- British New Wave
The British New Wave is the name given to a trend in filmmaking among directors in Britain in the late 1950s and early 1960s. The label is a translation of "Nouvelle Vague", the French term first applied to the films of
François Truffaut, Jean-Luc Godardand others.
There is considerable overlap with the so-called "
Angry Young Men", those artistes in British theatreand filmsuch as playwright John Osborneand director Tony Richardson, who challenged the social "status quo". Their work drew attention to the reality of life for the working classes, especially in the North of England, often characteriszed as "It's grim up north". This particular type of drama, centred around class and the nitty-gritty of day-to-day life, was also known as the kitchen sink drama.
The New Wave was characterised by many of the same stylistic and thematic conventions as the earlier French New Wave. Usually in black-and-white, these films had a spontaneous quality, often shot in a pseudo-documentary (or "
cinéma vérité") style on real locations and with real people rather than extras, apparently capturing life as it happens.
Influence of writers and short film makers
Like the French New Wave, where many of the filmmakers began as film critics and journalists, in Britain critical writing about the state of British cinema began in the 1950s and foreshadowed some of what was to come. Amongst this group of critic/documentary film makers was
Lindsay Andersonwho was a prominent critic writing for the influential "Sequence" magazine (1947-52), which he co-founded with Gavin Lambertand Karel Reisz(later a prominent director); writing for the British Film Institute's journal " Sight and Sound" and the left-wing political weekly the " New Statesman". In one of his early and most well-known polemical pieces, "Stand Up, Stand Up", he outlined his theories of what British cinema should become.
Following a series of screenings which he organized at the
National Film Theatreof independently-produced short films including his own " Every Day Except Christmas" (about the Covent Gardenfruit and vegetable market), Karel Reisz's " Momma Don't Allow" and others, he developed a philosophy of cinema which found expression in what became known as the Free Cinema Movementin Britain by the late-1950s. This was the belief that the cinema must break away from its class-bound attitudes and that the working classes ought to be seen on Britain's screens.
Along with Karel Reisz,
Tony Richardson, and others he secured funding from a variety of sources (including Ford of Britain) and they each made a series of socially challenging short documentaries on a variety of subjects.
These films, made in the tradition of British documentaries in the 1930s by such men as
John Grierson, foreshadowed much of the social realism of British cinema which emerged in the 1960s with Anderson's own film " This Sporting Life", Reisz's "Saturday Night and Sunday Morning", and Richardson's " The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner".
By 1964, the cycle was essentially over. Tony Richardson's "Tom Jones",
Richard Lester's "A Hard Day's Night" and the early James Bondmovies ushered in a new era for British cinema, focusing less on realism and social issues, and more on light comedy and escapism.
* "Look Back in Anger" (1958)
* "Room at the Top" (1959)
* "Saturday Night and Sunday Morning" (1960)
* "A Taste of Honey" (1961)
* "A Kind of Loving" (1962)
The Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner" (1962)
* "Billy Liar" (1963)
This Sporting Life" (1963)
* "Tom Jones" (1963)
* " A Hard Day's Night" (1964)
The Knack …and How to Get It" (1965)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
British New Wave — bezeichnet einen Filmstil, der hervorgegangen ist aus Filmen junger britischer Regisseure vom Ende der 1950er bis frühen Mitte der 1960er Jahre. Die Filme entstanden ungefähr zeitgleich mit dem Aufkommen der französischen Nouvelle Vague, und die… … Deutsch Wikipedia
New Wave science fiction — New Wave is a term applied to science fiction produced in the 1960s and 1970s and characterized by a high degree of experimentation, both in form and in content, a literary or artistic sensibility, and a focus on soft as opposed to hard science.… … Wikipedia
New Wave (science fiction) — New Wave is a term applied to science fiction writing characterized by a high degree of experimentation, both in form and in content, and a highbrow and self consciously literary or artistic sensibility. The term New Wave is borrowed from film… … Wikipedia
New Wave — may refer to: Contents 1 Movements in film 2 Movements in music 3 Albums and songs 4 Other Movements in film … Wikipedia
New Wave music — This article is about the music genre that originated in the 1970s. For other meanings and artistic movements, see New Wave (disambiguation). New Wave Stylistic origins Punk rock, art rock, garage rock … Wikipedia
New Wave of British Heavy Metal — Stylistic origins Heavy metal, punk rock Cultural origins Late 1970s, United Kingdom Typical instruments Vocals – Electric guitar – Bass guitar – Drums Mainstream popu … Wikipedia
New Wave Of British Heavy Metal — Pour les articles homonymes, voir New wave. La New Wave Of British Heavy Metal ou NWOBHM (littéralement « nouvelle vague de heavy metal britannique ») est un mouvement musical associé au heavy metal qui émergea à la fin des années 1970… … Wikipédia en Français
New wave of new wave — Stylistic origins New Wave Punk rock Post punk Mod revival Cultural origins early 1990s, United Kingdom Typical instruments Guitar Bass drums Keyboards … Wikipedia
New Wave of American Heavy Metal — Stylistic origins Heavy metal, groove metal, nu metal, alternative metal, metalcore, thrash metal, death metal, progressive metal Cultural origins Mid 1990s, United States Typical instruments … Wikipedia
New Wave music in Yugoslavia — New Wave in Yugoslavia (Bosnian, Croatian and Slovene: Novi val; Serbian: Нови талас, Novi talas/Novi talas; Macedonian: Нов бран, transl.: Nov bran; all meaning New wave ) was the New Wave music scene of the Socialist Federal Republic of… … Wikipedia