- Guibert of Nogent
Guibert of Nogent (c.1055–1124) was a
Benedictine historian, theologian and author of autobiographical memoirs. Guibert was relatively unknown in his own time, going virtually unmentioned by his contemporaries. He has only recently caught the attention of scholars who have been more interested in his extensive autobiographical memoirs and personality which provide insight into medievallife.
Guibert was born of parents from the minor nobility at
Clermont-en-Beauvaisis. Guibert claims that it took his parents over seven years to conceive, as he writes in his "Monodiae". According to his memoirs, the labour nearly cost him and his mother their lives, as Guibert turned around in the womb. Guibert's family made an offering to a shrine of the Virgin Mary, and promised that if Guibert survived, he would be dedicated to a clerical life. Since he survived, he followed this path. His father was violent, unfaithful and prone to excess and died within a year of his birth. In his memoirs, Guibert views his death as a type of blessing, stating that if his father had survived, he likely would have forced Guibert to become a knight, thus breaking the oath to the Virgin Mary to dedicate Guibert to the church. His mother was domineering, of great beauty and intelligence, and exceedingly zealous. Guibert writes so much about his mother, and in such detail, that some scholars, such as Archambault, have suggested that he may have had an Oedipus complex. She assumed control of his education, isolated him from his peers and hired him a private tutor, from the ages of six to twelve. Guibert remembers the tutor as brutally exacting, and incompetent; yet nevertheless Guibert and his tutor developed a strong bond. Around the age of twelve, his mother retired to an abbey near Saint-Germer-de-Fly(or Flay), and Guibert soon followed. Entering the Order at St. Germer, he studied with great zeal, devoting himself at first to the secular poets Ovidand Virgil—an experience which left its imprint on his works. He later changed his focus to theology, through the influence of Anselm of Bec, who later became the Canterbury.
In 1104, he was chosen abbot of the poor and tiny abbey of Nogent-sous-Coucy (founded 1059) and henceforth took a more prominent part in ecclesiastical affairs, where he came into contact with bishops and court society. More importantly, it gave him time to engage in his passion for writing. His first major work of this period is his history of the
First Crusadecalled " Dei gesta per Francos" ("God's deeds through the Franks"), finished in 1108 and touched up in 1121. The history is largely a paraphrase, in ornate style, of the " Gesta Francorum" of an anonymous Norman author; Crusade historians have traditionally not been forthcoming with favourable reviews; the fact that he stays so close to "Gesta Francorum", and the difficulty of his Latin, make it seem superfluous. Recent editors and translators, however, have called attention to his excellent writing and original material. More importantly, the "Dei gesta" provides invaluable information about the reception of the crusade in France, both for the general public and Guibert's own personal reactions. Guibert personally knew crusaders, had grown up with crusaders, and had talked with them about their memories and experiences on their return.
For the modern reader, his autobiography ("De vita sua sive monodiarum suarum libri tres"), or "Monodiae" ("Solitary Songs", commonly referred to as his "Memoirs"), written in 1115, is typically considered the most interesting of his works. Written towards the close of his life, and based on the model of the "Confessions" of Saint Augustine, he traces his life from his childhood to adulthood. Throughout, he gives many picturesque glimpses of his time and the customs of his country. The text is typically divided into three "Books." The first covers his own life, from birth to adulthood; the second is a brief history of his monastery; the third is a description of the uprising of the commune of nearby
Laon. The description of the Laon uprising renders an account of the events through the eyes of a contemporary. He provides invaluable information on daily life in castles and monasteries, on educational methods then in vogue, and gives insights into some of the major and minor personalities of his time. His work is coloured by his personal passions and prejudices, which add a personal touch to the work, for they provide a window into one person's perspective on the medieval world.
** [http://www.archive.org/details/autobiographyofg037625mbp "The Autobiography Of Guibert"] . C.C. Swinton Bland, translator,"The Autobiography of Guibert, Abbot of Nogent-sous-Coucy" (London: George Routledge: New York: E.P. Dutton, 1925) From
*** [http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/guibert-vita.html "Memoirs"] and [http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/nogent-auto.html] from the
Internet Medieval Sourcebook. Excerpts from the English translation by C.C. Swinton Bland.
** [http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/nogent-relics.html "On the Saints and their Relics"] from the Internet Medieval Sourcebook
** [http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/guibert-laon.html "The Revolt in Laon"] from the Internet Medieval Sourcebook.
** [http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/guibert-cde.html "On the First Crusade"] , includes Guibert's version of Pope Urban's speech and impressions of Peter the Hermit.
** gutenberg author| id=Abbot+of+Nogent-sous-Coucy+Guibert | name=Guibert of Nogent
*** [http://www.gutenberg.org/etext/4370 "The Deeds of God through the Franks] , e-text from
Project Gutenburg. Translated by Robert Levine 1997.
**Paul J. Archambault (1995). "A Monk's Confession: The Memoirs of Guibert of Nogent". ISBN 0-271-01481-4
**John Benton, ed. (1970). "Self and Society in Medieval France: The Memoirs of Abbot Guibert of Nogent". A revised edition of the 1925 C.C. Swinton Bland edition, includes introduction and latest research. ISBN 0-8020-6550-3 (1984 reprint, University of Toronto Press).
**Guibert of Nogent, "Dei Gesta per Francos", ed. R.B.C. Huygens,
Corpus Christianorum, Continuatio Mediaevalis 127A (Turnhout: Brepols, 1996)
**Robert Levine (1997). "The Deeds of God through the Franks : A Translation of Guibert de Nogent's `Gesta Dei per Francos' ". ISBN 0-85115-693-2
**Jay Rubenstein (2002). "Guibert of Nogent: Portrait of a Medieval Mind". ISBN 0-415-93970-4
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Guibert de Nogent — Guibert von Nogent (* 1053; † 1124) war ein Benediktiner, Geschichtsschreiber und Theologe sowie der Autor autobiographischer Erinnerungen. Er wurde zwischen 1053 und 1065 geboren, Labande bevorzugt 1055. Sein genauer Geburtsort ist unbekannt,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Guibert von Nogent — (* um 1055; † um 1125) war ein Benediktiner, Geschichtsschreiber und Theologe sowie der Autor autobiographischer Erinnerungen. Er wurde zwischen 1053 und 1065 geboren, Labande bevorzugt 1055. Sein genauer Geburtsort ist unbekannt, lag aber in der … Deutsch Wikipedia
Guibert de nogent — (né le samedi 15 avril 1055 1125) né près du village de Catenoy dans le Beauvaisis, il devient moine à l abbaye bénédictine Saint Germer de Fly jusqu en 1104, date au cours de laquelle il est élu abbé de l abbaye de Nogent sous Coucy … Wikipédia en Français
GUIBERT DE NOGENT — (1053 1124) Moine et chroniqueur. Issu d’une famille de petite noblesse picarde, Guibert reçut une éducation soignée et notamment une culture classique assez remarquable. Moine à Saint Germer (1064), puis élu abbé de Nogent sous Coucy (1104), il… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Guibert von Nogent — [gi bɛːr nɔ ʒã], mittellateinischer Autor, * Clermont (bei Beauvais) 15. 4. 1055, ✝ Nogent sous Coucy (heute zu Coucy le Château Auffrique, Département Aisne) nach 1125; wurde Mönch im Kloster Saint Germer de Fly (Département Oise) und 1104 Abt … Universal-Lexikon
Guibert de Nogent — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Nogent. Guibert de Nogent (vers 1055 † vers 1125) est né un samedi saint, veille de Pâques, près du village de Catenoy dans le Beauvaisis. Les historiens contemporains peinent à fixer l année de naissance de… … Wikipédia en Français
Guibert of Nogent — Latin historian of the First Crusade (q.v.). It is not clear if he was present at the Council of Clermont (q.v.), but it is certain that he did not go on the First Crusade. His history of the First Crusade (The History That Is Called Deeds of… … Historical dictionary of Byzantium
Guibert — may refer to: *Jacques Antoine Hippolyte de Guibert, Napoleonic French civil military theorist *Guibert of Nogent, Benedictine author and theologian *Andres Guibert, NBA player *Hervé Guibert, modern French author *Joseph Hippolyte Guibert,… … Wikipedia
Guibert — ist der Name folgender Personen: Guibert von Nogent (1053–1124), Benediktiner, Theologe und Autor Hervé Guibert (1955–1991), französischer Schriftsteller und Fotograf Jacques Antoine Hippolyte Guibert (1743–1790), französischer General und… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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