Election of Christian III


Election of Christian III

The election of Christian III as king of Denmark and Norway on 4 July 1534 was a landmark event for all of Denmark and Norway. It took place in the church in the town of Rye, eastern Jutland, where the Jutlandic nobility elected Prince Christian, son of king Frederick I and Duke of Slesvig and Holsten, as king. This brought about the Count's Feud (the civil war of 1534-36) and later also led to the implementation of the Protestant Reformation in Denmark and Norway. Christian was a zealous Protestant who had witnessed the defence of Martin Luther at the Diet of Worms, and he had already carried out the Reformation in the Duchies of Slesvig and Holsten.

Christian's views made it difficult to gain the support of a majority of the Council of the Realm as most noblemen and, of course, the bishops would rather see a Roman Catholic king on the throne and hence preferred his younger brother. Among the supporters of Christian were Mogens Gøye, Steward of the Realm, and he was among the originators of the meeting in Rye Church between eight Jutlandic members of the Council and the four Jutlandic bishops. Members of the lesser nobility had also turned up – presumably on Gøye's initiative – but had to stay outside the church. The lengthy discussion about the election eventually made them lose patience, and they forced their way into the church and demanded to know who opposed the election of Prince Christian. After that, the opponents finally gave up. Bishop Bille of Aarhus cried wept when he signed the request for the Protestant Duke to become king, realising that it would mean his own downfall.

Although hesitant, Christian accepted the election and was cheered at a meeting in Horsens on 18 August 1534 where he declared that he would, like his predecessors, sign a "håndfæstning" (charter), although with a reform of ecclesiastical affairs, i.e. the implementation of the Protestant Reformation in Denmark and Norway.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Christian III of Denmark — Christian III King of Denmark Reign 1534–1559 Coronation 12 August 1537, Copenhagen Predecessor …   Wikipedia

  • Christian VIII of Denmark — Christian Frederick redirects here. For other uses, see Christian Frederick (disambiguation). Christian VIII King of Denmark Reign 1839–184 …   Wikipedia

  • Christian, Prince-Elect of Denmark — Christian Prince Elect of Denmark and Norway Spouse Magdalene Sibylle of Saxony House House of Oldenburg Father …   Wikipedia

  • Christian right — Part of a series on Conservatism …   Wikipedia

  • Christian Estrosi — Christian Estrosi, en 2009. Mandats Maire de Nice …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Christian Heritage Party of New Zealand — Christian Heritage New Zealand Leader Graham Capill (1990 2003) Ewen McQueen (2003 2006) President Nik Gregg (2003 2006) …   Wikipedia

  • Christian Ier De Danemark — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Christian Ier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Christian Ier de Danemark - Maison d'Oldenbourg — Christian Ier de Danemark Pour les articles homonymes, voir Christian Ier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Christian ier de danemark — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Christian Ier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Christian Lhopital — est un artiste contemporain français né en 1953 à Lyon où il vit et travaille. Il est représenté par les galeries Polaris (Paris) et Domi Nostrae (Lyon). C est un artiste qui aime les répétitions, les doubles et déclinaisons. Entre l horreur, le… …   Wikipédia en Français