- John Edensor Littlewood
name = John Edensor Littlewood
imagesize = 150px
birth_date = birth date|1885|6|9|mf=y
birth_place = Rochester,
death_date = death date and age|1977|9|6|1885|6|9|mf=y
University of Cambridge
University of Cambridge
Ernest William Barnes
Sarvadaman Chowla Harold Davenport Srinivasa Ramanujan Stanley Skewes Donald C. Spencer
John Edensor Littlewood (
9 June 1885– 6 September 1977) was a British mathematician, best known for his long collaboration with G. H. Hardy.
Littlewood was born in Rochester in
Kent. He attended St Paul's School in London, where he was taught by F. S. Macaulay, now known for his contributions to ideal theory. He studied at Trinity College, Cambridgeand was the Senior Wranglerin the Mathematical Triposof 1905. He was elected a Fellow of Trinity College in 1908 and, apart from three years as Richardson Lecturer in the University of Manchester, his entire career was spent in the University of Cambridge. He was appointed Rouse BallProfessor of Mathematics in 1928, retiring in 1950. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Societyin 1916, awarded the Royal Medalin 1929, the Sylvester Medalin 1943 and the Copley Medalin 1958. He was president of the London Mathematical Societyfrom 1941 to 1943, and was awarded the De Morgan Medalin 1938 and the Senior Berwick Prize in 1960.
Most of his work was in the field of
mathematical analysis. He began research under the supervision of Ernest William Barnes, who suggested that he attempt to prove the Riemann hypothesis: Littlewood showed that if the Riemann hypothesis is true then the Prime Number Theoremfollows and obtained the error term. This work won him his Trinity fellowship.
Littlewood's law, which states that individuals can expect miracles to happen to them, at the rate of about one per month.
He continued to write papers into his eighties, particularly in analytical areas of what would become the theory of
He is also remembered for his book of reminiscences,
A Mathematician's Miscellany(new edition published in 1986).
Among his own Ph. D. students were
Sarvadaman Chowla, Harold Davenportand Donald C. Spencer.
His collaborative work, carried out by correspondence, covered fields in
Diophantine approximationand Waring's problem, in particular. In his other work Littlewood collaborated with Raymond Paleyin Fourier theory, and with Cyril Offordin combinatorial work on random sums, in developments that opened up fields still intensively studied.He worked with Mary Cartwrighton problems in differential equationsarising out of early research on radar: their work foreshadowed the modern theory of dynamical systems. Littlewood's inequalityon bilinear forms was a forerunner of the later Grothendieck tensor normtheory.
He collaborated for many years with
G. H. Hardy. Together they devised the first Hardy-Littlewood conjecture, a strong form of the twin prime conjecture, and the second Hardy-Littlewood conjecture.
In a 1947 lecture, the Danish mathematician
Harald Bohrsaid, "To illustrate to what extent Hardy and Littlewood in the course of the years came to be considered as the leaders of recent English mathematical research, I may report what an excellent colleague once jokingly said: 'Nowadays, there are only three really great English mathematicians: Hardy, Littlewood, and Hardy-Littlewood.'" [cite book
title=Collected Mathematical Works
publisher=Dansk Matematisk Forening
chapter=Looking Backward] Rp|xxvii
There is a story that at a conference Littlewood met a German mathematician who said he was most interested to discover that Littlewood really existed, as he had always assumed that Littlewood was a name used by Hardy for lesser work which he did not want to put out under his own name; Littlewood apparently roared with laughter.Fact|date=September 2007
Hardy-Littlewood circle method
Littlewood's three principles of real analysis
* [http://www.numbertheory.org/obituaries/LMS/littlewood/index.html Papers of Littlewood on Number Theory]
NAME= Littlewood, John Edensor
DATE OF BIRTH=
June 9 1885
PLACE OF BIRTH= Rochester,
DATE OF DEATH=
September 6 1977
PLACE OF DEATH=
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John Edensor Littlewood — Nacimiento 9 de junio de 1885 Rochester, Kent, Reino Unido Fallecimiento 6 de septiembre de 1977 Cambridge, Reino Unido Residencia … Wikipedia Español
John Edensor Littlewood — (Rochester (Kent), 9 juin 1885 – Cambridge, 6 septembre 1977) est un mathématicien anglais. Littlewood a fait ses études au Trinity College (Cambridge) et a été senior wrangler au Tripos de 1905. Il a surtout travaillé en analyse et en théorie… … Wikipédia en Français
John Edensor Littlewood — (* 9. Juni 1885 in Rochester (Kent); † 6. September 1977 in Cambridge) war ein englischer Mathematiker, der vor allem in der Analysis arbeitete. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Wirken 2 Sonstiges 3 Ehrungen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Littlewood , John Edensor — (1885–1977) British mathematician Born at Rochester, Littlewood studied at Cambridge University and in 1907 obtained a lectureship at Manchester. By 1910 he had returned to Cambridge where in 1928 he became Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics. He … Scientists
Littlewood — John Edensor Littlewood John Edensor Littlewood (9 juin 1885–6 septembre 1977) était un mathématicien anglais. Littlewood est né a Rochester dans le Kent. Il a fait ses études à Cambridge. Il a surtout travaillé en analyse. Il a commencé ses… … Wikipédia en Français
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