1974 FIFA World Cup


1974 FIFA World Cup

Infobox International Football Competition
tourney_name = FIFA World Cup
year = 1974
other_titles = Fußball-Weltmeisterschaft 1974



size = 150px
caption = 1974 FIFA World Cup official logo
country = West Germany
dates = June 8July 8
confederations = 5
num_teams = 16
venues = 9
cities = 9
champion = West Germany
count = 2
second = Netherlands
third = Poland
fourth = Brazil
fourth-flagvar = 1968
matches = 38
goals = 97
attendance = 1774022
top_scorer = flagicon|POL Grzegorz Lato (7 goals)
The 1974 FIFA World Cup, the tenth staging of the World Cup, was held in West Germany from June 13 to July 7. West Germany had been chosen in July 1966 as hosts by FIFA. The tournament marked the first time that the current trophy, the FIFA World Cup Trophy, created by the Italian sculptor Silvio Gazzaniga, was awarded. The previous trophy, the Jules Rimet Trophy, was won for the third time by Brazil in 1970 and awarded permanently to the Brazilians. The host nation won the title beating the Netherlands in the final, 2-1. The victory was the second for West Germany, who had won in 1954.

Qualification

Ninety-eight countries took part in the qualifying tournament, and as usual there were some high-profile failures on the road to the finals. England were among them, having lost out to Poland in their qualifying group. France, Spain and Hungary also failed to reach the finals. First-time qualifiers included East Germany, Haiti, Australia and Zaire, the first team from sub-Saharan Africa to reach the World Cup finals.

ummary

First Round

Attendances were rather low Fact|date=September 2007. The tournament was held mostly in bad weather, and the stadia had few protected places. Few western European nations had qualified, of which most were eliminated early. Fans from the Eastern neighbor states were hindered by political circumstances, or by lack of funds.

Carlos Caszely of Chile became the first player to be sent off with a red card in a World Cup match, during their match against West Germany. Red cards were formally introduced in World Cup play in 1970, but no players were sent off in that tournament. The format of the competition changed from 1970: 16 teams qualified, divided into four groups of four. The top two teams in each group advanced to the second round, where they split into two groups of four. The winners of each group played each other in the final, and the second place finishers in the third place match.

Two teams made a particularly powerful impact on the first round. The Netherlands demonstrated the Total football techniques pioneered by the top Dutch club Ajax, in which specialised positions were virtually abolished for the outfield players, and individual players became defenders, midfielders or strikers as the situation required. The Dutch marked their World Cup finals debut by topping their first-round group, with wins over Uruguay and Bulgaria and a draw with Sweden. Sweden joined the Dutch in the second group round after beating Uruguay 3-0.

Poland, meanwhile, took maximum points from a group containing two of the favourites for the tournament. They beat Argentina 3-2, trounced Haiti 7-0, then beat Italy 2-1 - a result that knocked the Italians out of the Cup and resulted in Argentina sneaking to the second group round on goal average. While Haiti didn't do particularly well in their first World Cup finals (losing all three of their games) they did have one moment of glory. In their opening game against Italy, they managed to take the lead with a goal from Emmanuel Sanon, before eventually losing 3-1 (Italy had not conceded a goal in 19 international matches). That goal proved to be a significant goal as it ended Dino Zoff's run of 1142 minutes without conceding a goal.

Group 2 was a particularly close group. The group was decided by how many goals could Brazil, Yugoslavia and Scotland score to defeat Zaire. Every other game played in the group was drawn. So the three top teams all finished with four points. Yugoslavia hammered them 9-0. Brazil beat them 3-0. Scotland could only manage a 2-0 margin, and so were edged out of the tournament on goal difference. After holding the mighty Brazil to a goalless draw, and going through the group unbeaten, the Scots were entitled to feel very unlucky to be eliminated. Group 1 contained both East Germany and the host West Germany, and they both progressed at the expense of Chile and Australia. But the big clash was between the two German teams. In one of the most politically charged matches of all time, it was the East that won, thanks to a late Jürgen Sparwasser goal. Despite the fact that they were safely through to the second group round, the embarrassing result caused a realignment of the West German team that helped them win the Cup.

econd Group Round

Ironically, the two second-round groups both produced matches that were, in effect, semi-finals. In Group A, the Netherlands and Brazil met after each had taken maximum points from their previous two matches. In Group B, the same was true of West Germany and Poland - so the winners of these two games would contest the final.

In Group A, two goals from the inspirational Johan Cruyff helped the Dutch side thrash Argentina 4-0. At the same time, Brazil defeated East Germany 1-0. The Dutch triumphed over East Germany 2-0 while in the "Battle of the South Americans", Brazil managed to defeat Argentina 2-1 in a scrappy match. Argentina and East Germany tied 1-1 and were on their way home while the crucial match between the Netherlands and Brazil turned into another triumph for 'total football', as second-half goals from Johan Neeskens and Cruyff put the Netherlands in the final. However the match would also be remembered for x-rated defending on both sides.

Meanwhile, in Group B, West Germany and Poland both managed to beat Yugoslavia and Sweden. The crucial game between the Germans and the Poles was goalless until the 76th minute, when Gerd Muller scored to send the hosts through 1-0. The Poles took third place after defeating Brazil 1-0.

The Final

West Germany was led by Franz Beckenbauer, while the Dutch had their star Johan Cruijff, and their Total Football system which had dazzled the competition. With just a minute gone on the clock, following a solo run, Cruijff was brought down by Uli Hoeneß close to the German penalty area, and the Dutch took the lead from the ensuing penalty by Johan Neeskens before any German player had even touched the ball. West Germany struggled to recover, and the 26th minute was soon awarded a penalty after Bernd Hölzenbein fell within the Dutch area, causing British referee to award another controversial penalty. Joao Havelange (former FIFA President from 1974 to 1998) claimed that the 1966 and 1974 World Cups were fixed so that England and Germany would win respectively [ [http://www.goal.com/en/Articolo.aspx?ContenutoId=753029 Goal.com 1966 & 1974 World Cups Were Fixed - Former FIFA President] ] , however this would be strange considering Germany had a penalty awarded against them so early in the final and Havelange's comments were littered with references to how his home nation of Brazil should have won, hinting that the comments are biased. Paul Breitner spontaneously decided to kick, and scored. These two penalties were the first in a World Cup final. West Germany now pushed, but could not score, until when in the 43rd, in his typical style, Gerd Müller scored what turned out to be the winning goal, and the last of his career as he retired from the national team. The second half saw chances for both sides, with Müller putting the ball in the net for a goal that was disallowed as offside. In the 85th, Hölzenbein was fouled again, but no penalty this time. Eventually, West Germany, European Champions of 1972, also won the 1974 World Cup. This is the only case of the reigning European champions winning the World Cup, although France have also held both trophies at the same time by winning the 1998 World Cup followed by Euro 2000.

Poland's Grzegorz Lato led the tournament in scoring seven goals. Gerd Müller's goal in the final was the 14th in his career of two World Cups, beating Just Fontaine's record of 13, in his single World Cup. Müller's record was only surpassed in 2006 by Ronaldo's 15 goals from three World Cups.

Mascot

The official mascots of this World Cup were "Tip" and "Tap", two boys wearing outfit similar to West Germany's, with the letters WM ("Weltmeisterschaft", World Cup) and number 74.

Venues

col-2

footballbox
date = 1974-06-13
time = 17:00
team1 = fb-rt|BRA|1968
score = 0 – 0
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=1986/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|YUG
goals1 =
goals2 =
stadium = Waldstadion, Frankfurt
attendance = 62,000
referee = Rudolf Scheurer (Switzerland)
----footballbox
date = 1974-06-14
time = 19:30
team1 = fb-rt|ZAI
score = 0 – 2
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=2176/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|SCO
goals1 =
goals2 = Lorimer goal|26
Jordan goal|34
stadium = Westfalenstadion, Dortmund
attendance = 25,000
referee = Gerhard Schulenburg (West Germany)
----footballbox
date = 1974-06-18
time = 19:30
team1 = fb-rt|YUG
score = 9 – 0
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=2186/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|ZAI
goals1 = Bajević goal|8 goal|30 goal|81
Džajić goal|14
Šurjak goal|18
Katalinski goal|22
Bogićević goal|35
Oblak goal|61
Petković goal|65
goals2 =
stadium = Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
attendance = 20,000
referee = Omar Delgado Gómez (Colombia)
----footballbox
date = 1974-06-18
time = 19:30
team1 = fb-rt|SCO
score = 0 – 0
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=1985/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|BRA|1968
goals1 =
goals2 =
stadium = Waldstadion, Frankfurt
attendance = 50,000
referee = Arie van Gemert (Netherlands)
----footballbox
date = 1974-06-22
time = 16:00
team1 = fb-rt|SCO
score = 1 – 1
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=2175/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|YUG
goals1 = Jordan goal|88
goals2 = Karasi goal|81
stadium = Waldstadion, Frankfurt
attendance = 60,000
referee = González Archundía (Mexico)
----footballbox
date = 1974-06-22
time = 16:00
team1 = fb-rt|ZAI
score = 0 – 3
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=1987/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|BRA|1968
goals1 =
goals2 = Jairzinho goal|12
Rivelino goal|66
Valdomiro goal|79
stadium = Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
attendance = 35,000
referee = Nicolae Rainea (Romania)

*Brazil beats Scotland by better goal difference

Group 3

footballbox
date = 1974-06-26
time = 19:30
team1 = fb-rt|NED
score = 4 – 0
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=1948/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|ARG|alt
goals1 = Cruijff goal|11 goal|90
Krol goal|25
Rep goal|73
goals2 =
stadium = Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
attendance = 55,348
referee = Bob Davidson (Scotland)
----footballbox
date = 1974-06-26
time = 19:30
team1 = fb-rt|BRA|1968
score = 1 – 0
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=1982/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|GDR
goals1 = Rivelino goal|60
goals2 =
stadium = Niedersachsenstadion, Hanover
attendance = 58,463
referee = Clive Thomas (Wales)
----footballbox
date = 1974-06-30
time = 16:00
team1 = fb-rt|ARG|alt
score = 1 – 2
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=1945/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|BRA|1968
goals1 = Brindisi goal|35
goals2 = Rivelino goal|32
Jairzinho goal|49
stadium = Niedersachsenstadion, Hanover
attendance = 38,000
referee = Vital Loraux (Belgium)
----footballbox
date = 1974-06-30
time = 16:00
team1 = fb-rt|GDR
score = 0 – 2
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=2067/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|NED
goals1 =
goals2 = Neeskens goal|7
Rensenbrink goal|59
stadium = Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
attendance = 67,148
referee = Rudolf Scheurer (Switzerland)
----footballbox
date = 1974-07-03
time = 19:30
team1 = fb-rt|ARG|alt
score = 1 – 1
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=1946/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|GDR
goals1 = Houseman goal|20
goals2 = Streich goal|14
stadium = Parkstadion, Gelsenkirchen
attendance = 53,054
referee = Jack Taylor (England)
----footballbox
date = 1974-07-03
time = 19:30
team1 = fb-rt|NED
score = 2 – 0
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=1983/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|BRA|1968
goals1 = Neeskens goal|50
Cruijff goal|65
goals2 =
stadium = Westfalenstadion, Dortmund
attendance = 52,500
referee = Kurt Tschenscher (West Germany)

Group B

footballbox
date = 1974-06-26
time = 16:00
team1 = fb-rt|YUG
score = 0 – 2
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=2066/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|FRG
goals1 =
goals2 = Breitner goal|39
Müller goal|82
stadium = Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf
attendance = 66,085
referee = Armando Marques (Brazil)
----footballbox
date = 1974-06-26
time = 19:30
team1 = fb-rt|SWE
score = 0 – 1
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=2167/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|POL
goals1 =
goals2 = Lato goal|43
stadium = Neckarstadion, Stuttgart
attendance = 43,755
referee = Ramon Barreto (Uruguay)
----footballbox
date = 1974-06-30
time = 16:00
team1 = fb-rt|POL
score = 2 – 1
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=2170/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|YUG
goals1 = Deyna goal|24|pen.
Lato goal|62
goals2 = Karasi goal|43
stadium = Waldstadion, Frankfurt
attendance = 55,000
referee = Rudi Glöckner (East Germany)
----footballbox
date = 1974-06-30
time = 19:30
team1 = fb-rt|FRG
score = 4 – 2
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=2065/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|SWE
goals1 = Overath goal|51
Bonhof goal|52
Grabowski goal|76
Hoeness goal|89|pen.
goals2 = Edström goal|24
Sandberg goal|53
stadium = Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf
attendance = 66,500
referee = Nicolae Rainea (Romania)
----footballbox
date = 1974-07-03
time = 16:30
team1 = fb-rt|POL
score = 0 – 1
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=2064/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|FRG
goals1 =
goals2 = Müller goal|76
stadium = Waldstadion, Frankfurt
attendance = 59,000
referee = Erich Linemayr (Austria)
----footballbox
date = 1974-07-03
time = 19:30
team1 = fb-rt|SWE
score = 2 – 1
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=2182/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|YUG
goals1 = Edström goal|29
Torstensson goal|85
goals2 = Šurjak goal|27
stadium = Rheinstadion, Düsseldorf
attendance = 40,000
referee = Luis Pestarino (Argentina)

Third place match

footballbox
date = 1974-07-06
time = 16:00
team1 = fb-rt|BRA|1968
score = 0 – 1
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=1984/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|POL
goals1 =
goals2 = Lato goal|76
stadium = Olympiastadion, Munich
attendance = 74,100
referee = Aurelio Angonese (Italy)

Final

footballbox
date = 1974-07-07
time = 16:00
team1 = fb-rt|NED
score = 1 – 2
report = [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/results/matches/match=2063/report.html (Report)]
team2 = fb|FRG
goals1 = Neeskens goal|2|pen.
goals2 = Breitner goal|25|pen.
Müller goal|43
stadium = Olympiastadion, Munich
attendance = 75,200
referee = Jack Taylor (England)

Awards

corers

7 goals
*flagicon|POL Grzegorz Lato

5 goals
*flagicon|NED Johan Neeskens
*flagicon|POL Andrzej Szarmach

4 goals
*flagicon|GER Gerd Müller
*flagicon|NED Johnny Rep
*flagicon|SWE Ralf Edström

3 goals
*flagicon|ARG|alt René Houseman
*flagicon|BRA|1968 Rivelino
*flagicon|GER Paul Breitner
*flagicon|NED Johan Cruijff
*flagicon|POL Kazimierz Deyna
*flagicon|YUG Dušan Bajević

2 goals
*flagicon|ARG|alt Héctor Yazalde
*flagicon|BRA|1968 Jairzinho
*flagicon|GDR Joachim Streich
*flagicon|GER Wolfgang Overath
*flagicon|Haiti|1964 Emmanuel Sanon
*flagicon|SCO Joe Jordan
*flagicon|SWE Roland Sandberg
*flagicon|YUG Stanislav Karasi
*flagicon|YUG Ivica Šurjak

;1 goal
*flagicon|ARG|alt Rubén Ayala
*flagicon|ARG|alt Carlos Babington
*flagicon|ARG|alt Miguel Ángel Brindisi
*flagicon|ARG|alt Ramón Heredia
*flagicon|BRA|1968 Valdomiro
*flagicon|BUL|1971 Hristo Bonev
*flagicon|CHI Sergio Ahumada
*flagicon|GDR Martin Hoffmann
*flagicon|GDR Jürgen Sparwasser
*flagicon|GER Rainer Bonhof
*flagicon|GER Bernhard Cullmann
*flagicon|GER Jürgen Grabowski
*flagicon|GER Uli Hoeneß

*flagicon|ITA Pietro Anastasi
*flagicon|ITA Romeo Benetti
*flagicon|ITA Fabio Capello
*flagicon|ITA Gianni Rivera
*flagicon|NED Theo de Jong
*flagicon|NED Ruud Krol
*flagicon|NED Rob Rensenbrink
*flagicon|POL Jerzy Gorgoń
*flagicon|SCO Peter Lorimer
*flagicon|SWE Conny Torstensson
*flagicon|URU Ricardo Pavoni
*flagicon|YUG Vladislav Bogićević
*flagicon|YUG Dragan Džajić
*flagicon|YUG Josip Katalinski
*flagicon|YUG Branko Oblak
*flagicon|YUG Ilija Petković

;Own goals
*flagicon|ARG|alt Roberto Perfumo (for Italy)
*flagicon|AUS Colin Curran (for East Germany)
*flagicon|NED Ruud Krol (for Bulgaria)

External links

* [http://www.fifa.com/worldcup/archive/edition=39/index.html 1974 FIFA World Cup at FIFA.com]
* [http://www.rsssf.com/tables/74full.html Details at RSSSF]
* [http://homepages.enterprise.net/eico/1974.htm History of the World Cup-1974]
* [http://www.planetworldcup.com/CUPS/1974/wc74index.html Planet World Cup - West Germany 1974]


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