- Janaki Ramachandran
name = Janaki Ramachandran
caption = V.N.Janaki taking oath as the chief minister of Tamil Nadu
November 30,Fact|date=July 2007 1923
death_date = death date|1996|5|19|mf=y
Chennai, Tamil Nadu
spouse = Ganapati Bhat
M. G. Ramachandran
Janaki Ramachandran, popularly known as V.N. Janaki (
November 30,Fact|date=July 2007 1923 – May 19, 1996), was an Indian Tamil actress and politician. She was born to Rajagopal Iyer and Narayani Amma in the town of Vaikom in Kerala State. She had a brother P. Narayanan who was an educationalist. She was a successful actress and starred in more than 25 movies including "Velaikari", and "Aiyiram Thalaivangiya Aboorva Chintamani". She starred opposite M. G. Ramachandranin many films. She married Ganapati Bhat, and had a son named Janaki Surendran. She later married M. G. Ramachandran. She has four grandchildren who live in the States and two who live in chennai.When M.G.Ramachandran died in 1987, she succeeded him as the chief minister of Tamil Nadu. Janaki Ramachandran became chief minister in January 1988 after her husband's death, but the government lasted only 24 days, the shortest in the history of Tamil Nadu. Her ministry won the vote of confidence of the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly in January 1988 but the Central Government under the late Rajiv Gandhi used Article 356 of the Constitution of India to dismiss her government. Her party was defeated in the next elections held in 1989 and she quit politics.
She died of a cardiac arrest on 19th May 1996.
Janaki Ramachandran gifted her property in Avvai Shanmugham Salai (Lloyds Road) to house the headquarters of the
All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagamparty in 1986. She also gifted her property in Arcot Road to set up the MGR Memorial House in 1988. She was the founder chairman of The Satya Educational & Charitable Society managing many free educational institutions in chennai. She gifted property worth many million dollars for the establishment of educational and charitable institutions in Tamil nadu. She was also instrumental in setting up the Janaki Ramachandran Educational & Charitable Trust which is currently administring one institution. Most of the lands in which the schools are run worth millions of dollars are her gifts to charity.
Dr.MGR Janaki College of Arts and Science for Women
Dr.MGR Home and Higher Secondary School for the Speech and Hearing Impaired
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