Lakan originally referred to a rank in the pre-hispanic Filipino nobility which means "paramount ruler." It has been suggested that this rank is equivalent to that of Rajah, and that different ethnic groups either used one term or the other, or used the two words interchangeably. [Scott, William Henry, Barangay: Sixteenth-Century Philippine Culture and Society, Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press, 1994.] tl icon [ Buhay Sa Nayon] ]

Today, the term is still occasionally used to mean "nobleman", but has mostly been adapted to other uses. In Filipino Martial Arts, Lakan denotes an equivalent to the black belt rank.] Also, beauty contests in the Philippines have taken to referring to the winner as "Lakambini", the female equivalent of Lakan. In such cases, the contestant's assigned escort can be referred to as a Lakan. More often, a male pageant winner is named a Lakan.]


The title Lakan can be spelled separately from a person's name (e.g. "Lakan Dula"), or can be incorporated into a singly spelled word (e.g. "Lakandula").

Gat and Lakan. "Lakan" and "Gat" are often used interchangably, since Gat (from the word "Pamagat", meaning "Title") refers to a person as a member of the nobility in general. Thus, someone like Lakandula is also named Gatdula.

Rajah and Lakan. It is sometimes argued that since the words Rajah and Lakan mean more or less the same thing, the two should not be used together. Thus, popular reference to Rajah Lakandula are said to be the result of mistaking Lakandula to be the full proper name of the historic chieftain.

Prominent Lakans

Users of the title Lakan that figure in 16th and 17th century Spanish colonial accounts of Philippine History include:
*Lakandula, later renamed Don Carlos Lacandola, the tribal chief of Tondo, when the Spanish colonization of the Philippine Islands had began.
*Lacatagcan, the greatest ruler of the Kingdom of Namayan.

In popular culture

The name of Malacañang Palace, the official residence of the President of the Republic of the Philippines, is traditionally attributed to the phrase "ma-lakan-iyan", or "where the chief [or head] resided".cite book |title=Bonifacio's Bolo |last=Ocampo |first=Ambeth |authorlink=Ambeth Ocampo |year=1995 |publisher=Anvil Publishing Inc. |location=Pasig City |chapter=Inside Malacañang |isbn=971-27-0418-1 |pages=122 ]

See also

*History of the Philippines (pre-1521)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • lakan — s ( et, lakan) HEMINRED/VARD äv. vard. tusenkronorssedel …   Clue 9 Svensk Ordbok

  • lakan — lakay, laka(y)n obs. ff. lackey, lakin1 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Magat Salamat — Prince of Tondo Reign 1575 – 1589 Predecessor Rajah Sulaiman III Successor Rajahnate abolished Royal House …   Wikipedia

  • Dulay — (pronounced doo leh) (also Dulai or Duley) is one of the many last names of early Jatt tribes that played an important historical role in Sikh history.[1] Dulay is a clan of the Jat people originating from the Punjab state of India. Dulay is… …   Wikipedia

  • Rajah Lakandula — Rajah LakandulaFact|date=February 2008 ) or Lakan Dula ( Lakan is the Kapampangan equivalent of Rajah, derived from borrowed Mongol term KhanFact|date=October 2007) was the native tribal chief of Tundun (a large area covering most of what is now… …   Wikipedia

  • Ancient Tondo — The Laguna Copperplate Inscription (900 A.D.) right|frame|Laguna Copperplate Inscription (circa 900 AD) The first reference to Tondo occurs in the Philippines oldest historical record the Laguna Copperplate Inscription (LCI). This legal document …   Wikipedia

  • History of Basilan — Pre Hispanic TaguimaBasilan s earliest settlers were the Orang Dampuans originating from the islands of Eastern Indonesia, who were the ancestors of the native Yakans. They are variously called the Orang Dyaks or the Tagihamas.The Yakans, an… …   Wikipedia

  • Rapid arnis — is a Filipino martial art originally founded by Pat O Malley and John Harvey in 1993.HistoryPat O Malley and John Harvey founded the Rapid Arnis systems after years of experience with other Filipino styles, principally: Modern Arnis, Inayan… …   Wikipedia

  • Mount Kiligantian — Mount Kinigantian or Kiligantian, (Bundok Kinigantian or Kiligantian) is a mountain in the island of Luzon, the Philippines. Standing at 2,306 meters, it is the tallest mountain in the province of Nueva Ecija, near Central Luzon. Mount… …   Wikipedia

  • Basilan — Infobox Philippine province name = Basilan sealfile = ph seal basilan.png|100px region = Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) capital = Isabela City (Zamboanga Peninsula) founded = December 27, 1973 pop2000 = 496,503 pop2000rank = 20th… …   Wikipedia