- Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
Infobox musical artist
Name = Gewandhausorchester Leipzig
Background = classical_ensemble
Alias = Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra
Origin = flagicon|DEU
Genre = Classical
Years_active = 1781-"present"
Associated_acts = Gewandhaus Octet
Gewandhaus Wind Quintet
URL = [http://www.gewandhausorchester.de www.gewandhausorchester.de]
Current_members = Gewandhauskapellmeister
Kurt Masur Herbert Blomstedt
Past_members = Founder
Johann Adam Hiller
Notable_instruments = Concert Organ
"Schuke", Potsdam IV-92-6638 The Gewandhausorchester Leipzig (Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra) is a famous German
orchestrabased in Leipzig, Germany. It is named after the concert hall in which it is based, the Gewandhaus("Textiles Hall" - originally, a hall in the building that housed Leipzig's thriving textile trading floor). With 265 years of history, it is the oldest extant symphony orchestra in the world. [http://classicalmusic.about.com/od/symphonyfaq/f/oldestvenue.htm About.com: Classical Music] ]
History of the orchestra
The orchestra's origins can be traced to 1743, when a society called the "Grosses Concert" began performing in private homes. In 1744 the "Grosses Concert" moved its concerts to the "Three Swans" Tavern. Their concerts continued this venue for 36 years, until 1781. In 1780, because of complaints about concert conditions and audience behavior in the tavern, the mayor and city council of Leipzig offered to renovate one story of the Gewandhaus (the building use by textile merchants) for the orchestra's use. The motto "Res severa est verum gaudium" ("a serious concern is true pleasure", or "true pleasure is a serious business" - from the Roman author Seneca) was painted in the hall, suggesting the priorities of the sponsors. The orchestra gave its first concert in the Gewandhaus in 1781. The orchestra thus has a good claim to being the oldest continuing orchestra in Germany founded by
bourgeoisie, while older orchestras were part of royal suits.
1835the great composer Felix Mendelssohnbecame the orchestra's music director, with the traditional title of "Gewandhauskapellmeister"; he held the position until his death in 1847with only one year's interruption. In 1885, the orchestra moved into a new hall. This was destroyed by bombing in 1944. The present Gewandhaus is the third building with the name. It was opened in 1981. The large organ in the hall bears the original Gewandhaus hall's motto "Res severa verum gaudium" .
Aside from its duties as a concert orchestra the ensemble also performs frequently in the Thomaskirche and as the official opera orchestra of the Leipzig Opera.
Later principal conductors included
Arthur Nikisch, Wilhelm Furtwängler, Bruno Walter, and Vaclav Neumann. From 1970 to 1996, Kurt Masurwas Gewandhauskapellmeister, and he and the orchestra made a number of recordings for the Philips label. From 1998 to 2005, Herbert Blomstedtheld the same position, and they in turn made several recordings for the Decca label.
Riccardo Chaillytook over as both Gewandhauskapellmeister and music director of the Leipzig Opera. They have released recordings on the Decca label of Felix Mendelssohn, Johannes Brahms, and the Robert Schumannsymphonies in the re-orchestrations by Gustav Mahler.
Music director (Gewandhauskapellmeister)
*1996-"present" Kurt Masur
*2005-"present" Herbert Blomstedt
*cite book | last=Bowen | first=José Antonio | coauthors= | title=The Cambridge Companion to Conducting |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=IyybWtv0Zw0C&dq | location=New York | publisher=Cambridge University Press | year=2003 | isbn=0521527910
*cite book | last=Kevorkian | first=Tanya | title=Baroque Piety: Religion, Society, and Music in Leipzig, 1650-1750 | location=Hampshire | publisher=Ashgate | year=2007| isbn=978-0-7546-5490-2
* [http://www.gewandhausorchester.de/ Gewandhausorchester Leipzig official website]
* [http://www.chkr-gho.de/gewandhausorchester/index_g2.htm Gewandhausorchester Leipzig]
* [http://music.barnesandnoble.com/search/artistbio.asp?z=y&CTR=25575 Gewandhausorchester Leipzig] at
Barnes & Noble
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Leipzig — View over Augustusplatz … Wikipedia
Gewandhaus — For other buildings called Gewandhaus , see cloth hall. Gewandhaus is a concert hall in Leipzig, Germany. Today s hall is the third to bear this name; like the second, it is noted for its fine acoustics. The first Gewandhaus was built in 1781 by… … Wikipedia
Leipzig Opera — Oper Leipzig Oper Leipzig Sideview … Wikipedia
Orchestra — For other uses, see Orchestra (disambiguation). The Jalisco Philharmonic Orchestra An orchestra is a sizable instrumental ensemble that contains sections of string, brass, woodwind, and percussion instruments. The term orchestra derives from the… … Wikipedia
Leipzig — Located in the German province of Saxony, the city prospered from trade from the 12th century and became an important intellectual center through the growing prestige of the University of Leipzig (founded 1409). Gregorian chant, sponsored… … Historical dictionary of sacred music
Leipzig — /luyp sig, sik/; Ger. /luyp tsik/, n. a city in E central Germany. 563,980. Also, Leipsic /luyp sik/. * * * City (pop., 2002 est.: 493,052), east central Germany. Situated in western Saxony state, it was in the 11th century a fortified town known … Universalium
Gewandhaus Leipzig — Das Konzertgebäude Gewandhaus in Leipzig und zwei ebenfalls Gewandhaus genannte Vorgängerbauten an anderer Stelle sind seit 1781 Heimstätte des Gewandhausorchesters Leipzig. Zum Konzerthaus gehören ebenso der Gewandhausorganist, der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gewandhaus zu Leipzig — Das Konzertgebäude Gewandhaus in Leipzig und zwei ebenfalls Gewandhaus genannte Vorgängerbauten an anderer Stelle sind seit 1781 Heimstätte des Gewandhausorchesters Leipzig. Zum Konzerthaus gehören ebenso der Gewandhausorganist, der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gewandhaus (Leipzig) — Logo des Gewandhauses zu Leipzig. Das Konzertgebäude Gewandhaus in Leipzig und zwei ebenfalls Gewandhaus genannte Vorgängerbauten an anderer Stelle sind seit 1781 Heimstätte des Gewandhausorchesters. Zum Konzerthaus gehören ebenso der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Oper Leipzig — is an opera house and opera company in Leipzig, Germany.The Leipzig Opera traces its establishment to the year 1693, making it the third opera venue in Europe after La Fenice (Venice, Italy) and the Hamburg State Opera (Hamburg, Germany). The… … Wikipedia