Chepino dialect


Chepino dialect

The Chepino dialect is a Bulgarian dialect of the Rhodopean group of the Rup dialects. Its range includes the northwestern Rhodopes, i.e. the towns of Velingrad, Rakitovo and Kostandovo and the villages of Dragichevo and Dorkovo. Its immediate neighbours are the Central Balkan dialect and the Ihtiman dialect to the north, the Babyak dialect to the west and south and the Hvoyna dialect to the east. The Chepino dialect is spoken by both Orthodox and Muslim Bulgarians in the region irrespective of religious affiliation.

Phonological and morphological characteristics

  • Broad e (æ) for Old Church Slavonic yat in a stressed syllable and ordinary e (ɛ) in an unstressed syllable : бæл/бæли vs. formal Bulgarian бял/бели (white) but деца as in Standard Bulgarian (children).
  • Single definite article: -oaт, -та, -то, -тæ
  • Strong palatalisation of consonants and especially of soft t and d which are sometimes transformed into soft k and g: т҄иква/к҄иква [1] vs. formal Bulgarian тиква
  • Merger of Old Church Slavonic big yus ѫ, little yus ѧ, ь and ъ into one vowel which is different in the four subdialects of the Chepino dialect:
Velingrad subdialect: Merger of Old Church Slavonic big yus ѫ, little yus ѧ, ь and ъ into broad o (oa) in a stressed syllable and into semi-reduced a in an unstressed syllable: зоап but за'боaт vs. Standard Bulgarian зъп/зъ'бът (tooth/the tooth)
Kostandovo subdialect: Merger of Old Church Slavonic big yus ѫ, little yus ѧ, ь and ъ into broad o (oa) in a stressed syllable and into u in an unstressed syllable: зоап but зу'боат vs. Standard Bulgarian зъп/зъ'бът (tooth/the tooth)
Rakitovo subdialect: Merger of Old Church Slavonic big yus ѫ, little yus ѧ, ь and ъ into broad o (oa) in a stressed syllable and into a in an unstressed syllable: зоап but зa'боат vs. Standard Bulgarian зъп/зъ'бът (tooth/the tooth)
Dorkovo subdialect: Merger of Old Church Slavonic big yus ѫ, little yus ѧ, ь and ъ into broad a in a stressed syllable and into semi-reduced a in an unstressed syllable: зап but зa'бат vs. Standard Bulgarian зъп/зъ'бът (tooth/the tooth)

For other phonological and morphological characteristics typical for all Rup or Rhodopean dialects, cf. Rup dialects.

Sources

Стойков, Стойко: Българска диалектология, Акад. изд. "Проф. Марин Дринов", 2006 [1]

References

  1. ^ The diacritic ◌҄ indicates palatalization.



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Razlog dialect — The Razlog dialect is a Bulgarian dialect, member of the Rup or Southeastern Bulgarian dialects. Its range includes the valley of Razlog in southwestern Bulgaria and its immediate neighbours are the Rup Serres Nevrokop dialect to the south, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Babyak dialect — The Babyak dialect is a Bulgarian dialect, member of the Rup or Southeastern Bulgarian dialects. It is spoken in several mountainous villages on the western fringes of the Rhodopes and is thus sandwiched between the Chepino dialect on the east… …   Wikipedia

  • Hvoyna dialect — The Hvoyna dialect is a Bulgarian dialect of the Rhodopean group of the Rup dialects. Its range includes the northern part of the Central Rhodopes and the town of Batak in the Western Rhodopes. Its immediate neighbours are the Central Balkan… …   Wikipedia

  • Maleševo-Pirin dialect — The term Maleševo Pirin dialect (also spelt Maleshevo) is used in South Slavic linguistics to refer to a group of related varieties that are spoken on both sides of the border between Bulgaria and the Republic of Macedonia. Some linguists treat… …   Wikipedia

  • Dupnitsa dialect — The Dupnitsa dialect is a Bulgarian dialect, member of the Southwestern Bulgarian dialects, which is spoken in the region of Dupnitsa in central western Bulgaria. It is transitional between the Samokov dialect to the east and the Blagoevgrad… …   Wikipedia

  • Rup dialects — The Rup dialects, or the Southeastern dialects, are a group of Bulgarian dialects located east of the yat boundary, thus being part of the Eastern Bulgarian dialects. The range of the Rup dialects includes the southern part of Thrace, i.e.… …   Wikipedia

  • Bulgarian language — Not to be confused with Bulgar language. Bulgarian Български език Bălgarski ezik Spoken in Bulgaria, Turkey, Serbia, Greece, Ukraine, Moldova, Romania, Albania, Kosovo, Repub …   Wikipedia

  • Northwestern Bulgarian dialects — Yat border in the Bulgarian language The Northwestern Bulgarian dialects are two closely related dialects of the Bulgarian language, which are located west of the yat boundary and thus are part of the Western Bulgarian dialects. The range of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Moesian dialects — Yat border in the Bulgarian language The Moesian dialects are a group of closely related dialects of the Bulgarian language, part of the Eastern Bulgarian dialects. The Moesian dialects are spoken in northeastern Bulgaria and in the regions of… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.