- Battle of Dresden
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Dresden
War of the Sixth Coalition
caption=Battle of Dresden
27 August, 1813
Dresden, Saxony, present-day Germany
result= Decisive French victory
combatant1=flagicon|France French Empire
Laurent Gouvion Saint-Cyr
Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg
The Battle of Dresden was fought on 26-
27 August, 1813around Dresden, Germany, resulting in a French victory under Napoleon I against forces of the Sixth Coalitionof Austrians, Russians and Prussians under Field MarshalSchwartzenberg. However, Napoleon's victory was not as complete as it could have been. Substantial pursuit was not undertaken after the battle, and the flanking corps was surrounded and forced to surrender a few days later at the Battle of Kulm.
16 August, Napoleon had sent Marshal Saint-Cyr's corps to fortify and hold Dresden in order to hinder allied movements and to serve as a possible base for his own maneuvers. He planned to strike against the interior lines of his enemies and defeat them in detail, before they could combine their full strength. He had some 300,000 men against allied forces totaling over 450,000. But the Coalition avoided battle with Napoleon himself, choosing to attack his subordinate commanders instead (see the Trachenburg Plan). On 23 August, at the Battle of Grossbeeren, south of Berlin, Crown Prince Charles of Sweden (formerly French Marshal Bernadotte, Napoleon's own Marshal) defeated his old comrade Marshal Oudinot. And on 26 August, Prussian Marshal Blücher defeated Marshal MacDonald at the Katzbach.
On the same day as Katzbach, Marshal Schwarzenberg, with over 200,000 men of the Austrian Army of Bohemia (and accompanied by the Austrian Emperor, the Russian Tsar and the Prussian King) attacked Saint-Cyr. But Napoleon arrived quickly and unexpectedly with reinforcements to repel this assault. Outnumbered 2-1, Napoleon attacked the following day (
27 August), turned the allied left flank, and won an impressive tactical victory. Then suddenly, he had to leave the field by virtue of a sudden fit of gastric spasma and the failure to follow up on his success allowed Schwarzenberg to withdraw and narrowly escape encirclement. The Coalition had lost some 38,000 men and 40 guns. French casualties totaled around 10,000.
General Vandamme, acting mainly on his own initiative but without support from Saint-Cyr or the other Marshals, pursued the retreating Schwarzenberg, as he knew his Emperor would have wished. This resulted in the
Battle of Kulmthree days later.
*Some of Napoleon's officers noted he was "suffering from a violent cholic, which had been brought on by the cold rain, to which he had been exposed during the whole of the battle of the 27th." [http://www.peterswald.org/geschichte/Pete_rovigo.html 1]
* [http://napoleonistyka.atspace.com/BATTLE_OF_DRESDEN.htm Battle of Dresden 1813 - maps, illustrations]
* [http://www.Peterswald.org/geschichte/Pete_rovigo.html Memoirs] of the Duke Rovigo
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