Samuel Bowles (journalist)


Samuel Bowles (journalist)

Samuel Bowles (III) (February 9, 1826 - January 16, 1878) was an American journalist born in Springfield, Massachusetts. Beginning in 1844 he was the publisher and editor of "The Republican (Springfield)", a position he held until his death in 1878.

Bowles inherited the "Republican" from his father, Samuel Bowles (II) (1797-1851), who had established the paper as a weekly in 1824. When Bowles, the younger, took over, he first converted the paper to an evening daily and later to a morning journal. Bowles was highly involved in all aspects of the paper's operations and retained primary editorial control for most of his career. During his tenure, the paper gained a national reputation, though it remained largely regional and local in its concerns, featuring news from Springfield and surrounding small towns. At the time, the "New York Tribune" called it "the best and ablest country journal published on the continent." [Merriam, p. 179] In 1857 Bowles attempted to expand into the Boston market by partnering to publish the "Boston Traveller". As the new venture was largely unsuccessful, he left the partnership after a few months to return as editor of the "Republican". [Merriam, p.181-6]

Alongside its news items, the "Republican" published sermons, poetry, short fiction, and took a strong moral and political editorial stance. During the controversies affecting slavery and resulting in the American Civil War, Bowles's paper supported, in general, the Whig and Republican parties and an anti-slavery agenda. In the period of Reconstruction under President Grant, his paper represented anti-administration or Liberal Republican opinions. In the disputed election of 1876 he favored the claims of Samuel J. Tilden, the reform candidate who won the popular vote but lost the Electoral College. Subsequently, the paper became independent in politics.

The long-running success of Bowles's paper was attributed not only to its subject matter and local relevancy but also to its lively, concise, and professionally written style. George S. Merriam in his "Life and Times of Samuel Bowles" (1885) described Bowles's style in the following way:

His style was admirable,--simple, direct, pure, forcible without being passionate, pungent without being vulgar, often delicately sarcastic and deliciously humorous, never egotistical, never suggesting the writer, always representing the journal, and this as the voice of the people,--he was by nature, by culture, by experience the model modern working journalist. He saw the world without, partly through others, but chiefly through its own words, interpreted to him by his own divine instincts. (107)

During his lifetime, Bowles published two books of travel, "Across the Continent" (1865) and "The Switzerland of America" (1869), which were combined into one volume under the title "Our New West" (1869). While an author himself, Bowles was friends with notable men and women of American letters. Josiah Gilbert Holland, a novelist and poet, was both a friend to Bowles and an associate of the "Republican". Bowles was also a close friend and correspondent with the poet Emily Dickinson and her family. It has been speculated that he is the subject of Dickinson's erotic and submissive "Master" letters, though this is debated among scholars. [McDermott, John F. "Beyond the Master Letters". "Biography". 23.3 (2000): 524-33 ]

In 1848 Bowles married Mary Schermerhorn, and together they had several children. Bowles died in Springfield in 1878, and he was succeeded as publisher and editor-in-chief of the "Republican" by his son Samuel Bowles (IV) (1851-1915). Samuel Bowles (IV) married Elizabeth Hoar, the daughter of Ebenezer R. Hoar and niece of George Frisbie Hoar.

References

* [http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=669321 George S. Merriam, "Life and Times of Samuel Bowles" V. 1 (1885)]
* [http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=514481 Richard Hooker, "The Story of an Independent Newspaper" (1924)]
* [http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=9246370 John J. Scanlon, "The Passing of the Springfield Republican" (1950)]
*1911
*Parts of this article come from [http://www.bartleby.com/226/1219.html "Cambridge History of English and American Literature" (1921)] in the public domain


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Samuel Bowles — may refer to:*Samuel Bowles (journalist) *Samuel Bowles (economist) …   Wikipedia

  • Bowles — may refer to:Geographical * Bowles, California * Bowles Hall, an all male residence dormitory at the University of California, BerkeleyPersons* Andrew Parker Bowles (1939 ) * His ex wife, Camilla Parker Bowles (1947 ), wife of Prince Charles *… …   Wikipedia

  • Bowles — /bohlz/, n. 1. Chester, 1901 86, U.S. statesman and author: special adviser on Afro Asian and Latin American affairs; ambassador to India 1951 53, 1963 69. 2. Paul (Frederic), born 1910?, U.S. novelist and composer. 3. Samuel, 1826 78, U.S.… …   Universalium

  • Bowles — /bohlz/, n. 1. Chester, 1901 86, U.S. statesman and author: special adviser on Afro Asian and Latin American affairs; ambassador to India 1951 53, 1963 69. 2. Paul (Frederic), born 1910?, U.S. novelist and composer. 3. Samuel, 1826 78, U.S.… …   Useful english dictionary

  • History of American newspapers — The history of American newspapers goes back to the 17th century with the publication of the first colonial newspapers.Colonial period(This section is based on [http://www.bartleby.com/225/index.html#7 The Cambridge History of English and… …   Wikipedia

  • Tageszeitungen in den Vereinigten Staaten — gibt es seit dem 17. Jahrhundert. Am 25. September 1690 wurde von Richard Pierce und Benjamin Harris die erste Ausgabe einer kolonialen Zeitung mit dem Titel Publick Occurrences: Both Foreign and Domestick (etwa: „Öffentliche… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Dow — Charles Henry Dow Charles Henry Dow (November 6, 1851 – December 4, 1902) was an American journalist who co founded Dow Jones Company with Edward Jones and Charles Bergstresser. Dow also founded The Wall Street Journal, which has become one of… …   Wikipedia

  • education — /ej oo kay sheuhn/, n. 1. the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life. 2. the act or process of… …   Universalium

  • Supply-side economics — is an arguably heterodox school of macroeconomic thought that argues that economic growth can be most effectively created using incentives for people to produce (supply) goods and services, such as adjusting income tax and capital gains tax rates …   Wikipedia

  • Der Daily Star — (französischer Originaltitel: Le Daily Star) ist ein Comic Band aus der Lucky Luke Reihe, der von Morris gezeichnet und von Xavier Fauche sowie Jean Léturgie getextet wurde. Nach der Zählung des Ehapa Verlages (beziehungsweise zu Beginn: des… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.