Bayamo


Bayamo

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Bayamo
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settlement_type = Municipality
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imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Street in Bayamo


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pushpin_label_position = none
pushpin_map_caption = Location of Bayamo in Cuba
pushpin_mapsize = 280
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = flag|Cuba
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = Granma
subdivision_type2 =
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established_title = Established
established_date = November 15, 1513
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date2 = 1827 (city)
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area_total_km2 = 918
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population_as_of = 2004
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population_total = 222118
population_density_km2 = 242.0
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timezone = EST
utc_offset = -5
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latd= 20|latm= 22|lats= 54|latNS=N
longd= 76|longm= 38|longs= 34|longEW=W
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 55
postal_code_type =
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area_code = +53-23
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Bayamo is the capital city of the Granma Province of Cuba, and one of the largest cities in the Oriente region.

The community of Bayamo lies on a plain by the Bayamo River. It is affected by the violent Bayamo wind.

The municipality is divided into the barrios of Arroyo Blanco, Barrancas, Bueycito, Cauto, Cayamas, Cristo, Dátil, Guamo, Guisa, Hornos, Julia, Laguna Blanca, La Sal, San Juan and Veguita.Cite web|url=http://www.guije.com/pueblo/municipios/obayamo/index.htm|title=Bayamo|author=Guije.com|accessdate=2007-10-06 Es icon]

The main secondary education institution is the University of Granma.

History

Bayamo was the third of the seven cities founded by Diego Velázquez de Cuéllar, and was established on November 5, 1513. During much of the 16th century it was one of the most important agricultural and commercial settlements of the island. Its inland situation gave it relative security against the pirates who then infested West Indian seas, and the misfortunes of Santiago were the fortunes of Bayamo. Down the Cauto River, then open to the sea for vessels of 200 tons, and through Manzanillo, Bayamo drove a thriving contraband trade that made it at the opening of the 17th century the leading town of Cuba.

A tremendous flood, in 1616, choking the Cauto with trees and wrecked vessels, cut if off from direct access to the sea; but through Manzanillo it continued a great clandestine traffic with Curaçao, Jamaica, and other foreign islands throughout the 17th and 18th centuries. Bayamo was then surrounded by fine plantations.

In 1827 it acquired the status of city. In the war of 1868–1878 it was an insurgent stronghold; near it was fought one of the most desperate conflicts of the war, and it was nearly destroyed by the opposing parties.

Demographics

In 2004, the municipality of Bayamo had a population of 222,118.Cite web| url=http://www.atenas.inf.cu/todo/Estadisticas/TABLA%20No_3balance.htm| title=2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality| author= Atenas.cu| year= 2004| accessdate=2007-10-06 Es icon] With a total area of km2 to mi2|918|abbr=yes|wiki=yes,Cite web|url=http://www.statoids.com/ycu.html|title=Municipios of Cuba|author=Statoids| year=2003| month=July| accessdate=2007-10-06 ] it has a population density of Pop density km2 to mi2|242.0|abbr=yes.

Notable residents

*Francisco Vicente Aguilera (1821-1877), revolutionary.
*Conrado Roblejo Aguilera (born 1966), doctor
*José Antonio Cedeño (born 1939), artist.
*Carlos Manuel de Céspedes (1819-1874), revolutionary.
*Perucho Figueredo (1818-1870), composer of the Cuban national anthem
*Pablo Milanés (born 1943), singer.
*Tomás Estrada Palma (1832-1908), President of Cuba.
*Felo Ramírez (born 1921), radio presenter
*Rolando Uríos (born 1971), Handball player.

References


*1911

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bayamo — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ciudad de Bayamo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bayamo — Administration Pays  Cuba …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bayamo — Ba*ya mo, n. (Meteor.) A violent thunder squall occurring on the south coast of Cuba, esp. near Bayamo. The gusts, called bayamo winds, are modified foehn winds. [Webster 1913 Suppl.] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bayamo — ist ein starker böiger Landwind, der in den Tropen auftritt und oft Gewitter bedingt, insbesondere an der Südküste Kubas, siehe Winde und Windsysteme. eine Stadt auf Kuba, siehe Bayamo (Kuba) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bayamo — Bayamo, 1) Stadt im östlichen Theile von Cuba, nordwestlich von Sant Jago, am gleichnamigen Kanal; 2) Kanal zwischen Cuba u. Baxos de Santa Clara …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bayamo — Bayamo, Stadt im östlichen Teil von Cuba, am gleichnamigen Nebenfluß des Cauto, in fruchtbarer Niederung, mit 8 Kirchen, Kaserne, Hospital und (1869) 3022 Einw …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bayamo — Bayāmo, Stadt auf Kuba, (1899) 3022 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bayamo — es la capital de la provincia Granma, Cuba. * * * ► C. de Cuba, cap. de la prov. de Granma; 121 926 h …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bayamo — /bah yah maw/, n. a city in S Cuba. 71,660. * * * ▪ Cuba       city, eastern Cuba. Lying on the Bayamo River, it was founded as San Salvador de Bayamo in 1513. In colonial times it was one of Cuba s most important cities, and it has been the… …   Universalium

  • Bayamo — Original name in latin Bayamo Name in other language BYM, Bajamo, Bayamo, Баямо State code CU Continent/City America/Havana longitude 20.37917 latitude 76.64333 altitude 58 Population 192632 Date 2013 06 27 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


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