King of Romania

King of Romania

Infobox monarchy
royal_title = King
realm = Romania

type = Constitutional
coatofarms_article = Coat of arms of Romania

incumbent = Mihai I
his/her = His
first_monarch = Carol I
heir_apparent = Princess Margarita
date = 1881

King of the Roumanians (in Romanian: "Regele Românilor") [ [ Romanian coins] ] rather than King of Romania (in Romanian: "Regele României") was the official title of the ruler of the Kingdom of Romania from 1881 until 1947 when Romania was proclaimed a republic.

The state had been called the Principality of Roumania (in French "Roumanie") since 1862, after the Ottoman vasal states of Wallachia and Moldavia had been united in 1859 under Alexander Joan Cuza (Alexandru Ioan Cuza) as Prince of Roumania, or Domnitor. Cuza had become the prince of the separate principalities in 1859. He was deposed in 1866 by the Roumanian parliament which then officially oferred the throne of the United Principalities to the German Prince of the Royal family, Carol (Charles) of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, to become the new Prince of Roumania.

Roumania's independence from the Ottoman Empire was recognized in 1878 at the Congress of Berlin; the principality became a sovereign kingdom in 1881, with Prince Carol as King Carol I of Roumania. [ "Reminiscences of the KING OF ROUMANIA", Edited from the original with an Introduction by Sidney Whitman, Authorized edition, Harper& Brothers: New York and London, 1899.]

Romania was a constitutional monarchy for most of its existence as a kingdom with the exception of 1938-1944, during the dictatorships of Carol II (1938-1940) and of Marshal Ion Antonescu (1940-1944). On August 23, 1944, King Michael restored the last democratic royal Constitution of 1923. However, during his second reign (1940-1947), King Michael reigned as an unconstitutional king, without an oath on the Constitution and without a vote of the Parliament, initially suspended and reinstated only later, in 1946. Michael was instead crowned [ Fundamental Rules of the Royal Family of Romania] , [ The Romanian Royal Family website] as retrieved on January 9, 2008] and anointed King by the Orthodox Patriarch of Romania, Nicodim Munteanu, in the Patriarchal Cathedral of Bucharest, on the very day of his second accession, September 6, 1940. [ro icon [ "The Joys of Suffering," Volume 2, "Dialogue with a few intellectuals"] , by Rev. Fr. Dimitrie Bejan - [ "Orthodox Advices"] website as of June 9, 2007] Michael, thus, reigned the second time as an absolute, unconstitutional King, solely "by the Grace of God", that is by divine right. However, legally, Michael could not exercise much authority besides some prerogatives such as being the Supreme Head of the Army and designating a plenipotentiary Prime-Minister ("Conducător"). [ro icon Ioan Scurtu, Theodora Stănescu-Stanciu, Georgiana Margareta Scurtu, [ "The History of the Romanians between 1918-1940" ("Istoria românilor între anii 1918–1940")"] , page 280.]

In 1927, King Ferdinand I died, and the country was left in the care of of Prince Mihai I despite Carol (II) being his father. Carol (II), unlike King Carol I, in the beginning had no desire to rule Romania, and was frequently out of the country exploring the rest of Europe with his mistress. Prince Mihai's first term of reign would be short lived at a span of only three years, until his father Carol (II) came back to contest the title at the behest of a dissatisfied political faction that staged a sudden 'coup d'etat'(in spite of the fact that only a few years earlier he has renounced in official documents, written and signed in front of his own father, all his future claims to the throne of Roumania).

After a ten years rule, King Carol II gave up his royal title and all accoutrements attached in order to be able to leave Romania and marry his mistress Elena Lupescu. The couple ultimately settled in Portugal, and the 'playboy king' was never recalled back to Romania.

King Mihai's short years on the throne were about to seem much longer as 1944 brought the Soviet forces close to the East of Romania. Despite being politically aligned with the Allied forces after withdrawing Romania from its alliance with the Nazis (due to the dictator Marshall Ion Antonescu's politics), the Soviet occupation of Romania soon began in 1945. In December 1947 the communists, backed up by the bayonetts and tanks of the Soviet occupying --but called 'liberating'-- armies, announced the abolition of the monarchy, so King Mihai I was forced to abdicate, but was allowed to leave the country.

After the fall of the communist dictatorship in 1989, the former King Mihai I visited Romania to the delight and enthousiastic reception of some of the largest crowds ever recorded in the streets of Bucharest.

List of Kings of the Romanians (1881-1947)

For the list of rulers prior to 1866 see List of rulers of Wallachia, List of rulers of Moldavia and List of rulers of Transylvania. See Presidents of Romania for the list of presidents after 1947.

Although King Michael I of Romania is not the head of state, he continues to speak out on Romanian affairs.


ee also

*History of Romania
*Lists of Incumbents
*Line of succession to the Romanian throne

External links

* [ Official site of the Romanian Royal Family]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Romania during World War II — In June 1941, after a brief period of nominal neutrality under King Carol, Romania joined the Axis Powers. Romania became a member of the Axis under the government of Ion Antonescu. In August 1944, a coup led by King Michael deposed Antonescu… …   Wikipedia

  • King Michael's Coup — refers to the coup d etat led by King Michael of Romania in 1944 against the pro Nazi Romanian faction of Ion Antonescu.The coupOn August 23, 1944, King Michael joined with pro Allied politicians (which included the Communists) and led a… …   Wikipedia

  • ROMANIA — ROMANIA, country in East Central and South East Europe, in the Carpatho Danubian region, north of the Balkan Peninsula, partly on the littoral of the Black Sea. The territory comprising Romania was known as Dacia in antiquity; Jewish tombstones,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • România Mare — (Great Roumania (or possibly Greater Romania ) in a precise translation from the Romanian language into English) has the principal, historic meaning of:* The Kingdom of Roumania under the Roumanian King Ferdinand I , and also its territory… …   Wikipedia

  • King Ferdinand — may refer to:* Ferdinand I of Aragon (1380 1416) * Ferdinand II of Aragon = Ferdinand V of Castile and Leon (1452 1516), Ferdinand the Catholic, King of Aragon, Sicily, and Navarre, first king of united Spain * Ferdinand I of Leon = Ferdinand I… …   Wikipedia

  • Romania — /roh may nee euh, mayn yeuh/, n. a republic in SE Europe, bordering on the Black Sea. 21,399,114; 91,699 sq. mi. (237,500 sq. km). Cap.: Bucharest. Romanian, România /rddaw mu nyah/. * * * Romania Introduction Romania Background: Soviet… …   Universalium

  • România — /rddaw mu nyah/; Eng. /roh may nee euh, mayn yeuh/, n. Romanian name of ROMANIA. * * * Romania Introduction Romania Background: Soviet occupation following World War II led to the formation of a Communist peoples republic in 1947 and the… …   Universalium

  • Romania in World War II — Greatest extent of Romania s territorial control during World War II (1941 1944) …   Wikipedia

  • Romania — This article is about the modern country. For other uses, see Romania (disambiguation). Romania România …   Wikipedia

  • King Edward VI School, Southampton — Infobox Secondary School name =King Edward VI School Southampton native name = logo = motto = Dieu et mon droict (God and my right) established =1553 address = city =Southampton state =Hampshire country = England flagicon|England campus = type… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.