades, in the twelfth century, destroyed this together with the other Andalusian sees; it was not restored until the time of the Catholic sovereigns. Cardinal Pedro González de Mendoza, Archbishop of Toledo, erected the new see on 21 May, 1492, in virtue of the Apostolic commission of Innocent VIIIgranted on 4 August, 1486, restoring, by right of postliminium, the Apostolic rank possessed by the see previous to the Islamic invasion. The diocese of Baza, founded in 1306, was united to the See of Guadix in 1493.
The modern cathedral, on the site occupied by the principal mosque, was commenced in 1710 and completed in 1796. The Seminary of St. Torquatus was founded by Bishop Juan José Fonseca in 1595;
Charles IV of Spainfounded an hospice in 1803, and the present hospital occupies the ancient Jesuit college. Bishop Timotes Hernández Mulas, b. at Morales del Vino, in the diocese of Zamora, 22 Aug., 1856, ordained in 1882, consecrated at Cuenca, 26 April, 1908, succeeded Mgr. Maximiano Fernandez del Rincon y Soto Davila in the See of Guadix. In the early 20th century the diocese had about 116,000 Catholics, 62 parishes, 87 churches, 87 chapels, and 162 priests. There is a Franciscan friary at Baza, homes of the Little Sisters of the Poorat Guadix and Baza, Presentation, Franciscan, Conceptionistsand Poor Clare nunsat Guadix.
Roman Catholic Diocese of Guadix
* [http://www.guadix.es/ Ayuntamiento de Guadix]
* [http://citywiki.ugr.es/wiki/Categor%C3%ADa:Comarca_de_Guadix Cartography and aerial pictures of Guadix and Surroundings]
ources and references
* [http://icarus.umkc.edu/sandbox/perseus/pecs/page.17.a.php Richard Stillwell, ed. "Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites", 1976:] "Acci (Guadix), Granada, Spain"
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Look at other dictionaries:
Guadix — Wappen Karte von Spanien … Deutsch Wikipedia
Guadix — Panorma … Wikipédia en Français
Guadix — (spr. Guadich), 1) Nebenfluß der Guadiana menor in der spanischen Provinz Granada, 2) Stadt daran, Suffraganbischof, Granada, Waffenfabrikation; 10,000 Ew … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Guadix — (spr. ŭadīs), Bezirkshauptstadt in der span. Provinz Granada, im Tal des Rio de G., an der Nordseite der Sierra Nevada, an der Eisenbahn Linares Almeria, Sitz eines Bischofs, hat eine Kathedrale aus dem 18. Jahrh., Ruinen eines maurischen… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Guadix — (spr. dích), Stadt in der span. Prov. Granada, (1900) 12.652 E.; etwa 7 km westl. die Mineralquellen von Graēna, 800 M ü. d. M … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Guadix — es un municipio de la provincia de Granada, en en sureste de España, situada en la falda norte de Sierra Nevada, a unos 60 kilómetros de la ciudad de Granada. La capital de la comarca del Marquesado consta de 20.000 habitantes aproximadamente. Su … Enciclopedia Universal
Guadix — Para otros usos de este término, véase Guadix (desambiguación). Guadix Escudo … Wikipedia Español
Guadix — Guadịx, Stadt in Andalusien, Provinz Granada, Spanien, in einem Hochbecken des östlichen Hochandalusien, 964 m über dem Meeresspiegel, am Rand einer fruchtbaren Vega, umgeben von stark erodierten Bergrücken, 20 500 Einwohner; Bischofssitz;… … Universal-Lexikon
Guadix — Original name in latin Guadix Name in other language Acci, Guadiks, Guadis, Guadix, Gvadiks, Quadix, gua di si, guadikusu, wady ash, Гвадикс, Гуадис, Гуадікс State code ES Continent/City Europe/Madrid longitude 37.29932 latitude 3.13922 altitude… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Guadix — Sp Gvadiksas Ap Guadix L P Ispanija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė