- Neil Hamilton (politician)
Neil Hamilton Member of Parliament
9 June 1983 – 1 May 1997
Preceded by New constituency Succeeded by Martin Bell Personal details Born 9 March 1949
Nationality British Political party UKIP (from 2002)
Spouse(s) Christine Hamilton Alma mater University College of Wales, Aberystwyth Profession barrister
Mostyn Neil Hamilton (born 9 March 1949) is a former British barrister, teacher and Conservative MP. Since losing his seat in 1997 and leaving politics, Hamilton and his wife Christine have become media celebrities. In Who's Who, Hamilton now describes himself as being a writer, actor, broadcaster and entertainer.
In September 2011 Hamilton attended the UKIP conference and commented he is available to assist the party. The leader of the party Nigel Farage pledged to support him in the national executive committee election, and he was elected on 1 November.
Hamilton was born at Fleur-de-Lis, a Monmouthshire pit village near Blackwood. Both of his grandfathers were coal miners, but in the 1950s Hamilton moved to Ammanford because his father was a chief engineer for the National Coal Board. He grew up in Tirydail, and joined the Conservative party in 1964.
Following education at Ammanford Grammar School in Carmarthenshire, Hamilton studied economics at the University College of Wales, Aberystwyth, and law at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, where he attained a post-graduate law degree between 1976 and 1977.
While at Aberystwyth he was a leading light in the Federation of Conservative Students, of which he was a member between 1968 and 1974. Hamilton first came to national attention after attending and addressing the 1973 conference of the Italian neo-fascist party, the Italian Social Movement (MSI), as a delegate from the Federation of Conservative Students.
At the 1970 Conservative party conference, Hamilton called for mass privatisation and, a year later, spoke against entering the EEC, as it was then called. In 1973, he stood as chairman of the Federation of Conservative Students against David Davis but was defeated. In the February 1974 general election, Hamilton stood as the Conservative candidate in Abertillery and at the 1979 general election as a parliamentary candidate in Bradford North, but was not elected on either occasion.
He was for some years a member of the right-wing Conservative Monday Club and was elected to its Executive Council in 1972, but he left the group a year later.
He worked as a teacher between 1973 and 1976 at St John's College, Southsea, and privately studied for the Bar in his spare time. Hamilton also taught constitutional law at Hatfield Polytechnic between September 1978 and July 1982. From September 1979, Hamilton was a barrister, specialising in taxation law. However, after he lost his seat in 1997, he vowed never to return to "that constipated profession" and in April 2001 said, "If I am bankrupt, [which he was the following month] I won't be able to return to the bar but even if I was able to do so, I couldn't contain myself from saying what I thought to some of the judges."
Hamilton was also European and Parliamentary Affairs Director of the Institute of Directors during this time. He was selected as the Conservative candidate for the newly-created Tatton constituency on 12 March 1983, after being runner-up for Bournemouth West and other constituencies. He was elected to Parliament three months later, at the 1983 general election as the MP for the Tatton constituency. On 4 June 1983, five days before polling day, he married Mary Christine Holman in Cornwall.
In 1984 Hamilton strongly supported leaded petrol and criticised his own party for seeking to abolish it, saying that there was no evidence it was damaging to the environment and that jobs would be lost in his constituency if it was banned, as it later was.
Despite holding very strong Thatcherite views, such as being anti-trade union, immigration and child benefit, and being pro-free market and supporting capital punishment and privatisation, he was not favoured or given rapid promotion. Hamilton was in favour of coal mine closures and nuclear power as an energy of the future. He also supported the freedom to smoke, the right of people to sell their organs, which the Thatcher government refused to allow, and Welsh as a national language and was one of ten MPs to vote against the government on an EEC bill vote in April 1986.
BBC libel case
Hamilton and fellow MP Gerald Howarth, also one of his closest friends, successfully sued the BBC for libel in October 1986 after a Panorama programme, "Maggie's Militant Tendency", broadcast on 30 January 1984, stated that the MPs had links with far-right groups in Europe and in the UK. The programme had alleged that he gave a Nazi salute in Berlin while 'messing around' on a Parliamentary visit in August 1983. According to the Guardian, he later admitted in The Sunday Times that he gave "a little salute with two fingers to his nose to give the impression of a toothbrush moustache."
The two MPs' case was financed largely by Sir James Goldsmith though David Davis, then a director of Tate and Lyle, persuaded the company to donate a sum to the cause. Lord Harris of High Cross, who helped to finance Hamilton's failed libel action against Mohammed Al-Fayed 13 years later, also raised around £100,000.
During the case, Hamilton said that he was "The Mike Yarwood of the Federation of Young Conservatives"., and that he frequently sent up public figures such as Frankie Howerd, Harold Wilson, Edward Heath, Charles De Gaulle and Enoch Powell. Hamilton did an impression of Hitler whilst in the defence box by putting two fingers under his nose. Hamilton claimed he had blacked up in 1982 as an Idi Amin look-a-like and dressed as Canon James Owen on a boat on the River Cam.
The BBC capitulated on 21 October. According to the BBC Director-General Alasdair Milne, he was instructed to do so by the Governors. The corporation had to pay the pair's legal costs. Hamilton and Howarth were awarded £20,000 each and in the next edition of Panorama on 27 October, the BBC made an unreserved apology to both.
In a Sunday Times article, Hamilton denied that any malicious intent was behind the salute. He also pointed out that one of the party present, Julian Lewis, was a Jew himself and that a "number of his relatives were killed by the Nazis during the war". Hamilton and Howarth dropped their libel action against Philip Pedley, who was the principal source of material in the programme, as they believed that extracting an apology from him was not "worth the bother of obtaining". On 3 December 1986, Hamilton and Howarth both agreed to pay Pedley's costs incurred in the six weeks since they defeated the BBC, as the case was formally brought to an end.
After libel case
In Parliament, Hamilton became known as a punchily partisan speaker and was combative in the House of Commons. He enjoyed making jibes against the Labour Party, though he respected Eric Heffer and a few other Labour left-wingers. Hamilton attended Heffer's memorial service on 10 July 1991.
In January 1987 he asserted that Frank Dobson, during a debate on amputees that "He does not have a leg to stand on". Later that year, he told Jeremy Corbyn that some of his IRA friends could be used to get rid of pensioners by shooting them. During a debate, Greville Janner said he that lost half of his family in the Holocaust. Hamilton allegedly replied "Unfortunately, the wrong half" Hamilton said Augusto Pinochet being leader in Chile was a "Good thing". When the pop music world collaborated to stage a free Nelson Mandela concert at Wembley in June 1988, at a time when the ANC leader was still behind bars, Hamilton attacked the BBC for screening the event. He also called the ANC a "Typical terrorist organisation".
Hamilton vehemently urged Thatcher to fight on to a second ballot in November 1990 during the leadership contest and was devastated when she resigned. Hamilton had initially leaned towards voting for Michael Heseltine, as had a few other Right-wingers, such as Michael Brown and Edward Leigh, because they took the view that "Heseltine had stabbed Thatcher in the front". He saw her at Downing Street late on 21 November 1990, with Michael Portillo, Michael Forsyth, Michael Fallon and Ian Twinn, in the desperate hope of persuading her not to resign, and to fight a second ballot. At a meeting earlier that week, when Peter Lilley argued that Thatcher could not survive, Hamilton subjected him to a barrage of "sarcasm and heckling".
Hamilton eventually voted for John Major, though Norman Tebbit had to persuade him to do so as he and Christopher Chope, a close friend with identical views, were going to write "Thatcher" on their ballot papers as a protest. For a while after Thatcher's resignation, Hamilton's enthusiasm for any type of Conservative government waned.
Hamilton was the minister for deregulation and corporate affairs from April 1992 to October 1994 in John Major's government. Despite being hostile to the Maastricht Treaty and being delighted when, on 2 June 1992, Denmark rejected it, he remained a Major government loyalist, persuading several right-wing ministers not to resign, mainly over Europe, but also over several other issues. Despite being generally supportive of the government, even after his resignation in October 1994, he voted for John Redwood in the 1995 leadership contest. Hamilton was bitterly disappointed when Michael Portillo did not challenge Major for the leadership, as he believed he was more electable than Redwood and if he had, he would have obtained more votes, forcing Major to resign.
"Cash for questions"
On 20 October 1994, The Guardian published an article claiming that Hamilton, and another minister, Tim Smith, had received money, paid in the form of cash in brown envelopes, from Harrods' owner Mohamed Al-Fayed, for asking questions on his behalf in the House of Commons. Smith admitted his guilt and resigned immediately. Hamilton claimed innocence but was eventually forced to resign his position as Corporate Affairs Minister on 25 October.
Hamilton sued The Guardian, along with Ian Greer, and had a 300-year-old law changed so he could do so, which was the Defamation Bill - altering the Bill of Rights 1689 by permitting what had been said in Parliament to be questioned in the courts. The Defamation Act 1996 gained Royal Assent in July 1996. However, on 30 September 1996, a day before the libel trial was due to begin, Hamilton and Greer claimed that a conflict of interest arose and both men dropped the libel action, saying that they could not afford to continue. They each paid £7,500 to The Guardian's legal costs. All the cash for questions evidence was sent to Sir Gordon Downey, the Parliamentary Commissioner for Standards. On the evening of 1 October 1996, on Newsnight, Hamilton took part in a televised live debate with Alan Rusbridger, the editor of The Guardian.
During the 1997 General Election, Hamilton was determined to hold on to his parliamentary seat in what was then the fourth safest Conservative seat in the country. Hamilton's majority at the 1992 General Election was almost 16,000. Conservative Central Office said that selection of candidates was purely a matter for the local party and refused to intervene. On 8 April 1997, he won a candidacy selection vote by 182 to 35, although 100 members of the local party abstained. Hamilton said that if the Downey report found against him, he would resign as an MP.
When the well-known BBC war correspondent Martin Bell decided to stand as an independent candidate in Tatton, the Labour and Liberal Democrat candidates stood down in order to give him a clear run against Hamilton. Bell trounced Hamilton, winning by a majority of over 11,000 votes. Despite vowing that he would return to Parliament in the speech he made afterwards, this defeat marked the end of Hamilton's political career.
Cash for questions findings
Edwina Currie, the former health minister, told the cash-for-questions inquiry how Hamilton had been unmoved, in May 1988, by a set of photographs showing cancers that could be caused to young people by a product he was promoting. Hamilton apparently said that they were not relevant. The Thatcher government banned the sale of Skoal bandit products in the UK in late 1989. Both Hamilton and Michael Brown received a £6,000 fee and hospitality from Skoal bandits.
Hamilton was found guilty of taking cash for questions, along with Tim Smith, by Sir Gordon Downey on 3 July 1997. Both Hamilton and Smith were both severely criticised in the report, along with Michael Brown and Michael Grylls. The recommendation was that if Hamilton and Smith were still MPs, both would have been given a substantial suspension from the House of Commons. Downey said that that evidence that Hamilton took cash from Al-Fayed for asking questions was "compelling" and that he was unlikely to have taken less than £25,000. Also, according the report, Hamilton deliberately misled Michael Heseltine, then President of the Board of Trade, in October 1994, when he said he had no financial relationship with Ian Greer. In a phone conversation, Hamilton gave an absolute assurance to Heseltine that there was no such relationship. In fact, he had received two commission payments from Greer in 1988 and 1989, totalling £10,000. According to the report, Hamilton asked for payment in kind so the money would not be taxable. He also failed to register his stays at the Ritz in Paris and at Al-Fayed's castle in Scotland in 1989.
Hamilton rejected these findings, whereas Smith, who had stood down, accepted them, apologised for his conduct, and retired from politics altogether.
Hamilton launched an appeal on 14 October 1997 and appealed to a new committee, which on 6 November only partially endorsed Sir Gordon Downey's findings, but still criticised his behaviour whilst an MP. In March 1999, George Osborne was selected by the Tatton Conservative association to be their candidate for the next general election.
Unsuccessfully sues Al-Fayed
Hamilton sought to sue Al-Fayed for libel for what he had said in a Channel 4 Dispatches programme in January 1997. Al-Fayed had claimed that Hamilton had demanded and accepted cash payments, gift vouchers and a free holiday at the Paris Ritz, in return for asking parliamentary questions on behalf of Harrods.
Hamilton was given permission to sue on 31 July 1998. Money was raised, with again, the late Lord Harris of High Cross being one of the chief fund raisers, along with the Earl of Portsmouth and Taki, a journalist, another donator to the 1986 libel action against the BBC, donating £50,000. Other contributors to the fund included Simon Heffer, Norris McWhirter, a Scots Tory Peter Clarke, Lord Bell, Gyles Brandreth and Gerald Howarth, who sued the BBC with Hamilton thirteen years before. Other contributors included about 40 Tory MPs, out of the party's 165 at the time. In total, around £410,000 was raised.
Hamilton took Mohamed Al-Fayed to court for libel in November 1999, but after he and his wife Christine had been cross-examined by George Carman QC, he lost on 21 December when the eleven jurors determined that he had corruptly taken and demanded £10,000 from Mobil Oil in 1989. Hamilton demanded the money as payment for tabling an amendment to a Finance Bill on behalf of Mobil. At the time, Hamilton was a member of the Commons finance select committee.
He also lost the subsequent appeal in December 2000. In April 2001, he was refused leave to appeal to the House of Lords. On 22 May 2001, unable to pay his legal fees and with costs amounting to some £3m, he was declared bankrupt. He was discharged from bankruptcy in May 2004. Former Granada journalist Jonathan Boyd Hunt investigated the "Cash For Questions" affair and declared in his book Trial By Conspiracy that the case against Hamilton was untrue.
After the scandal
Hamilton's career took an unusual turn on 9 May 1997 when he and Christine appeared on the current affairs satire quiz Have I Got News For You a week after Neil lost his Tatton seat. Angus Deayton, the chairman of the panel game, wore a white suit instead of his usual brown one, in reference to Martin Bell, who wore such a suit throughout the election campaign at which he had just defeated Hamilton.
The subject of numerous taunts about the scandal, the Hamiltons were given their "fee" in brown envelopes at the end of the show. At one point Hamilton quipped, "I've found it's much better making political jokes than being one." Since then they have often appeared on chat shows. They have appeared on programmes such as The Weakest Link and Who Wants to Be a Millionaire?, as well as in pantomime. In an appearance on a celebrity edition of Mastermind on Boxing Day 2004, Hamilton described himself as being "an object of professional curiosity".
Wrongful rape accusation
On 10 August 2001, Neil and Christine Hamilton were arrested by police investigating an alleged rape. The investigation against them was dropped when it became apparent that the accusations were entirely false. The episode of their lives regarding the alleged rape was captured on film by Louis Theroux, who at that time was filming the Hamiltons for an episode of When Louis Met.... In June 2003, the woman who had fabricated the accusation, Nadine Milroy-Sloan, was imprisoned for attempting to pervert the course of justice.
In February 2005, the publicist Max Clifford, who had acted for Milroy-Sloan, paid an undisclosed sum in damages to settle for the 2001 rape allegations.
Personal and family life
- ^ "Neil Hamilton joins UKIP's Nigel Farage show". BBC. 9 September, 2011. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-14857078. Retrieved 12 September, 2011.
- ^ "Hamilton back with NEC post". UKIP. 1 November 2011. http://www.ukip.org/content/latest-news/2531-hamilton-back-with-nec-post. Retrieved 2 November 2011.
- ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/election97/candidates/371.htm
- ^ http://www.christinehamilton.co.uk/index.php?f=data_home&a=3
- ^ http://pubs.socialistreviewindex.org.uk/sr180/notes.htm
- ^ http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1984/dec/04/petrol-lead-and-benzene-content
- ^ a b Wilson, Jamie (22 December 1999). "Who will listen to his story now?". The Guardian (London). http://www.guardian.co.uk/hamilton/article/0,2763,195592,00.html. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
- ^ Sengupta, Kim (22 December 1999). "The Hamilton Affair: The cost - Right-wing donors united by their loathing of Fayed". The Independent (London). http://www.independent.co.uk/news/the-hamilton-affair-the-cost--rightwing-donors-united-by-their-loathing-of-fayed-1134008.html. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
- ^ Daily Telegraph - 17 October 1986
- ^ The Telegraph - October 1986
- ^ The Times newspaper - 28 October 1986
- ^ The Sunday Times - 26 October 1986
- ^ The Times newspaper - 27 October 1986
- ^ The Financial Times - 4 December 1986
- ^ Hansard - 15 December 1989
- ^ http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1987/jan/29/j-e-hanger-and-co-ltd#S6CV0109P0_19870129_HOC_168
- ^ http://hansard.millbanksystems.com/commons/1987/dec/01/elimination-of-poverty-in-old-age-etc-1#S6CV0123P0_19871201_HOC_204
- ^ http://timesonline.typepad.com/oliver_kamm/2009/05/more-tatton-tales.html
- ^ "Faces of the week". BBC News. 4 February 2005. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/magazine/4234097.stm.
- ^ The Scotsman - December 22, 1999
- ^ The Times, 22 October 1994
- ^ a b Bruce Anderson - John Major - Making of the Prime Minister (1991)
- ^ Christine Hamilton's autobiography - 2005
- ^ The Independent - 5 July 1997
- ^ http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm199798/cmselect/cmstnprv/030ii/sp01140.htm
- ^ The Independent - 4 July 1997
- ^ 'The odd couple behind the odd couple', BBC News Online, 23 December 1999
- ^ The Independent - 23 December 1999
- ^ "The undoing of Neil Hamilton". BBC News. 22 December 1999. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/575299.stm. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
- ^ "Neil Hamilton loses libel appeal". BBC News. 21 December 2000. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/1080920.stm. Retrieved 26 March 2010.
- ^ Trial By Conspiracy, ISBN 0-473-05123-0
- ^ "Hamiltons relieved as accuser jailed". BBC News. 13 June 2003. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/2988208.stm. Retrieved 2009-05-26.
- ^ http://www.deabirkett.com/pages/journalism_film/journalism/an_unshakeable_delusion.htm
- Guardian Special Report - Hamilton, Al Fayed Libel Case
- Mohamed Al Fayed on Hamilton
- Socialist Review article on Hamilton, Nov 1994
- Guardian Lies - site claiming a conspiracy against Hamilton
Parliament of the United Kingdom New constituency Member of Parliament for Tatton
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