Thomas Tenison


Thomas Tenison

Infobox Archbishop of Canterbury
Full name = Thomas Tenison


birth_name =
began = 1695
term_end = December 14, 1715
predecessor = John Tillotson
successor = William Wake
birth_date = September 29, 1636
death_date = December 14, 1715
tomb =

Thomas Tenison (September 29, 1636 – December 14, 1715) was an English church leader, Archbishop of Canterbury from 1694 until his death. During his primacy, he crowned two British monarchs.

Life

He was born at Cottenham, Cambridgeshire, and educated at the free school in Norwich, going on to Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, as a scholar on Archbishop Matthew Parker's foundation. He graduated in 1657, and was chosen fellow in 1659. For a short time he studied medicine, but in 1659 was privately ordained. As vicar of St Andrew-the-Great, Cambridge, he set an example by his devoted attention to the sufferers from the plague. In 1667 he was presented to the living of Holywell-cum-Needingworth, Huntingdonshire, by the Earl of Manchester, to whose son he had been tutor, and in 1670 to that of St Peter Mancroft, Norwich.

In 1680 he received the degree of Doctor of Divinity., and was presented by King Charles II to the important London church of St Martin's-in-the-Fields. Tenison, according to Gilbert Burnet, "endowed schools including Tenison's School, Lambeth, founded in 1685 and Tenison's School, Croydon, founded in 1714, set up a public library, and kept many curates to assist him in his indefatigable labours". Being a strenuous opponent of the Church of Rome, and "Whitehall lying within that parish, he stood as in the front of the battle all King James's reign". In 1678, in a "Discourse of Idolatry", he had condemned the heathenish idolatry practised in the Church of Rome, and in a sermon which he published in 1681 on "Discretion in Giving Alms" was attacked by Andrew Poulton, head of the Jesuits in the Savoy. Tenison's reputation as an enemy of Romanism led the Duke of Monmouth, to send for him before his execution in 1685, when Bishops Ken and Turner refused to administer the Eucharist; but, although Tenison spoke to him in "a softer and less peremptory manner" than the two bishops, he was, like them, not satisfied with the sufficiency of Monmouth's penitence.

Under King William III, Tenison was in 1689 named a member of the ecclesiastical commission appointed to prepare matters towards a reconciliation of the Dissenters, the revision of the liturgy being specially entrusted to him. A sermon he preached on the commission was published the same year. He preached a funeral sermon for Nell Gwyn in 1687, in which he represented her as truly penitent – a charitable judgment that did not meet with universal approval. The general liberality of Tenison's religious views won him royal favour, and, after being made Bishop of Lincoln in 1691, he was promoted to Archbishop of Canterbury in December 1694.

Archbishop of Canterbury

He attended Queen Mary during her last illness and preached her funeral sermon in Westminster Abbey. When William in 1695 went to take command of the army in the Netherlands, Tenison was appointed one of the seven lords justices to whom his authority was delegated.

Along with Burnet he attended the king on his deathbed. He crowned Queen Anne, but during her reign was in less favour at court. He was a commissioner for the Union with Scotland in 1706. A strong supporter of the Hanoverian succession, he was one of three officers of state to whom, on the death of Anne, was entrusted the duty of appointing a regent till the arrival of George I, whom he crowned on October 31 1714. Tenison died in London a year later.

ee also

*Tenison's School, Croydon
*Tenison's School, Lambeth
*List of Archbishops of Canterbury

References

*1911


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thomas Tenison — (29 septembre 1636 – 14 décembre 1715), est un ecclésiastique britannique. Il est successivement évêque de Lincoln, puis le quatre vingt unième archevêque de Cantorbéry. Il couronne la reine Anne en 1702, puis le roi 1714 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tenison — or Tennison may refer to:*Thomas Tenison (1636 1715), Archbishop of Canterbury *Jane Tennison, chief character in the British TV series Prime Suspect *Renee Tenison (b. 1968), American model and actress *Rosie Tenison (b. 1968), American model… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Herring — Archbishop of Canterbury Enthroned 1747 Reign ended 1757 Prede …   Wikipedia

  • Tenison, Thomas — (1636–1715)    Archbishop.    Tenison was educated at the University of Cambridge. As Rector of St Martin in the Fields, London, he came to public notice as an excellent preacher and as the author of An Argument for Union with the Dissenters. He… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Thomas Cranmer — Cranmer redirects here. For other people with the surname, see Cranmer (surname). Thomas Cranmer Archbishop of Canterbury Portrait by Gerlach Flicke, 1545[ …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Wilson (bishop) — infobox bishopbiog name = Thomas Wilson religion= Church of England See = Sodor and Man Title = Bishop of Sodor and Man Period = 1697 ndash;1755 consecration = 16 January 1698 Predecessor = Baptist Levinz Successor = Mark Hiddesley post = |… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Ward —     Thomas Ward     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Thomas Ward     Born at Danby Castle near Guisborough, Yorkshire, 13 April, 1652; d. at St Germain, France, 1708. He was the son of a farmer and was educated as a Presbyterian at Pickering School.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Thomas Ward (author) — Thomas Ward (April 13, 1652, Yorkshire 1708, St Germain, France) was an English author who converted to Catholicism.BiographyThomaw was born at Danby Castle near Guisborough in Yorkshire in 1652 as the son of a farmer and educated as a… …   Wikipedia

  • Archbishop Tenison's Church of England schools — Tenison s School is the name of two historic British schools located in South London, England, named after their founder, Thomas Tenison:* Tenison s School in Croydon founded in 1714. * Tenison s School in Lambeth founded in 1685 …   Wikipedia

  • Archbishop Tenison's Church of England High School, Croydon — Infobox UK school name = Tenison s School size = latitude = 51.36943 longitude = 0.08191 dms = dms motto = Tenaciter : (Latin: Tenaciously / Be Tenacious ) motto pl = established = 1714 approx = closed = c approx = type = Voluntary Aided,… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.