Lomography is the commercial trademark of Lomographische AG, Austria for products and services related to photography. The name is inspired by the former state-run optics manufacturer LOMO PLC of Saint Petersburg, Russia. LOMO PLC created and produced the 35 mm LOMO LC-A Compact Automat camera - which became the centerpiece of Lomography's marketing and sales activities. This camera was loosely based upon the Cosina CX-1 and introduced in the early 1980s.

In 1991, the Austrian founders of Lomography discovered the Lomo LC-A. [ [http://www.lomography.com/about/ Lomography 3.0~ / ] ] As the company states, they were "charmed by the unique, colorful, and sometimes blurry" images that the camera produced. After a series of international art exhibitions and aggressive marketing work, Lomography signed an exclusive distribution agreement with LOMO PLC - thereby becoming the sole distributor of all Lomo LC-A cameras outside of the Soviet Union. This monopolistic agreement, their viral/tribal marketing strategies and pricing philosophy have generated controversy.Fact|date=November 2007

Lomography emphasizes casual, snapshot photography. Characteristics such as over-saturated colors, off-kilter exposure, blurring, "happy accidents," and alternative film processing are often considered part of the "Lomographic Technique."Fact|date=November 2007 Users are encouraged to take a lighthearted approach to their photography, and use these techniques to document everyday life, as the Lomo LC-A's small size, simple controls, and ability to shoot in low light encourages candid photography, photo reportage, and photo vérité through the much-touted "10 Rules." [http://www.lomography.com/content/about/rules/dbl.php?wr=01]

Since the introduction of the original Lomo LC-A, Lomography has produced and marketed an entire line of their own branded analog cameras. Most Lomographic cameras are designed to produce a single photographic effect. For example, the Lomography Fisheye camera features a built-in wideangle lens, and shoots fisheye-distorted photos. In 2005, production of the original Lomo LC-A was discontinued. Its replacement, the LC-A+, was introduced in Fall 2006. The new camera, made in China rather than Russia, featured the original Russian lens manufactured by LOMO PLC. This changed as of mid-2007 with the lens now made in China as well. [ [http://shop.lomography.com/lca+/production.html Lc-A+ Production ] ]

Similar to Eastman Kodak's concept of the "Kodak moment," the Lomography motto of "don't think, just shoot" presumes spontaneity, close-ups, and ubiquity, while deemphasizing formal technique. Typical lomography cameras are deliberately low-fidelity and inexpensively constructed. Some cameras make use of multiple lenses and rainbow-colored flashes, or exhibit extreme optical distortions and even light leaks.Fact|date=November 2007

Current models marketed by Lomographische AG include Lomo LC-A, Diana, Holga, Holga 35mm, Actionsampler, Frogeye, Pop-9, Oktomat, Fisheye, Fisheye2, Colorsplash, Colorsplash Flash, F-stop Bang, SuperSampler, Horizon 202, Seagull TLR, and Smena 8M. The company also resells dead stock Polaroid cameras and Russian dead stock - the sort normally acquired at "quirky, old-school camera shops," as the company's web site puts it.

The Lomo LC-A lens effect can be digitally emulated with photo-editing software such as GIMP or Photoshop. In addition, the company's promotional web site for Lomography showcases many high-contrast photographs - with unusual saturation and color - that were created using the technique called cross processing in which film intended for developing in slide chemistry (E-6) is processed in photographic negative chemistry (C-41), and vice versa. This technique can be employed with any film camera and can be somewhat mimicked with digital software as well. [ [http://www.photoshopsupport.com/tutorials/or/cross-processing.html Cross Processing in Photoshop - color negative art effect | PhotoshopSupport.com ] ]


External links

* [http://www.lomo.com/ LOMO]
* [http://www.lomography.com/ Lomographic Society International]
* [http://www.lomographyasia.com/ Lomographic Society Asia]
* [http://www.lomography.lv/ Lomographic Society Baltics]
* [http://lomography.gr/ Greek Lomographic Society]
* [http://www.lomographic.net/ LomoArtProject]
* [http://registry.gimp.org/node/7870 Lomo Script] for GIMP
* [http://www.camerapedia.org/wiki/Lomography Lomography at Camerapedia.org]
* [http://www.flickr.com/groups/370075@N24/ Lomographic images on Flickr]
* [http://www.jlh-photo.com/holga/ The Holga FAQ] by Joseph L Harris

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lomography — Lomographie Cet article fait partie de la série Photographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diana Mini Camera — Maker Lomographische AG, Type Box camera Image sensor type Film Imag …   Wikipedia

  • Holga — Infobox Camera camera model = Holga manufacturer = Various camera type = Box camera sensor type = Film sensor size = 56 mm × 56 mm recording medium = 120 film lens system = 60 mm plastic meniscus focus type = Manual zone (four settings)… …   Wikipedia

  • Lomografía — Cámara LOMO LC A. Lomografía es la marca registrada comercial del fabricante Lomographische AG, Austria, para productos y servicios relacionados con su técnica de fotografía. Su nombre se inspira en el del fabricante de ópticas LOMO PLC de San… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Medium format (film) — This article is about medium sized film formats. For formats of a different medium, see format (disambiguation). A size comparison of medium format film (left) and 35 mm film. Medium format film lacks the sprocket holes of 35 mm film. Medium… …   Wikipedia

  • Diana camera — Diana Maker Great Wall Plastic Factory, Lomographische AG, Type Box camera Image sensor type Film Imag …   Wikipedia

  • Smena (camera) — Smena ( ru. Смена) is a series of low cost 35 mm film cameras manufactured in the Soviet Union by the LOMO factory from 1953 to 1991. [http://www.rus camera.com/camera.php?page=smena camera=smena Smena History from Antique Russian Camera website] …   Wikipedia

  • Lomo — Lomographie Cet article fait partie de la série Photographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lomographie — LOMO LC A Die Lomografie bzw. Lomographie ist eine Stilrichtung innerhalb der Fotografie. Der Begriff leitet sich von der Kleinbildkamera „LOMO Compact Automat“ (LC A) der Sankt Petersburger Firma Lomo ab, wird inzwischen aber für eine ganze… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lomographie — (transcription de l’allemand Lomografie) est une marque déposée de la société Lomographische AG., Autriche. Celle ci vend des produits et services dans le domaine de la photographie. Elle a ainsi initié de toutes pièces un mouvement… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.