Vice President of the Philippines


Vice President of the Philippines

Infobox Political post
post = Vice President
body = the Philippines
insignia = VPSealPhil.pnginsigniasize = 100px
insigniacaption = Official seal


incumbent = Noli de Castro
formation = March 22, 1897
inaugural = Mariano Trias
website =

The Vice President of the Philippines is the second highest executive official of the Philippine government. The Vice President of the Philippines in Filipino is "Ang Pangalawang Pangulo" or "Pangalawang Pangulo" (or "Bise Presidente" informally), for example "Ang Pangalawang Pangulong Noli L. de Castro". The Vice President is the first in the presidential line of succession. The Vice President also becomes the new President upon the death, resignation, or removal by impeachment and subsequent conviction of the President. The position was temporarily abolished by martial law in 1972, and was restored by amendments to the 1973 Constitution in time for the national "snap" elections of 1986. The subsequent, and present, 1987 Constitution retained the position. The office of the Vice President is located in the PNB Financial Center [ [http://web2.softrigger.com/ovp/site_content.php?sid=40 In the latter half of 2005, the OVP transferred to its current office at the 7th Floor of the Philippine National Bank (PNB) Financial Center along President Diosdado Macapagal Boulevard in Pasay City. The OVP also maintains an office at the 2nd Floor of the PNB Financial Center where the PAD and the Records Unit are housed to be more accessible to the OVP’s national constituency.] ] in Pasay City, Metro Manila.

Description

Unlike the position of Vice-President in the United States, the Vice-President of the Philippines has no official responsibility other than those given by the incumbent President of the Philippines. The traditions governing the position of Vice-President date back to the Philippine Commonwealth, and the first Vice-President, Sergio Osmena (while there was a similarly-named position in governments prior to the First Philippine Republic, the position did not exist under what is considered the first official national government set up in 1898). The tradition is for the Vice-President to be given the highest-ranking cabinet portfolio.

History

Before independence

The first known vice president claiming to be part of a government was Mariano Trias. He was elected during the elections of the Tejeros Convention, and was later elected vice president of the Supreme Council that oversaw negotiations for the Biak na Bato pact in 1897. This Supreme Council had no sovereignty, did not govern any state, and was just used for bargaining with the Spanish. This council was replaced later, with no such position existing during the country's declaration of independence in 1898, which had a dictatorial government. Officially, the country's first actual republic was founded in 1899, and it too had no vice president. Trias instead served in the cabinets of Apolinario Mabini and Pedro Paterno, as finance minister and war minister, respectively.

Vice Presidents

.

However, Vice-Presidents Carlos P. Garcia and Emmanuel Pelaez also held the Foreign Affairs portfolio, a tradition revived in the Fifth Republic, with Vice-Presidents Salvador Laurel and Teofisto Guingona, Jr. holding the Foreign Affairs portfolio. Alone of the Vice-Presidents of the Third Republic, Diosdado Macapagal was not given any cabinet position, since he was the first Vice-President elected who did not come from the same party as the incumbent.

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DateFormat = mm/dd/yyyyPeriod = from:01/01/1897 till:06/30/2010TimeAxis = orientation:horizontalScaleMajor = unit:year increment:10 start:1900

Colors = id:Vacant value:black id:None value:gray(0.3) id:abolished value:gray(0.6)

id:linemark value:gray(0.8) id:linemark2 value:gray(0.9)


BarData = barset:PM

PlotData= width:5 align:left fontsize:S shift:(5,-4) anchor:till barset:PM from:03/22/1897 till:11/02/1897 text:"Mariano Trias" color:None from:11/02/1897 till:11/15/1935 text:"Abolished" color:abolished from:11/15/1935 till:08/01/1944 text:"Sergio Osmeña" color:NP from:08/01/1944 till:05/28/1946 text:"Vacant" color:abolished from:05/28/1946 till:04/15/1948 text:"Elpidio Quirino" color:LP from:04/15/1948 till:12/30/1949 text:"Vacant" color:abolished from:12/30/1949 till:12/30/1953 text:"Fernando Lopez (1st term)" color:LP from:12/30/1953 till:03/17/1957 text:"Carlos P. Garcia" color:NP from:03/17/1957 till:12/30/1957 text:"Vacant" color:abolished from:12/30/1957 till:12/30/1961 text:"Diosdado Macapagal" color:LP from:12/30/1961 till:12/30/1965 text:"Emmanuel Pelaez" color:LP from:12/30/1965 till:01/17/1973 text:"Fernando Lopez (2nd term)" color:NP from:01/17/1973 till:01/23/1984 text:"Abolished" color:abolished from:01/23/1984 till:02/16/1986 text:"Vacant" color:abolished from:02/16/1986 till:02/25/1986 text:"Arturo Tolentino" color:KBL from:02/25/1986 till:06/30/1992 text:"Salvador Laurel" color:UNIDO from:06/30/1992 till:06/30/1998 text:"Joseph Estrada" color:NPC from:06/30/1998 till:01/20/2001 text:"Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo" color:Lakas from:01/20/2001 till:02/07/2001 text:"Vacant" color:abolished from:02/07/2001 till:06/30/2004 text:"Teofisto Guingona" color:Lakas from:06/30/2004 till:02/01/2008 text:"Noli de Castro" color:Lakas

uccession

Succession in case of the incapacitation or death of the President of the Philippines has occurred thrice:

* Sergio Osmena's assumption to the presidency upon the death of Manuel Quezon due to tubercolosis in 1944.

* Elpidio Quirino's succession in 1948 upon the death of Manuel Roxas due to Heart Attack.

* Carlos P. Garcia's assumption of the presidency in 1957 after the crash of the Philippine Presidential Plane where Ramon Magsaysay was boarded.

A Vice-President has become President by virtue of resignation (or abandonment of office, depending on the argument used):

* Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo upon resignation of Joseph Estrada in 2001.

Gallery

Honourable Title

The proper term of address for the Vice-President is

* "The Honorable First Name Family Name, Vice-President of the Philippines."
* "Mr. Vice-President" or "Madam Vice-President"

List of Vice Presidents

ee also

* President of the Philippines
** List of Presidents of the Philippines
* Prime Minister of the Philippines (defunct)

References

External links

* [http://www.ovp.gov.ph/ Office of the Vice President of the Philippines]

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