- Capacitor-input filter
The capacitor-input filter, also called "Pi" filter due to its shape that looks like the Greek letter pi, is a type of
electronic filter. Filter circuits are used to remove unwanted or undesired frequencies from a signal.
A typical capacitor input filter consists of a filter
capacitorC1, connected across the rectifier output, a choke L, in series and another filter capacitor connected across the load.
capacitorC1 offers low reactance to the AC component of the rectifier output while it offers infinite reactance to the DC component. As a result the capacitor bypasses an appreciable amount of the AC component while the DC component continues its journey to the choke L
# The choke L offers high reactance to the AC component but it offers almost zero reactance to the DC component. As a result the DC component flows through the choke while the AC component is blocked.
capacitorC2 bypasses the AC component which the choke had failed to block. As a result only the DC component appears across the load.
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