- John Cornwell (writer)
John Cornwell (born 1940) is an English journalist and author. He is best known for various books on the
Papacy, most notably " Hitler's Pope". More recently he has been concerned with the relationship between scienceand the humanities.
John Cornwell was born in London, the son of Sidney Arthur Cornwell and Kathleen Egan Cornwell.
Cornwell entered the junior seminary, Cotton College, in 1953 as a candidate for the priesthood, and proceeded to the senior seminary Oscott College, Sutton Coldfield, in 1958.
After leaving the seminary, in the 1960s Cornwell studied at Oxford and Cambridge, graduating in 1964 in English Language and Literature. After studying at Christ's College, Cambridge, as a graduate student, he taught in London schools, and at McMaster University, Ontario. His first two books were novels: The Spoiled Priest, and Seven Other Demons.
In 1973 he published a critical biography of
Samuel Taylor Coleridge, "Coleridge, poet and revolutionary (1772–1804).
"A Thief in the Night"
His 1989 book "A Thief in the Night" investigates the 1978 death of
Pope John Paul I, which was surrounded by conspiracy theories. Though Cornwell sharply criticized Vatican prelates, he concluded that the Pope was not murdered but died of a pulmonary embolism, possibly brought on by overwork and neglect.
In 1999, Cornwell published "
Hitler's Pope", in which he accuses Pope Pius XIIof assisting in the legitimization of the Nazi regime in Germany through the pursuit of a Reichskonkordatin 1933 and of remaining silent during the Holocaust.
Five years after the publication of "Hitler's Pope", Cornwell had somewhat modified his views: "I would now argue, in the light of the debates and evidence following "Hitler's Pope", that Pius XII had so little scope of action that it is impossible to judge the motives for his silence during the war, while Rome was under the heel of Mussolini and later occupied by Germany." [Economist, Dec. 9, 2004.]
In 2004, Cornwell followed up "Hitler's Pope" with "Hitler's Scientists".
In the same year, Cornwell published "A Pontiff in Winter", a work highly critical of
Pope John Paul II. The book has been criticized as "a hatchet job" [Damian Thompson, " [http://www.telegraph.co.uk/arts/main.jhtml?xml=/arts/2004/11/14/bocor14.xml&sSheet=/arts/2004/11/14/bomain.html Is he on the side of the angels?] ", "Daily Telegraph", 14 November 2004.]
In 2006, he published his autobiography, titled "Seminary Boy".
cience and humanities
Cornwell is also Director of the "Science and Human Dimension Project" at
Jesus College, Cambridge. In this capacity he criticized "reductionist brain science" for "its failure even to mention, let alone give an account of, human imagination". [Chris McGillion, " [http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2003/04/28/1051381900365.html Religion versus science might be all in the mind] , "smh.com.au", April 29, 2003.]
In 2006 and 2007, he criticized
Richard Dawkinsand his book " The God Delusion" for its extremist tone as well as for lapses in logic, imagination and understanding. [John Cornwell, " [http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/article1264152.ece A Christmas thunderbolt for the arch-enemy of religion] ". "Times Online", December 24, 2006.] [John Cornwell, " [http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2007/aug/30/religion.uk The importance of doubt] ", "The Guardian", August 30, 2007.] Cornwell followed up these articles with his book Darwin's Angel, published in 2007.
* "Coleridge, poet and revolutionary (1772–1804). A critical biography" (1973)
*"A Thief in the Night: The Mysterious Death of Pope John Paul I" (1989)
*"Hitler's Scientists: Science, War, and the Devil's Pact" (2004)
*"A Pontiff in Winter" (2004)
*"Seminary Boy: A Memoir" (2006)
Darwin's Angel" (2007)
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