Temporary Assistance for Needy Families


Temporary Assistance for Needy Families

Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF, often pronounced "TAN-if") is the United States of America's federal assistance program, commonly known as “welfare”. It began on July 1, 1997, and succeeded the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program, providing cash assistance to indigent American families with dependent children through the United States Department of Health and Human Services. Before 1996, eligibility was determined by the federal government, which administered the program. Now, states are given grants to run their own programs.

TANF was created by the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act instituted under President Bill Clinton in 1996. There is a maximum of 60 months of benefits within one's lifetime (some states instituted shorter periods) and there is a component requiring clients to attempt to find employment. Unmarried minor parents have to live with a responsible adult or guardian. Paternity of children must be established in order to receive benefits. These requirements have led to massive drops in the number of people receiving cash benefits, but there has been no apparent reduction in the national poverty rate, or increase in the poverty rate, for that matter.Fact|date=June 2007 The act aims to get people off the temporary assistance, primarily by getting them into jobs.

The purposes of the TANF program as described in section 401 of the Social Security Act are as follows:

#provide assistance to needy families so that children may be cared for in their own homes or in the homes of relatives;
#end the dependence of needy parents on government benefits by promoting job preparation, work, and marriage;
#prevent and reduce the incidence of out-of-wedlock pregnancies and establish annual numerical goals for preventing and reducing the incidence of these pregnancies; and
#encourage the formation and maintenance of two-parent families.

TANF sets forward the following work requirements necessary for benefits:

#Recipients (with few exceptions) must work as soon as they are job ready or no later than two years after coming on assistance.
#Single parents are required to participate in work activities for at least 30 hours per week. Two-parent families must participate in work activities 35 or 55 hours a week, depending upon circumstances.
#Failure to participate in work requirements can result in a reduction or termination of benefits to the family.
#States, in FY 2004, have to ensure that 50 percent of all families and 90 percent of two-parent families are participating in work activities. If a state reduces its caseload, without restricting eligibility, it can receive a caseload reduction credit. This credit reduces the minimum participation rates the state must achieve.

As of 2006, the initial program has expired but Congress has reauthorized the program under the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005. The reauthorization has changed some of the requirements of the program, both for clients and for state administrators of the program.

ee also

* Administration for Children and Families
* Federal assistance in the United States

External links

* [http://www.acf.hhs.gov/opa/fact_sheets/tanf_factsheet.html TANF Fact Sheet at HHS]
* [http://www.yaleeconomicreview.com/issues/spring2005/welfarereform.php Welfare Reform and Single Mothers (Yale Economic Review)]
* [http://www.opencrs.com/document/96-902/ Congressional Research Service Report on TANF]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Temporary Assistance to Needy Families — [Temporary Assistance to Needy Families] (abbr TANF) a US government programme that provides financial help for poor families with children. It is run by the US Department of Health and Human Services, and each state receives a certain amount of… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Temporary Assistance to Needy Families — (abbr TANF) a US government programme that provides financial help for poor families with children. It is run by the US Department of Health and Human Services, and each state receives a certain amount of money. * * * …   Universalium

  • Aid to Families with Dependent Children — (AFDC) was the name of a federal assistance program in effect from 1935 to 1997, [ [http://www.pbs.org/pov/pov2001/takeitfromme/abouttheissues.html PBS.org] , Timeline of National Welfare Reform] which was administered by the United States… …   Wikipedia

  • General Assistance — (also known as General Relief) is a term used in the United States to denote welfare programs that benefit adults without dependents (single persons, or less commonly, childless married couples) as opposed to families with children, who receive… …   Wikipedia

  • Administration for Children and Families — Administration for Children Families Agency overview Agency executive David Hansell, Assistant Secretary (Acting) Parent agency United States Department of Health and Human Services Website http://ww …   Wikipedia

  • Administration of federal assistance in the United States — In the United States of America, Federal assistance, also known as federal aid, federal benefits, or federal funds, is defined as any federal program, project, service, and activity provided by the U.S. federal government that directly assists or …   Wikipedia

  • Federal Medical Assistance Percentages — (FMAP) are the percentage rates used to determine the amount of matching funds that are allocated annually to certain medical and social service programs in the United States of America. FMAP eligible programs are joint federal state partnerships …   Wikipedia

  • Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children — The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (known as WIC) is a Federal assistance program of the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) for healthcare and nutrition… …   Wikipedia

  • Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program — SNAP logo The United States Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP),[1] historically and commonly known as the Food Stamp Program, is a federal assistance program that provides assistance to low and no income people …   Wikipedia

  • TANF — Temporary Assistance for Needy Families …   Medical dictionary


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.