- Pavel Fitin
Pavel Mikhailovich Fitin (ru: Павел Михайлович Фитин) (1907 Ozhogino, Kurgan Region,
Soviet Union- 24 December 1971) was director of Soviet intelligence during world war II, identified in the Venona cables under the code name "Viktor." [ [http://www.nsa.gov/venona/releases/09_Feb_1944_R1_p2.gifVenona 195 New York to Moscow 9th February 1944] ]
Fitin graduated from a program in engineering studies at the Timiryazev Agricultural Academy in 1932 after which he served in the
Red Army, then became an editor for the State Publishing House of Agricultural Literature. The Communist Party of the Soviet Union(CPSU) selected him for a special course in foreign intelligence.
Fitin became deputy chief of the
NKVD's foreign intelligence in 1938, then a year later at the age of thirty-one became chief. The Russian Foreign Intelligence Service credits Fitin with rebuilding the depleted foreign intelligence department after Stalin's Great Terror. Fitin also is credited with providing ample warning of the German Invasion of 22 June 1941that began the Great Patriotic War. Only the actual invasion saved Fitin from execution for providing the head of the NKVD, Lavrenty Beria, with information General Secretaryof the CPSU, Joseph Stalindid not want to believe. Beria retained Fitin as chief of foreign intelligence until the war ended but demoted him.
In 1951 Beria discharged Fitin from the NKVD and denied his pension. Fitin was unable to find employment until Beria was executed in 1953.
Fitin attained the rank of lieutenant-general, and was awarded the
Order of the Red Bannertwice, the Order of the Red Star, and the Red Banner of Tuva.
In 1942, Joseph Stalin appointed Pavel Sudoplatov to head the intelligence work on the Manhattan Project, and to coordinate the data gathered by Soviet agents in England, Canada, and the United States. Most cables sent via the New York – Moscow connection were sent by KGB officer Leonid Kvasnikov, known as Anton, to Lieutenant General Pavel Mikhailovich Fitin, known as Viktor, who had been the head of the foreign intelligence section of the KGB at that time (NSA 2/9/44).
* [http://www.nsa.gov/venona NSA VENONA PROJECT]
* [http://www.nsa.gov/venona/releases/09_Feb_1944_R1_p1.gifNSA VENONA PROJECT DOCUMENT ON FITIN]
* [http://svr.gov.ru/history/fit.html Foreign Intelligence Service] bio in Russian
* John Earl Haynes and Harvey Klehr, "Venona: Decoding Soviet Espionage in America" (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999)
* Vladimir Chikov, "Stalin’s Atomic Spies: KGB File N. 13676" [Unpublished American Edition of Comment Staline a Volé la Bombe Atomique Aux Américains: Dossier KGB no 13676] , trans and afterword by Gary Kern (1995)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Fitin, Pavel Mikhailovich — (1907–1971) Fitin was drafted into the NKVD’s foreign intelligence directorate in 1938, following the purge of the component. Within months of completing the Soviet Union’s first course for foreign intelligence officers, he was promoted to… … Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence
Harry Magdoff and espionage — Several historians and researchers have come to the conclusion that Harry Magdoff was among a number of persons inside the U.S. government used as information sources by Soviet intelligence. Contents 1 Investigation 2 Decrypted cables 3 Moscow… … Wikipedia
First Chief Directorate — The First Chief Directorate (Russian: Первое Главное Управление) (or PGU) of the Committee for State Security (KGB), was the organization responsible for foreign operations and intelligence collection activities by the training and management of… … Wikipedia
Harold Glasser — For others see Harold Glasser (disambiguation) Harold Glasser (November 24, 1905 ?), was an economist in the United States Department of the Treasury and spokesman on the affairs of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration… … Wikipedia
Barbarossa — Operation Barbarossa was Adolf Hitler’s plan for the invasion of the Soviet Union. From the inception of planning in late 1940, Joseph Stalin received and ignored good intelligence of Hitler’s intentions. In early 1941, Stalin received… … Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence
Venona Code Names and Encryption — The NKVD rezidenturas in New York, Washington, and San Francisco used code names to refer to case officers, agents, places, targets, and even personnel in Moscow. For example, a cable from the Washington rezidentura to Foreign Intelligence chief… … Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence
Soviet atomic bomb project — The fathers of the Soviet nuclear program, Dr. Andrei Sakharov (left) with Dr. Igor Kurchatov (right) … Wikipedia
History of Soviet and Russian espionage in the United States — Since the late 1920s, the Soviet Union, through its OGPU and NKVD intelligence services, used Russians and foreign born nationals as well as Communist and left leaning Americans to perform espionage activities in the United States.Haynes, John… … Wikipedia
Chiefs of Soviet and Russian Foreign Intelligence — 1920– • 1920–1921 Yakov Davidov (Davityan) • 1921 Ryuben Katanyan • 1921–1922 Solomon Mogilevskiy • 1922–1930 Mikhail Trilisser • 1930–1931 Stanislav Messing • 1931–1936 Artur Artuzov • 1936–1938 Abram Slutskiy • 1938 Zelman Passov • 1938 Pavel… … Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence
Main Directorate of State Security — The Main Directorate of State Security (Russian: Glavnoe Upravlenie Gosudarstvennoi Bezopasnosti, Главное управление государственной безопасности, ГУГБ, GUGB) was the name of the Soviet secret police from July 1934 to April 1943. It was run under … Wikipedia