Manresa


Manresa
Manresa
—  Municipality  —

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Manresa is located in Catalonia
Manresa
Location in Catalonia
Coordinates: 41°43′46″N 1°49′38″E / 41.72944°N 1.82722°E / 41.72944; 1.82722Coordinates: 41°43′46″N 1°49′38″E / 41.72944°N 1.82722°E / 41.72944; 1.82722
Country  Spain
Community  Catalonia
Province Barcelona
Comarca Bages
Government
 - Mayor Valentí Junyent
Area
 - Total 41.66 km2 (16.1 sq mi)
Elevation 238 m (781 ft)
Population (2009)
 - Total 76,558
 - Density 1,837.7/km2 (4,759.6/sq mi)
Demonym Manresà
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website Official website

Manresa (Catalan pronunciation: [mənˈrɛzə]) is the capital of the Comarca of Bages, located in the geographic centre of Catalonia, Spain, and crossed by the river Cardener. It is an industrial area with textile, metallurgical, and glass industries. The houses of Manresa are arranged around the basilica of Santa María de la Seo.[1] Saint Ignatius of Loyola stopped to pray in the town on his way back from Montserrat in 1522. He also read in solitude in the town for a year, which contributed to the formulation of his Spiritual Exercises. As such, the town is a place of pilgrimage for Catholics.

It is believed the comarcal name "Bages" comes from a corruption of the Latin "Bacchus" due to the extensive production of wine in the area. The wine was grown mainly in terraced vineyards, and many of these old terraces can be seen today. Wine ceased to be the main product of the area as a consequence of phylloxera, but is still a very important part of the Manresa/Bages economy.

During the Napoleonic invasion, the volunteer troops of Manresa (sometent in Catalan) defeated the French troops in the Bruch Pass (June 1808), but the retreating French burned and demolished much of the town. After the expulsion of Napoleon's troops, Manresans rebuilt the town using the rubble.

Contents

Jewish history

The Santa Cova, where St. Ignatius stayed during his time in Manresa

In the 12th century Manresa was said to have contained 500 Jewish families, most of whom lived in a narrow lane called "Grau dels Jueus," near the town hall; their cemetery, still called "Fossana dels Jueus," was outside the city. In the 13th and 14th centuries the Jews there were engaged in manufacturing, trading (including slaves), money-lending (at the rate of 20 per cent, the usual interest at that time), and in the cultivation of their vineyards and estates.

The hostility of the Christians towards the Jews, which prevailed throughout Catalonia, was also manifested in Manresa. In 1325 the Christian inhabitants of the town tried to prevent the Jews from baking their Passover bread, so that the latter were obliged to appeal to the King for protection. The Jews in Manresa did not escape the general persecution of 1391, and many of them professed to accept Christianity.

After 1414 comparatively few Jews remained in the town, and in 1492 they sold their property for whatever they could get, and left the country. At the beginning of the 15th century Manresa had 30,000 inhabitants; three centuries later it contained barely one-fifth of that number. Several members of the Zabarra (Sabara) family[who?] lived in Manresa. The town is not mentioned in the "Shebeṭ Yehudah."[clarification needed]

Main sights

Three bridges cross the Cardener River. The 14th-century basilica of Santa Maria de la Seu stands on a rock above the oldest bridge.La Seu is the principal monument of Manresa. The church we can see today was designed by Berenguer de Montagut who also designed the Santa Maria del Mar in Barcelona.The architectural style is characteristic of Catalan Gothic. The work began in 1325, but the church was not finished until the end of the 15th century.[2]. The municipal museum is housed in the cloisters of the 17th-century church of Sant Ignasi. Below this church is the cave in which St. Ignatius Loyola is said to have prayed and meditated.

Culture

  • Manresa is home to a music conservatoire.
  • Also home to the Assignia Manresa basketball team
    • Won the Korac Cup 1987-1988, 1994-1995, 1995-1996, 1997-1998 and the Euroleague 1988-1989.[3]

Economy

Industry in the town covers textile-making, metallurgy, and glass manufacture.

Places borrowing the name

  • Because of the town's association with St. Ignatius, the novitiate house of the English province of the Jesuits is called Manresa House. Formerly in Roehampton in the London suburbs, it is now in Birmingham.
  • SEARSOLIN, the extension/outreach research center of Xavier University - Ateneo de Cagayan, is also called the Manresa complex.
  • Manresa School takes its name from the town of Manresa, because Saint Candida Maria de Jesus, the foundress of the congregation that runs the school, is influenced by Ignatian spirituality.

Major events

The Fira Mediterrania in Manresa is held the first complete weekend in November every year. It is the main meeting point and trade fair of the mediterranean world, folk and roots artists with distributers, organisers, agencies, labels, export offices, instrument makers and dealers, journalists and other professionals.

Twin towns

Influential Documents

  • In 1892 the Unió Catalanista, a confederation of Catalan centres approved the Bases de Manresa (Manresa Bases) the first draft statute of self-government for Catalonia and laid the essential conditions for a Catalan Regional Constitution.
  • Bases propostions included:
    • Catalan should be the sole official language in Catalonia
    • Public order be under the jurisdiction of the Catalan government exclusively, which should also control finance and taxation
    • Catalans only should be eligible for public office in Catalonia
    • Military service ( from which the upper class could buy exemption) was to be replaced by a volunteer corps
    • As prior to 1714, there should be no appeal from decisions of the Catalan high court.
  • The Bases also called for the composition of a Catalan Parliament, which was to be elected by ‘all heads of family, grouped together in classes based on manual work, tehnical skill or professional careers and on property, industry and commerce, as far as possible through the corresponding guild organizations’
  • The 1408 Liber Manifesti of Manresa is an influential historical document that lets us peer into Renaissance practice of slavery.
  • The Liber Manifesti consistently designates slaves as distinct from other servants and provides us with basic but prior elusive figures like the total number of slaves in the town, the proportion of slaves to free people, the percentage of households who owned slaves, the proportion of women and children amongst slaves, and the market value of female, male, and child slaves. [4]

Manresa Town Hall

  • Original building dates back to the 19th century.
  • Remodeling was needed due to the old building's impractical use in Modern times.
  • At the end of 2004, a competition was held to remodel the building with the aim of easing its disabled circulation.
  • Barcelona-based Add + Arquitectura was selected and the project was completed in in 2008.
  • Add partners Manuel Bailo and Rosa Rull were responsible for the design.
  • Bailo and Rull's key move was to partly demolish and extend the rear south-west wall of the town hall in order to implant a new circulation core
  • The front of the building maintained its traditional structure but at the rear of the building, the elevator and staircase are encased in a "cubist cacoon".[5]

References

  1. ^ Ven. "Tourism in Manresa". Turespaña. http://www.spain.info/en/ven/otros-destinos/manresa.html. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  2. ^ "Monuments and Places of Interest". Adjuntament de Manresa. http://manresaturisme.cat/eng/la-ciutat/monuments-i-indrets/basilica-de-santa-maria-de-la-seu. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  3. ^ "Assignia Manresa Basketball Team". Eurobasket Inc.. http://www.eurobasket.com/team.asp?Cntry=Spain&Team=318&Page=5. Retrieved 20 April 2011. 
  4. ^ Fynn-Paul, Jeffrey (December 2008). "Tartars in Spain: renaissance slavery in the Catalan city of Manresa, c.1408.". Journal of Medieval History 34 (4): 347–359. doi:10.1016/j.jmedhist.2008.09.006. 
  5. ^ Slessor, Catherine (April 2009). "030". Architectural Review 225 (1346): p060-067. 

External links



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