Benjamin Kaufman (Medal of Honor)

Benjamin Kaufman (Medal of Honor)

Infobox Military Person
name= Benjamin Kaufman
born= birth date|1894|3|10
died= death date and age|1981|2|5|1894|3|10
placeofbirth= Buffalo, New York
placeofdeath= Mercer Medical Center in Trenton, New Jersey
placeofburial=


caption=Medal of Honor recipient
nickname=
allegiance= United States of America
branch= United States Army
serviceyears=
rank= First Sergeant
unit= Company K, 308th Infantry, 77th Division
battles= World War I
awards= Medal of Honor

Benjamin Kaufman (March 10, 1894-February 5, 1981) was a First Sergeant in the U.S. Army during World War I. He was awarded the Medal of Honor and the Croix de Guerre for his bravery in action in the Argonne Forest, France on October 4, 1918.

Biography

Kaufman was born in Buffalo, but grew up in Brooklyn, where he lived at 2113 Pitkin Avenue, at the time of enlistment. His mother was Mrs. Anna Kaufman. He was attending Syracuse University when he had to respond to the call to arms and joined the Army in 1917. He was assigned to Company K, 308th Infantry, 77th Division.

Kaufman proved to be a hero almost as soon as he was in combat in France. He became blinded by a gas shell while aiding in the rescue of several of his men. Despite his refusal of medical help, doctors forced him to go to the hospital. Kaufman decided to go back to battle and borrowed a uniform and made his way back to his outfit. Kaufman was faced with a court martial but the charges were dropped.Kaufman received awards for bravery from nine foreign governments. The United States awarded him the Medal of Honor on April 8, 1919.

During World War II, he was director of the War Manpower Commission in New Jersey. He was also a commander of the New Jersey Council of the Disabled American Veterans of the World War and a national vice commander of the National Legion of Valor.

He was the executive director of the Jewish War Veterans of the United States from 1945 to 1959 and a former national commander of the organization, and for nearly 10 years, he was the manager of the Trenton office of the State Employment Service.

Benjamin Kaufman died on February 5, 1981 at the Mercer Medical Center in Trenton at the age of 86. He was survived by his wife, the former Dorothy Finkle; a daughter, Rita De Vries; a sister, Jennie Edwards, and two grandchildren.

Medal of Honor citation

*Rank and organization: First Sergeant, United States Army, Company K, 308th Infantry, 77th Division.
*Place and date: In the Forest of Argonne, France, October 4, 1918.
*Entered service at: Brooklyn, New York
*Born: March 10, 1894, Buffalo, New York
*General Orders No.50, War Department, 1919.

Citation:

:He took out a patrol for the purpose of attacking an enemy machinegun which had checked the advance of his company. Before reaching the gun he became separated from his patrol and a machinegun bullet shattered his right arm. Without hesitation he advanced on the gun alone, throwing grenades with his left hand and charging with an empty pistol, taking one prisoner and scattering the crew, bringing the gun and prisoner back to the first-aid station.

ee also

*List of Medal of Honor recipients
*List of Medal of Honor recipients for World War I

References

*cite web
url=http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/worldwari.html
title=The U.S. Army Center of Military History, World War I Medal of Honor Recipients
accessdate=2008-08-09
format=
work=

*cite web
url=http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/biography/kaufman.html
title=Jewish Virtual Library, Benjamin Kaufman Medal of Honor by Seymour "Sy" Brody
accessdate=2008-08-09
format=
work=

*cite web
url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9A02EFDB133BF934A35751C0A967948260
title= The New York Times, Benjamin Kaufman, 86, is dead. Published: February 7, 1981
accessdate=2008-08-09
format=
work=

Persondata
NAME= Kaufman, Benjamin.
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=
SHORT DESCRIPTION= United States Army Medal of Honor recipient
DATE OF BIRTH= March 10, 1894
PLACE OF BIRTH= Buffalo, New York
DATE OF DEATH= February 5, 1981
PLACE OF DEATH= Trenton, New Jersey


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