Kineshma


Kineshma

Kineshma ( _ru. Кинешма) is the second largest town in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia. The town had 95,233 inhabitants as of the 2002 Census. It sprawls for some fifteen kilometres along the Volga River.

Kineshma was first noticed as a "posad" in 1429. In 1504, Ivan III gave it to Prince Feodor Belsky, who escaped to Moscow from Lithuania and married Ivan's niece. Later on, Ivan the Terrible gave Kineshma to Ivan Petrovich Shuisky, but after the latter's death it was returned to the tsar in 1587. In the 16th and 17th centuries, Kineshma was a major fishing centre, which supplied sturgeons for the tsar's table. In 1608, it was twice ravaged by the Poles. Throughout its history, Kineshma belonged to different Russian regions, including Arkhangelsk province, Yaroslavl province, and Kostroma guberniya. Since the 18th century, the town's main industry has been textile manufacturing. Like all the textile centres in Russia, the town's prosperity declined after the perestroika.

Kineshma's principal landmark is the Trinity Cathedral, built in 1838–1845 to a typical Neoclassical design. There are also several 18th-century churches in the town. The neighbourhoods of Kineshma contain estates and museums of Alexander Ostrovsky, Alexander Borodin, and Fyodor Bredikhin.

ister City

*flagicon|Finland Vantaa, Finland.

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Kineshma — Stadt Kineschma Кинешма Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kineshma — Original name in latin Kineshma Name in other language KINESHMA, Kinechma, Kineixma, Kineschma, Kineshima, Kineshma, Kinesjma, Kinesma, Kineszma, Kinema, Kinema, Kinema, Kinema, Kneixma, Kneshma, ji nie shen ma, kineshima, kinesima, kinesyuma,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Kineshma — /kee nish meuh/; Russ. /kyee nyi shmeuh/, n. a city in the NW Russian Federation in Europe, NW of Nizhni Novgorod. 101,000. * * * ▪ Russia       city, Ivanovo oblast (region), western Russia, on the Volga River. Founded in the 16th century, the… …   Universalium

  • Kineshma — geographical name city central Russia in Europe NE of Moscow population 104,000 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Kineshma — Ki•nesh•ma [[t]ˈki nɪʃ mə[/t]] n. geg a city in the NW Russian Federation in Europe, NW of Nizhni Novgorod. 101,000 …   From formal English to slang

  • Kineshma — /kee nish meuh/; Russ. /kyee nyi shmeuh/, n. a city in the NW Russian Federation in Europe, NW of Nizhni Novgorod. 101,000 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gorod Kineshma — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Gorod Kineshma Country and Admin Code RU.21.825092 RU …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Кинешма — (Kineshma)Kineshma, промышленный город и речной порт в Европейской части России, на р.Волга, к С. З. от г.Нижний Новгород; 105000 жителей (1990). Лесная и текстильная промышленность …   Страны мира. Словарь

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