Everything That Happens Will Happen Today


Everything That Happens Will Happen Today
Everything That Happens Will Happen Today
A pixelated, isometric view of a red brick house white highlights and brown trim. The number "2" is over the door and there is a lush green field and a small pond surrounding the house.
Cover to the Compact Disc, digital, and vinyl versions of the album
Studio album by David Byrne and Brian Eno
Released 04:00:00, August 18, 2008 (UTC) (2008-08-18T04:00:00Z)
Recorded Demoed by Eno in his London home studio through 2006, finished by Byrne and Leo Abrahams in their New York City and London home studios through 2008; additional instrumentation recorded at Cafe Music Studios and at Harder Sound in New York  City.
Genre Electronic, gospel[1]
Length 47:16
Language English
Label Todo Mundo
Producer David Byrne and Brian Eno, additional production by Leo Abrahams
David Byrne and Brian Eno chronology
My Life in the Bush of Ghosts
(1981)
Everything That Happens Will Happen Today
(2008)
David Byrne chronology
Grown Backwards
(2004)
Everything That Happens Will Happen Today
(2008)
Big Love: Hymnal
(2008)
Brian Eno chronology
Beyond Even (1992–2006)
(with Robert Fripp)
(2008)
Everything That Happens Will Happen Today
(2008)
Small Craft on a Milk Sea
(with Leo Abrahams and Jon Hopkins)
(2010)
Singles from Everything That Happens Will Happen Today
  1. "Strange Overtones"
    Released: August 4, 2008 (2008-08-04)
  2. "One Fine Day"
    Released: May 11, 2009 (2009-05-11)
Deluxe Edition
A cylindrical tin houses two Compact Discs with a small red brick house white highlights and brown trim on top. There is a lush green field and a small pond surrounding the house and a busy street with several automobiles driving in front of it. The title of the album is written along the lateral edge of the tin in red letters on a white background. The tin is opened to display a white die with "EVERYTHING / THAT / HAPPENS" written on it in black, a red and white capsule, and a white booklet with "DB / - / BE" written in red. Two Compact Discs are lying beside it with a grass design on them; one has "STICK / THE MUSIC" written on it in white and the other has "ROCK / BONUS CONTENT" written on it in white. The white box that housed the content is standing beside them with a stencil outline on its cover reading "DAVID BYRNE / & BRIAN ENO / EVERYTHING / THAT HAPPENS / WILL HAPPEN / TODAY".
The tin that houses the deluxe edition of the album is a 3-D representation of the standard cover and contains several extra items.

Everything That Happens Will Happen Today is the second album made in collaboration between David Byrne and Brian Eno, released on August 18, 2008, by Todo Mundo. The album explores themes of humanity versus technology and optimism in spite of bleak circumstance through the blending of electronic and Gospel music. Critical reception was largely positive and the album received awards for both the musical content as well as the packaging and technical production.

This album is the first joint effort between the two musicians since 1981's My Life in the Bush of Ghosts and Eno's work producing and co-writing with Talking Heads. Byrne and Eno worked on the tracks with collaborators in their home studios throughout 2007 and early 2008 over e-mail. The single "Strange Overtones" was released for free to promote the album and Byrne toured through 2008 and 2009, performing songs from this release as well as the duo's previous collaborations. This tour was later documented with the live extended play Everything That Happens Will Happen on This Tour – David Byrne on Tour: Songs of David Byrne and Brian Eno and the concert film Ride, Rise, Roar.

Everything That Happens Will Happen Today was released with a unique marketing strategy that involved Byrne creating the vanity label Todo Mundo and hiring Internet startup company Topspin Media to promote the album online using word-of-mouth and Internet sales to market the music. Several formats were created to allow users to have options on how to listen to the music—from free streaming audio to a deluxe package housed in a tin.

Contents

Background

In December 2007, David Byrne announced on the BBC Radio music show The Weekender that he was working with former collaborator Brian Eno on a brand new album of "proper songs," describing it as a "completely different thing" from the experimental My Life in the Bush of Ghosts. While the two were discussing the 2006 remix of that album at a dinner party, Eno suggested adding lyrics and vocals[2] to songs that he had written and intended to finish,[3] some of which were eight years old.[4] The duo did not initially plan on making an entire album, but as they progressed, they felt confident enough to finish a full collection of songs.[5] Although the two had discussed making an album together for several years, this was their first sincere effort since the early 1980s.[6]

Byrne visited Eno's London studio to listen to the rough mixes of his demos[7] and the two decided to collaborate to finish writing the songs, leaving Eno and Peter Chilvers to convert a variety of digital music formats into MIDI, thereby stripping out extraneous information and making them suitable for Byrne to embellish[8] (Chilvers would be thanked in the liner notes as "Digital Archaeologist").[9] The two continued to work on this and other musical projects for several months—although Byrne confessed that he was initially "terrified" at writing lyrics for the demos—and agreed that if the project was not enjoyable for both of them, they would abandon it.[3] The duo decided to remain low-key about the project and not announce their new collaboration for fear that they may not complete an album's worth of new material,[10] or if they ended up re-treading their previous collaborations and decided against releasing the new songs.[11]

Composition

Eno had several musical compositions, but could not write lyrics to accompany them, whereas Byrne had several lyrics with no accompaniment.[12] Eno wanted to make the vocals the "central event" of the music by pairing Gospel singing with unexpected electronic music[7] that also included elements of West African music.[13] The songwriting's emphasis on vocals was partially inspired by Phillip Bimstein.[14] In autumn 2007,[15] Byrne took a Compact Disc of stereo mixes[16] of the demos from Eno and spent a year trying to write lyrics to finish the songs, attempting to balance the simple chords that Eno had written with the more complex ones Byrne prefers.[17] Although it was uncharacteristic for Eno, many of the songs were written on acoustic guitar, with the help of Steinberg Cubase.[18] The musicians exchanged Eno's demos with the lyrics and vocal melodies completed by Byrne over e-mail until 14 songs were recorded prior to June 2008.[2] Eno initially gave positive feedback, which encouraged Byrne to continue writing and only became critical as the project was finishing.[19] Toward the end of the recording, Eno sent increasingly challenging tracks to see if Byrne could complete them—the final two ended up on the album as "I Feel My Stuff" and "Poor Boy".[20]

At the outset, Byrne was hesitant to add lyrics to the tracks because it sounded too much like folk music.[21] He characterized the process as very slow and full of trepidation,[22] in part because of expectations from their previous collaboration[23] and also due to the strict division of labor they had between writing instrumentation and vocalization.[18] Eno only provided a few vocal sketches and suggested simple changes like adding an extra chorus.[24] Byrne made minimal changes to the instrumentation[25] on several tracks[16] and avoided changing chords in the melody to suit his singing style.[26] The duo only worked in the studio together on two occasions, including one full week and a weekend on another occasion[10] and neither partner got a veto in the process of track selection or production.[27] According to Byrne, the main challenge in this writing technique "was more emotional than technical: to write simple heartfelt tunes without drawing on cliché."[28]

He later explained, "In a nutshell, Brian wrote most of the music, and I composed most of the vocal melodies and lyrics, and then sang them."[29] If Byrne's vocal harmonies were radical enough, Eno would revise the instrumentation to accompany it,[17] but Byrne avoided writing instrumentation and chose to adapt to the instrumentals as written.[30] Using a style similar to the Talking Heads album Speaking in Tongues, Byrne scatted and murmured some lyrics before they were completed[31] and Eno also contributed some vocal harmonization he credits as "inhuman piano"[8] due to Byrne's preference for the sonic quality of lyrics rather than their literal meaning[32] and his method of writing lyrics using free association.[33] In composing lyrics for the album, Byrne attempted to write keeping in mind what would please Eno as his collaborator.[10] He also attempted to write harmonies for Eno, who decided against singing on the album.[34]

Both musicians continued to work on their own projects during the composition of Everything That Happens Will Happen Today. Byrne conducted the second season of Big Love and completed his collaborations with Fatboy Slim: the musical and album Here Lies Love and the non-album single "Toe Jam". Eno produced Coldplay's Viva la Vida or Death and All His Friends and U2's No Line on the Horizon. Byrne and Eno discussed the former's collaboration with Fatboy Slim[31] and Chris Martin of Coldplay wrote a song to the instrumental track for "One Fine Day",[21] but acquiesced when he heard Byrne's lyrics[34] (the band would also adapt another one of Eno's instrumental compositions that Byrne did not finish into a track on Viva la Vida.)[16] Once that song was finished,[3] the two began in earnest writing the rest of the tracks.[35] Byrne initially had a long delay in writing material,[36] but as the project progressed, he got to working several hours a day on the album[18] and put his collaboration with Fatboy Slim on hold to finish the songs in the spring of 2008,[37] with two of the tracks were finished at the end of the sessions.[38] He later described the process as easy once details were sort out[39] and summed up this method as "pure joy"[34] and declared writing collaboratively to be easier than writing solo.[40] He even credited the time between their last collaboration and the transatlantic distance as a strength, since it allowed the two to keep their own schedules.[25] Eno agreed, as it gave him time to focus on a small piece of music without holding up Byrne's progress.[19] Byrne later used a similar approach in collaborations with St. Vincent[41] and Will Oldham[42] through 2010 and 2011.

Themes

A young black man in glasses and a suit (Valentino Achak Deng) sits to the right of a Caucasian man with wavy black hair wearing a white shirt (Dave Eggers)
The story of Valentino Achak Deng (left)—as told by Dave Eggers (right) in the book What Is the What: The Autobiography of Valentino Achak Deng—inspired Byrne to write hopeful lyrics.

The two were inspired by Gospel music and both have described it as "electronic Gospel"—in particular the tracks "Life Is Long"[43] and "One Fine Day".[44] In addition to subtle Biblical themes in the lyrics,[2] Eno was influenced by Gospel musicality, which he initially discovered through Talking Heads while working on More Songs About Buildings and Food[45] by listening to "Surrender to His Will" by Reverend Maceo Woods and The Christian Tabernacle Choir.[46] For several years leading up to this project, Eno had primarily listened to Gospel music—even joining a Gospel choir[47]—and was attracted to the music's unrestrained vocals and lack of pessimism[48] as well as its inclusive nature.[49] Eno had been thinking about Gospel for several years,[50] but could not write lyrics to hopeful songs.[12]

While Byrne considers the music "[un]like any contemporary gospel record that you would hear out there," it is "informed by that feeling and those kind of lyrics, which allude to hope in the face of despair."[17] Eno also considers the album "something that combines something very human and fallible and personal, with something very electronic and mathematical sometimes." The music combines electronic and Gospel influences to "make that picture of the human still trying to survive in an increasingly complicated digital world... It's quite easy to make just digital music and it's quite easy to make just human music, but to try and make a combination is sort of, exciting, I think."[51] Tracks such as "My Big Nurse" combine apocalypticism and comfort, blending hopefulness and despair.[52]

The instrumental demos were primarily written in major chords, which Byrne considered slightly "ominous" and surprising from Eno.[10] In spite of this, Byrne's lyrics ended up being hopeful and spiritual,[53] with themes of redemption[8]—what he considers "optimism in spite of the dread."[10] The tension between optimism and pessimism[19] and the spiritual themes quickly emerged over the course of a year in which Byrne was writing lyrics,[54] which he has speculated might be an antidote to being "completely pessimistic and cynical about politics and the state of the world;"[22] for instance, "The River"[55] is about the effects of Hurricane Katrina.[54] He has also cited the political climate of the Iraq War, the beginning of the late-2000s recession,[56] the policies of the George W. Bush administration,[57] and his 2004 divorce from Adelle Lutz[34] as factors that inspired him to create uplifting music. As he explained, "I was surprised that's what came out... The tracks are very different from what I would have done myself. I lean toward things that are more complicated." Eno also thinks the album is much better than the songs he imagined when composing them solo.[3]

Eno has also said the album is about "paint[ing] a picture of the human trying to survive in an increasingly digital world"[58] and Byrne considered his job as lyricist to "bring more humanity" to Eno's instrumentals, which can be "cold and academic."[56] Themes of humanity struggling with technology are apparent on several tracks and Byrne has characterized the "overall vibe" of the album as "We're going to get through this. Humanity will prevail."[11] The lyrical content includes "a sinister inflection" but "many songs feel fairly uplifting and the overall tone is hopeful."[29] Byrne focused on mundane events[59] and attempted to write in a style that was "simple but not corny, basic but heartfelt." His inspiration in writing lyrics for "One Fine Day"[60] was the story of Valentino Achak Deng as told in Dave Eggers' What Is the What[61]—the two are thanked in the liner notes[9] and Byrne had previously performed at a fundraiser for Eggers' 826 Valencia.[62] The story of the Lost Boys of Sudan is emblematic of the spiritual themes of the album as they go through "all kinds of unrelenting horrors, but [are] eternally hopeful and even cheerful, in a way that defies all logic."[23] The music on this album also expresses homesickness—a lyrical trend that is apparent in Byrne's work with Talking Heads.[63]

Production

Jarvis Cocker—a Caucasian man with brown hair wearing glasses and a suit—holds a microphone onstage with his eyes closed.
Jarvis Cocker—pictured here performing in 2008—was brought in to play uncredited guitar on Everything That Happens Will Happen Today.

By March 2008, the duo had recruited Seb Rochford to play drums with Byrne in New York City. Multi-instrumentalist and previous Eno collaborator Leo Abrahams performed guitar, percussion instruments, and piano in his London home studio and played guitar with Byrne on one occasion.[64] Abrahams and Rochford would continue working on the tracks in Abrahams' studio through May, with all collaborations being carried on via e-mail.[65] Other musicians worked with Byrne in New York City and Eno in London, such as frequent Byrne collaborator Mauro Refosco, Eno's daughters Darla and Irial, and Jarvis Cocker of Pulp, who added uncredited guitar in London.[66] The duo attempted to record as much of the music from home studios as possible, saving the drums and percussion for the studio.[21] In addition to the tracks that were released, the musicians had some other instrumentals that Byrne did not complete.[10]

Speaking at an April 2008 event in New York, Byrne confirmed the release of a new album, calling it a "record of sung songs"[67] in contrast to the experimental music from My Life in the Bush of Ghosts[29] and later told the New York Daily News that "Brian had written a lot of music, but needed some words, which I know how to do. What's it sound like? Electronic Gospel. That's all I'm saying."[68] Eno also explained the differences between this album and their previous one saying, "[T]his is quite different from My Life in that the intention of that album was to not use our voices at all, but instead to find voices and stick them on to the music. This new one is different – these are songs written and sung by David... They go from electronic folk Gospel to quite indefinable areas of music."[43]

Throughout the spring and summer, Abrahams recorded drums at his home studio and Cherif Hashizume recorded more at Cafe Music Studios, while Robert Harder at Harder Sound recorded the drums on "My Big Nurse", "Never Thought", "The Painting", and "Life Is Long".[9] Abrahams collected all of the recordings to have them mixed and Byrne booked tour dates in anticipation of completing the album. Mixing continued through June 2008 in New York[69] by previous Byrne collaborator Patrick Dillett at Kampo Studios, who recorded brass and percussion. They e-mailed the mixes to Eno for final approval and sent the finalized audio to Greg Calbi at Sterling Sound for mastering.[9] On July 28, 2008, details of the album became public knowledge when Byrne posted on his blog that he and Eno had finished the new album and it would be released on August 18.[29] The album website was launched on the same day, with an a promotional video of Byrne introducing the new album.

Design

A pixelated image of a brown gable roof with a red brick fireplace; in the gutter is a discarded purple condom wrapper.
Designer Stefan Sagmeister was inspired by the music to create a domestic scene with a "dark edge", such as this roof with a discarded condom wrapper in the gutter.

The physical releases of the album came with graphics and packaging designed by Stefan Sagmeister[70] with Richard The, Joe Shouldice, and Jared Stone; illustration by Stephan Walter; and production by Gamil Design.[71] Sagmeister had earlier received a Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Package Grammy in 2005 for art direction on the Talking Heads' Once in a Lifetime box set and also designed the cover to Byrne's Feelings. This album would also win a Grammy in 2010 for Best Record Packaging[72] and was also recognized by Creative Review.[73]

His inspiration for the packaging was based on the song "Home"[74] and the artwork reflects an urban scene of a house by a roadside; the liner notes provide closeups on the home and the artwork on the Compact Disc is the grass from the lawn. Sagmeister proceeded to create not only an image for the cover, but an entire three-dimensional model for the house, which was later released as the deluxe edition packaging. Upon repeated listenings to the album, he became convinced that there was a sinister element to the setting and provided clues to the "dark edge"[74] of the scene, such as a discarded condom wrapper in the gutter,[71] a man looking out the window with binoculars,[60] and a gasoline canteen in the garage.[75]

The deluxe package comes in a tin with a microchip that plays a sound of someone walking down a hallway in the house and slamming a door when the package is opened.[76] The urban themes of the packaging are expanded in this edition, with the album entitled "Stick" and the bonus content "Rock"; discs are designed to look like they are covered in grass. This design of a pixelated, dimetric projection domestic scene has been compared to The Sims.[77]

Release

The album was self-released on August 18, 2008, exclusively through the album's website. It was made available there free for streaming and for purchase as a download of DRM-free MP3s.[2] The duo released the album from other online digital music services starting the following month,[8] including 7 Digital, Amazon MP3, eMusic, the iTunes Store,[78] Napster, and the Zune Marketplace. No record label was involved in releasing the digital format and independent distributors were allowed to handle the physical product, which was released on November 25[79] as an enhanced CD and a deluxe-packaged CD in a tin.

Formats and release history

Initially, three distinct versions of the album were released:[80]

  • Digital only – as 320 kbit/s MP3s, with a 17-page PDF digital booklet designed by Stefan Sagmeister.
  • Digital album with CD – everything included above as well as an Enhanced CD; initial orders were mailed to customers by November 30, 2008.
  • Deluxe CD – everything from both packages above as well as a bonus disc with four exclusive songs, a short film about the album directed by Hillman Curtis, and [81] a screensaver. The discs were housed in a three-dimensional version of the packaging that also contained expanded liner notes, a die with obscure phrases such as "A Dirty Bird" and "The Human Brain" printed on it, and a red and white capsule fit for human consumption.[71] Delays caused this version to be shipped in December 2008.

In addition, customers are entitled to lossless FLAC versions of the album at no extra cost. By mid-December 2008, 12 percent of customers chose to download the FLAC option.[82]

This album is catalogued as the second release from Byrne's vanity label Todo Mundo after Big Love: Hymnal; copies of the CD were marked CD-TODO-002. The CD was released in Japan with a bonus track—"Poor Boy" (Eno & Leo Abrahams Remix)—and obi strip in November 2008 through Beat Records with catalogue number BRC-218. On February 17, 2009, the album was released on 180-gram vinyl LP as LP-TODO-002.

Singles

The first single off the album—"Strange Overtones"—was released on August 4, 2008, as a free digital download available only through the album's website.[83] The track has been described as "a song about writing a song"[43] and features thematic elements of humanity versus technology that are explored throughout the album. It was downloaded over 40,000 times within the first three days it was available.[8] In September 2008, Jon Yeo created a music video for the track featuring the paintings of Brian Eno.[84] In May 2009, the song was replaced by "One Fine Day" as a free download to promote the EP Everything That Happens Will Happen on This Tour – David Byrne on Tour: Songs of David Byrne and Brian Eno.[85]

Reception

Critical reception

Professional ratings
Aggregate scores
Source Rating
Metacritic 75% (24 reviews)[86]
Review scores
Source Rating
The A.V. Club B+[87]
Allmusic 4/5 stars[88]
Robert Christgau (dud)[89]
Entertainment Weekly A−[90]
Paste 75/100[91]
Pitchfork Media 7.6/10[92]
PopMatters 8/10[93]
Rolling Stone 4/5 stars[46]
Spin 3/5 stars[94]
The Times 3/5 stars[95]
Tiny Mix Tapes 4.5/5 stars[96]

Critical reception was mostly positive; the album has an average score of 75 percent based on 24 reviews aggregated by Metacritic.[86] Positive reviews have labeled it "exceedingly pleasant" (Billboard)[97] "maddeningly infectious" (BBC),[98] and "vibrant" (Tucson Weekly.)[99] The music has been compared to the tone of U2,[94] Radiohead,[100] The Flaming Lips,[101] R.E.M.'s Up,[100] and Paul Simon[102]—especially his 2006 Eno collaboration Surprise;[103] the vocals have been declared similar to Neil Young;[104] and the arrangement has been compared to The Beach Boys.[105] Comparisons have been made with musical genres as diverse as country music[106] and old school hip hop.[107] One weakness addressed by several reviewers is the unoriginality of the music,[104] especially in comparison to the duo's previous collaborations.[108]

Contrasting Everything That Happens Will Happen Today with My Life in the Bush of Ghosts, some have found a connection between the two[109]—as well as Eno's solo work[110] and production[111] of Talking Heads' Remain in Light[112] and Little Creatures,[106] which was produced by the band[113]—in part due to the unique use of technology in the creation of both.[114] Other commentators have emphasized the differences[115] between the two projects[116] considering this album to be an "antithesis,"[117] "conservative,"[118] and "less exciting,"[119] in addition to the decision to forgo African beats and world music on this album and focus on Western pop songcraft.[120] In particular, the experimental nature of the former has been contrasted[103] with the pop music style of this album.[121] Audra Schroeder of The Austin Chronicle noted "Thirty years after first collaborating on the Talking Heads, these two don't have to mine the past since there's nothing that remarkable about Everything."[122] Francis Jones summed up his review for Hot Press by concluding "No boundaries were harmed in its making but ETHWHT is an album of unquestionably great songs"[123] and Louise Gray of New Internationalist declared that, "it's not got the edgy, funky bricolage that characterized the earlier album and nor does it seek that."[124] At the same time, other reviewers have found the break with the experimental nature of My Life in the Bush of Ghosts to be positive. Jim DeRogatis from the Chicago Sun-Times observed:

"[E]ven 27 years ago, there was nothing all that original or appealing about an ethnologically-minded mix of various world rhythms and random vocal snippets captured via shortwave radio. Anyone who claims these boys invented sampling clearly never heard Can or musique concrete. Right off the bat, 'Everything That Happens Will Happen Today' is a much more accessible, enjoyable and arguably better album than 'My Life in the Bush of Ghosts'--at least if you care about conventional pop/rock songcraft."[125]

Reviews have emphasized the contrast between optimism and foreboding on the album.[126] In addition, several reviewers[102] have noted parallels between this album and Byrne's Big Love: Hymnal,[8] particularly their common spiritual themes[127] and atmospheric moods.[128] Resident Advisor's review also notes the shift in Eno's recordings toward more Gospel vocals.[129] Steve Matteo of Crawdaddy! wrote that Eno's production dominates the album,[130] wheres Filter's Ken Scrudato considers the album primarily a David Byrne venture,[131] while The Village Voice has declared this album "more expansive and adventurous" than anything else Byrne has released in decades[132] and Greg Kot of The Chicago Tribune wrote that the album features "one of the strongest vocal performances of Byrne's career."[133] Consequence of Sound's review notes continuity between this album and Byrne's 2004 release Grown Backwards.[134]

Awards

The album was nominated for three Grammy AwardsBest Alternative Music Album, Best Recording Package, and Best Boxed or Special Limited Edition Package—on December 2, 2009.[135] On February 8, 2009, designer Stefan Sagmeister won the award for Best Recording Package at the 51st Grammy Awards.[72] The deluxe edition packaging was given a bronze medal by the Art Directors Club.[71] The album was nominated for a Technical Excellence & Creativity Award in the Record Production/Album category.[136]

Several year-end lists included the album amongst the best releases of 2008:

Publisher Accolade Year Rank
ABC News The 50 Best Albums of 2008 2009 46[137]
Allmusic AllMusic's Favorite Rock Albums of 2008 2008 Unranked, out of 25[138]
Amazon.com editors' picks Amazon Music: Best of 2008 2009 62[139]
The Buffalo News Best Albums (2000–2010) 2010 Honorable mention[140]
Chicago Sun-Times (Jim DeRogatis) The Best Albums of 2008 2008 2[141]
The Chicago Tribune (Greg Kot) Top Albums of 2008 2008 10[142]
Magnet Magnet's Top 25 Albums of 2008 2008 25[143]
No Ripcord Top 50 Albums of 2008 2008 38[144]
Pitchfork Media The 50 Best Albums of 2008 2008 41[145]
Rolling Stone Best Albums of 2008 2008 42[146]
Rough Trade Shop Albums of the Year 2008 37[147]
Seattle Weekly What We Listened to in 2009 2009 Unranked, out of 13 artists[148]
Uncut Top 50 of 2008 2008 48[149]
The Village Voice Pazz & Jop 2008 Albums 2008 29[150]
The Word Top Albums of 2008 2009 10[151]

DeRogatis' and Kot's reviews were featured on Sound Opinions[152] and the album was also placed on two individual writers' lists for No Ripcord.[153] Two contributors to No Depression included the album on their best-of lists for 2008.[154] The A.V. Club commissioned celebrities to give their picks for album of the year and Tim Heidecker chose Everything That Happens Will Happen Today describing it as "the most interesting and listenable pop record of the year, in my book."[155] The Fader's 2008 year in review named this one of the "Top Twelve Albums That We Thought Would Have a Bigger Impact On Our Lives",[156] but later declared the album "career-defining."[40] The publication dedicated their annual icon issue to Byrne in 2009 in part due to the success of this album.[157]

Several songs from this album appeared on The Village Voice's Pazz & Jop singles poll for 2008—"Strange Overtones" came in at 60, "Life Is Long" placed 337, "My Big Nurse" was 350, "Everything That Happens" ended up at 748, and "I Feel My Stuff" reached 942. In addition, a vote was cast for "Strange Undertones".[158]

Sales figures and chart performance

Although the artists have not released sales figures, they have indicated that the album was purchased across the globe during the first 24 hours it was available and that the servers hosting the album delivered "several terabytes" by September 6.[159] A report in late December asserted that they had sold "nearly 20,000 downloads."[160] In March 2009, Ian C. Rogers of Topspin Media explained that 20 percent of those who listened to the album streaming chose to purchase it and 30 percent of them included a physical copy of the CD;[161] trends that would hold through September of that year.[162] By October 2008, Byrne explained that they had recouped their losses on the album[54] and that sales had "paid back the recording costs and costs for building the Web site."[39] He would later explain that this business model worked well for established acts as well as smaller bands, due to minimal production and distribution costs.[23] Their business model also allowed them to self-release and plan a tour immediately after finishing the music production, rather than wait months for record label advancement.[11]

The album did not chart until it was physically released—a development which surprised Byrne.[78] In the first week of December, Everything That Happens Will Happen Today reached the top spot on the College Music Journal AAA charts and third on the CMJ Radio 200.[163] The album entered the Billboard 200 for the week of January 17, 2009, debuting at 182[164] with 4,008 copies sold.[165] It peaked the following week at 174 before dropping off the charts.[164] It was on the Independent Albums chart for 10 weeks, reaching 18.[164]

Region Sales charts (2008) Peak position
France Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique 127[166]
Region Sales charts (2009) Peak position
Belgium Belgian (Wallonian) Albums Chart 58[167]
New Zealand Recording Industry Association of New Zealand 31[167]
United States US Billboard 200 174[164]

Promotion

The performers on Byrne's tour wear all-white jumpsuits while dancing, playing their instruments, and singing.
Performers from the Songs of David Byrne and Brian Eno Tour on the opening night—September 16, 2008—at the Zoellner Arts Center–Baker Hall in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. (Left to right):
Back: Mauro Refosco (percussion), Graham Hawthorne (drums), and Mark De Gli Antoni (keyboards)
Middle: Kaïssa (background vocals), Redray Frazier (background vocals), Jenni Muldaur (background vocals), and Paul Frazier (bass guitar)
Front: Steven Reker (dancing), Byrne (vocals and guitar), Natalie Kuhn (dancing), and Lily Baldwin (dancing)

While Byrne and Eno did a few interviews for the album and subsequent tour, the two attempted to market Everything That Happens Will Happen Today via word-of-mouth and Internet hype rather than a traditional marketing scheme.[168] Eno was convinced in part because of his own preferences for digital music from the iTunes Store[169] rather than CDs[58] as well as the success of Radiohead's 2007 album In Rainbows and the self-promotional strategies of Nine Inch Nails for the albums Year Zero, Ghosts I–IV, and The Slip.[21] Byrne was also impressed by Radiohead's release strategy as a means of valuing music.[170] The duo carefully avoided Internet leaks by not giving out promotional copies of the album to journalists, but Byrne did preview the song "One Fine Day" prior to the release by performing it with a choir of senior citizens[43] and Eno invited Mark Coles for the BBC World Service program The Beat to his home to listen to the songs on Eno's laptop.[171]

In 2010, several of the songs from this album—"Home", "I Feel My Stuff", "Life Is Long", "My Big Nurse", and "Strange Overtones"—were included in the Todo Mundo soundtrack album to the film Wall Street: Money Never Sleeps along with other David Byrne songs.[172]

Marketing

Byrne and Eno have both expressed their displeasure with the music industry and traditional models of marketing music, with Eno calling the music business an "exciting mess"[173] and saying:

"The music industry... were selling [physical products, such as CDs] quite expensively actually, that fostered a generally quite lazy attitude within record companies... Suddenly now we have a quite different situation which it seems to me, artists understand much better than record companies do... [Y]oung artists are very comfortable with starting their careers on Facebook or MySpace or something like that—and they're way ahead of the record companies in some respects."[169]

Byrne has outlined the relative merits of different distribution models with this one reflecting his "self-distribution model" in which "the artist stands to receive the largest percentage of income from sales per unit—sales of anything. A larger percentage of fewer sales, most likely, but not always. Artists doing it for themselves can actually make more money than the massive pop star, even though the sales numbers may seem minuscule by comparison."[174] One of the motivations for creating this album over the Internet was that very article Byrne wrote for Wired[175] as well as Eno's belief that music fans want more than just the music on an album and prefer collectible deluxe editions of albums as well as the live performances that promote them.[176] A month after releasing the album, Byrne was skeptical of market saturation claiming "I sense that a lot of people don't know we have a record out" and hoped to counter-balance that ignorance with his tour.[10] He also described the digital music market as "so infinite [that] it's easy for music to get lost out there"[39] and has noted that this business model would not work for performers who are not already established.[177]

The duo enlisted a music marketing startup company—Topspin Media[178]—to design their site, delivery options for the digital music, and promotional web widgets.[179] Like the entirety of the recording process, the marketing was self-financed and controlled by the artists,[180] with Topspin taking a portion of the money made from digital sales.[161] This allowed the artists to control creative aspects of producing music as well as the overhead costs associated with marketing an album.[42] The company used viral marketing techniques to collect potential customers' e-mail addresses and encourage them to post the album streaming on their blogs.[181] By early November, the collected e-mail addresses amounted to 37 percent of the album sales.[182] Topspin have also created a Flickr pool encouraging users to upload screenshots of the widget posted to web sites.[183] No ads were taken out for the album.[25]

Byrne and Eno were praised by Fast Company for their innovative use of Internet marketing and distribution for this album as well as several other releases[184] and the promotion of this album has been lauded as a way of undermining copyright infringement.[185] Key to their success was the software that Topspin Media developed[186] and later commercially released as a bundle for other companies and artists to use, explaining that "In the first eight weeks following the launch of the David Byrne and Brian Eno self-released record, Everything That Happens Will Happen Today, the Topspin platform helped us generate Direct-to-Fan revenue at the very least the equivalent to what we would have expected from a label advance."[187] Topspin's platform resulted in directs profits equivalent to the advance of a record label that went directly to Byrne and Eno.[188] Based in part on the success of marketing this album, representatives of Topspin were invited to teach a course on music marketing at Berklee College of Music in September 2009[189] and Ian C. Rogers lead a panel discussion at South by Southwest on options for independent music artists.[190]

Songs of David Byrne and Brian Eno Tour

Brian Eno—middle-aged Caucasian man with a shaved head—smiles while wearing a black blazer and white shirt.
Eno was rumored to participate in the Songs of David Byrne and Brian Eno Tour, but only appeared onstage once for a brief cameo.[191]

Byrne assembled a band to tour for the album, performing music throughout the latter half of 2008 and early 2009 across North America, Europe, and Australasia. He hired more singers than he had on previous tours to reproduce the complex vocal harmonies of the album[192] and was inspired to bring along dancers after seeing Sufjan Stevens promote the album Illinois[193] as well as the Japanese films Funky Forest and The Taste of Tea.[60] Byrne was initially uninvolved in the choreography, but made more suggestions as the tour went on and after he saw a live performance by Deerhoof that incorporated dancing with instruments.[42] He began booking tour dates before the album was completed[194] and continued writing his book The Bicycle Diaries throughout the tour.[195]

In planning the set lists for the tour, Byrne initially considered only promoting this album [37] but decided to assemble songs from this album as well as his previous collaborations with Brian Eno,[17] including the Talking Heads albums More Songs About Buildings and Food, Fear of Music, and Remain in Light and Byrne's The Catherine Wheel soundtrack. By playing music from all of their collaborations, Byrne hoped to "draw a line linking this new material with what we did 30 years ago"[196] with the goal of clarifying the connection between all of the duo's previous work.[194] In reviewing their past music, he found that "[t]here might be more continuity than I imagined, which I hope is going to work in my favor."[22] Although Eno was invited to participate[6] and early reports indicated that he would, Eno ultimately chose not to tour with Byrne,[197] letting Byrne decide how to present this music live.[175]

Everything That Happens Will Happen on This Tour

On May 11, 2009, the live EP Everything That Happens Will Happen on This Tour – David Byrne on Tour: Songs of David Byrne and Brian Eno was released digitally through Todo Mundo to benefit Amnesty International.[198] The album features four songs recorded in December 2008 on the tour.[85] Topspin Media offered the same digital download options to purchase the EP and the company created a second embeddable media player to promote the album.

Ride, Rise, Roar

A bird's-eye view of David Byrne playing acoustic guitar and singing into a microphone onstage while wearing a white jumpsuit and tutu
The performances on the Songs of David Byrne and Brian Eno Tour included matching costumes, such as the white jumpsuit and tutu that Byrne is wearing here

On February 11, 2010, it was announced that a documentary film entitled Ride, Rise, Roar chronicling the tour would be released to the 2010 film festival circuit.[199] The debut was at South by Southwest on March 15, 2010,[200] where it was screened in all three media categories—film, interactive, and music.[201] Byrne attended some British screenings for question and answer sessions.[202]

Ride, Rise, Roar is the feature-length directorial debut by Hillman Curtis[203]—Byrne approached him after his satisfaction with the short film that accompanies the deluxe edition of Everything That Happens Will Happen Today.[204] The documentary includes concert footage, film of the planning and rehearsals for the tour, and exclusive interviews with Byrne, Eno, and the supporting musicians and dancers.[205] Curtis was initially contacted to document the tour with no clear objective for the film and decided to focus on the collaboration between Byrne and his tour mates as well as the unique challenge of combining popular music with modern dance.[206]

Track listing

All lyrics written by David Byrne; all music by Byrne (vocals) and Brian Eno (instrumentation), except "Strange Overtones" co-written by Leo Abrahams.

  1. "Home" – 5:06
  2. "My Big Nurse" – 3:21
  3. "I Feel My Stuff" – 6:25
  4. "Everything That Happens" – 3:46
  5. "Life Is Long" – 3:45
  6. "The River" – 2:30
  7. "Strange Overtones" – 4:17
  8. "Wanted for Life" – 5:06
  9. "One Fine Day" – 4:55
  10. "Poor Boy" – 4:19
  11. "The Lighthouse" – 3:46
Japanese release
  1. "Poor Boy" (Eno & Leo Abrahams Remix) – 3:51
Deluxe Edition bonus tracks
  1. "Never Thought" – 4:08
  2. "Walking Along the River" – 4:38
  3. "The Eyes" – 3:29
  4. "The Painting" – 4:33

Personnel

"Home"
"My Big Nurse"
"I Feel My Stuff"
  • Leo Abrahams – guitar, solo guitar
  • David Byrne – vocals
  • Brian Eno – bass guitars, electric drums, "inhuman piano" vocalizations, guitar, keyboards, brass, backing vocals, traps
  • Tim Harries – melody bass
  • Phil Manzanera – drone guitar
  • Seb Rochford – live drums
"Everything That Happens"
  • Leo Abrahams – piano, coin guitar
  • David Byrne – vocals
  • Brian Eno – bass guitar, keyboards, water guitars, stellar voice
"Life Is Long"
"The River"
"Strange Overtones"
"Wanted for Life"
  • Leo Abrahams – guitars, bass guitar, backing vocals, percussion
  • David Byrne – vocals
  • Barry Danielian – treated brass
  • Brian Eno – bass guitar, backing vocals, snout keyboard, guitar, electric drums
  • Dan Levine – treated brass
  • Dave Mann – treated brass
  • Seb Rochford – live drums
  • Paul Shapiro – treated brass
"One Fine Day"
  • Leo Abrahams – acoustic guitar, bass guitar
  • David Byrne – vocals
  • Brian Eno – bass guitar, backing vocals, Steinberg virtual guitar, electric guitars, programming
  • Steve Jones – melody guitar
  • Mauro Refosco – zabumba, cahon, tamborim, conga, shaker
  • Seb Rochford – live drums
"Poor Boy"
  • Leo Abrahams – high bass
  • David Byrne – vocals, guitars
  • Brian Eno – bass guitar, electric drums, programming, guitars, keyboards, brass
  • Seb Rochford – live drums
"The Lighthouse"
  • Leo Abrahams – bass guitar, thunder guitar
  • David Byrne – vocals, guitars, ebow guitars, clavinet, piano, surdu, percussion
  • Brian Eno – bass guitar, guitar treatments, keys, programming
  • Seb Rochford – live drums
"Never Thought"
  • Leo Abrahams – ebow, acoustic guitar, piano, percussion
  • David Byrne – vocals, ebow guitars
  • Brian Eno – bass guitar, lead and rhythm guitars, programming, "inhuman piano" vocalizations, backing vocals
  • Melanie Hall QC – female backing vocals
  • Robert Wyatt – Handsonic drum
"Walking Along the River"
  • David Byrne – vocals, piano
  • Brian Eno – bass guitar, electric guitars, keyboards, electric drums, Omnichord piano, percussion, backing vocals
  • Darla Eno – vocals
  • Irial Eno – vocals
  • Seb Rochford – live drums
"The Eyes"
  • Leo Abrahams – reverse guitars, bass guitar
  • David Byrne – vocals
  • Brian Eno – guitars, keys, Omnichord piano, piano, backing vocals
"The Painting"
  • Leo Abrahams – guitars, bass guitar, glockenspiel, solo guitar
  • David Byrne – vocals
  • Brian Eno – guitar, shakers, programming, keys
  • Mauro Refosco – zabumba, timbal
  • Seb Rochford – live drums
Other
  • Greg Calbi – mastering at Sterling Sound, New York City
  • Jarvis Cocker – guitar[66]
  • Patrick Dillett – mixing, live brass and percussion recording at Kampo Studios, New York City
  • Robert Harder – live drum recording at Harder Sound
  • Cherif Hashizume – live drum recording at Cafe Music Studios
  • Sagmeister, Inc. – design
  • Stephan Walter – illustration

See also

References

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  4. ^ D'Andrea, Niki (2008-08-18). "National Music News: Metallica takes its show on the road, Jackson Browne takes John McCain to court, and more". Phoenix New Times. http://blogs.phoenixnewtimes.com/uponsun/2008/08/national_music_news_metallica.php. Retrieved 2009-04-22. 
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