Nikolay Zubov

Nikolay Zubov
Nikolay Zubov.jpg

Count Nikolay Alexandrovich Zubov (Russian: Николай Александрович Зубов; 24 April 1763 - 9 August 1805) was the eldest of the Zubov brothers who, together with Count Pahlen, masterminded the conspiracy to assassinate Tsar Paul of Russia.

In 1782 Zubov joined the Horse Guards regiment where he became known for his gigantic height, physical strength and fiery temper. When his younger brother Platon became Catherine II's lover, the "colossus" was made a count and general. He helped Alexander Suvorov fend off Prince Potemkin's intrigues, courted his only daughter, the Suvorochka (1775–1844), and eventually married her towards the end of 1794.

Although Catherine II's death spelled the end of his career, Nicholas mustered courage and rushed to the Gatchina Palace, where her son Paul was residing. He hoped to become the first to congratulate Paul on his prospective ascension to the throne. On hearing the news of his arrival, Paul refused to see the courtier. He had heard the rumor that the Zubovs persuaded the Empress to sign a testament transferring the throne to her grandson Alexander and was afraid that Zubov had come to arrest him.

In short order, the Zubov brothers were exiled from court and little was heard about them until November 1800, when Nicholas was permitted to return to St. Petersburg. The connections of his sister Olga Zherebtsova and the funds provided by her lover Lord Whitworth allowed him and Count Pahlen to form a conspiracy. On the night of 11 March 1801 the plotters broke into Paul's bedroom in Saint Michael's Castle, and Zubov struck the emperor down with a heavy snuffbox, whereupon he was strangled by his accomplices.

Zubov died four years after the regicide. Among his descendants was Count Valentin Platonovich Zubov (1884–1969) who founded the Gatchina museum and authored several books about Tsar Paul and his reign.

References

This article includes content derived from the Russian Biographical Dictionary, 1896–1918.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Zubov (surname) — Zubov is a family of Russian nobility that came to power in the late 18th century.Zubov, originating from the Russian word zub (tooth), may also refer to: *Alexey Zubov (1682 c. 1750), Russian etcher *Fyodor Zubov, iconic painter whose works are… …   Wikipedia

  • Zubov Bay — (coord|65|42|S|65|52|W|) is a bay 2.5 miles (4.0 km) wide, indenting the east side of Renaud Island in the Biscoe Islands. First accurately shown on an Argentine government chart of 1957. Named by the United Kingdom Antarctic Place Names… …   Wikipedia

  • Zubov — For other people named Zubov, see Zubov (disambiguation). Zubov (Russian: Зубов) was a Russian noble family which rose to the highest offices of state in the 1790s, when Platon Zubov succeeded Count Orlov and Prince Potemkin as the favourite of… …   Wikipedia

  • Nikolay Raevsky — For other uses, see Nikolay Raevsky (disambiguation). Nikolay Nikolaevich Raevsky Nikolay Nikolayevich Raevsky (Russian: Николай Николаевич Раевский) (September 25 [O.S. 14] 1771 September 28 [O.S. 16] 1829)[1] …   Wikipedia

  • List of ships of Russia by project number — The list of ships of Russia by project number includes all Russian ships by assigned project numbers. Ship descriptions are Russian assigned classifications when known. (The Russian term проект can be translated either as the cognitive project or …   Wikipedia

  • Nina Shatskaya — Background information Birth name Nina Arkadyevna Shatskaya Born 22 April 1971 (1971 04 …   Wikipedia

  • Nikolai Chernykh — Nikolay Stepanovich Chernykh (Russian: Николай Степанович Черных) (October 6, 1931 – May 26, 2004) was a Soviet and Russian astronomer. Chernykh was born in the city of Usman in Voronezh Oblast. He specialized in astrometry and the dynamics of… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Russian people — The Millennium of Russia monument in Veliky Novgorod, featuring the statues and reliefs of the most celebrated people in the first 1000 years of Russian history …   Wikipedia

  • Championnats du monde de cyclisme sur piste juniors — Infobox compétition sportive Championnats du monde de cyclisme sur piste juniors Création 1975 Organisateur(s) UCI Périodicité Annuelle Statut des participants Juniors (17 18 ans) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of Russians — This is a list of people associated with Imperial Russia, the Soviet Union, and Russia of today. For a long time Russia has been a multinational country, and many people of different ethnicity contributed to its culture, to its glory, and to its… …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»