Gastein Convention

Gastein Convention

In diplomacy, the Gastein Convention, also called the Convention of Badgastein, a treaty signed at Bad Gastein in Austria on August 20, 1865[1], embodied agreements between the two principal powers of the German Confederation, Prussia and Austria, over the governing of the provinces of Schleswig and Holstein. The two powers faced the issue of governing the two provinces when the Treaty of Vienna caused Denmark's cession of the Duchies of Schleswig, Holstein, and Saxe-Lauenburg to Prussia and Austria after the Second War of Schleswig on October 30, 1864. The Peace of Prague in 1866 confirmed Denmark's cession of the two duchies but promised a plebiscite to decide whether north Schleswig wished to return to Danish rule. This provision was unilaterally set aside by a resolution of Prussia and Austria in 1878. Both duchies were to be admitted to the Zollverein (German Customs Union), headed by Prussia, though Austria was not a member.[1]

The eleven articles of the agreement covered:

  • abandoning the shared administration (condominium) of Schleswig and Holstein
  • Prussian control of Schleswig
  • Austrian control of Holstein (which was sandwiched between Schleswig to the north and Prussian territory to the south)[1]
  • the Prussian crown purchasing Austria's right to Lauenburg
  • Prussian transit rights through Holstein to Schleswig
  • Prussian rights to construct a canal and a telegraph-line through Holstein to Schleswig
  • setting up a German Confederation Navy
  • designating a headquarters for the proposed navy at Kiel in Holstein under Prussian sovereignty
  • designating Rendsburg as a Confederation fortress

The Gastein Convention collapsed due to the efforts of Prussian Chancellor Otto von Bismarck to provoke a war with Austria as well as to eliminate Austria from the German Confederation. These efforts led to the outbreak of the Austro-Prussian War, also known as the Seven Weeks' War, in June 1866.


  1. ^ a b c Convention of Gastein Encyclopedia Brittanica Online

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GASTEIN (CONVENTION DE) — GASTEIN CONVENTION DE (1865) Signée le 14 août 1865, la convention de Gastein devait régler le statut des duchés de Lauenburg, de Schleswig et du Holstein, enlevés au Danemark à la suite de la guerre de 1864 menée par la Prusse et l’Autriche au… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gastein, Convention of — (Aug. 20, 1865) Agreement between Austria and Prussia following their seizure of the duchies of Schleswig and Holstein from Denmark in 1864. The pact provided that Prussia was to administer Schleswig, Austria was to administer Holstein, and the… …   Universalium

  • convention — /keuhn ven sheuhn/, n. 1. a meeting or formal assembly, as of representatives or delegates, for discussion of and action on particular matters of common concern. 2. U.S. Politics. a representative party assembly to nominate candidates and adopt… …   Universalium

  • Convention de Gastein — La convention de Gastein est signée le 14 août 1865 par l Autriche et la Prusse à Bad Gastein, en Autriche. Elle vise à résoudre l affaire des duchés de Schleswig et de Holstein, cédés conjointement aux deux pays par le Danemark après la guerre… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bad Gastein — Blason inconnu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Germany — /jerr meuh nee/, n. a republic in central Europe: after World War II divided into four zones, British, French, U.S., and Soviet, and in 1949 into East Germany and West Germany; East and West Germany were reunited in 1990. 84,068,216; 137,852 sq.… …   Universalium

  • Badgastein — ▪ Austria also called  Gastein,         town in the Gastein Valley of west central Austria, on the Gasteiner Ache (river). Its radioactive thermal springs have been visited since the 13th century, and royal and other eminent patrons brought it… …   Universalium

  • Otto von Bismarck — Not to be confused with Otto Christian Archibald von Bismarck. Otto von Bismarck Otto von Bismarck in August 1890 1st Chancellor of the German Empire …   Wikipedia

  • Chronology for the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914 —  Cross references to entries in the main entry section are in boldface.  1. Napoleonic Wars, 1800 1815  1799–1804: The Consulate ends the France’s revolutionary period. A dictatorship by Napoleon  Bonaparte with the formal trappings of a republic …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Austro-Prussian War — (Seven Weeks War) Part of the wars of German unification Battle of Königgrätz …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.