Institutional memory

Institutional memory

Institutional memory is a collective of facts, concepts, experiences and know-how held by a group of people. As it transcends the individual, it requires the ongoing transmission of these memories between members of this group. Elements of institutional memory may be found in corporations, professional groups, government bodies, religious groups, academic collaborations and by extension in entire cultures.

Institutional memory may be encouraged to preserve a group's ideology or way of work. Conversely, institutional memory may be ingrained to the point that it becomes hard to challenge if something is found to contradict that which was previously thought to have been correct.

Institutional knowledge

Institutional knowledge is gained by organizations translating historical data into useful knowledge and wisdom. Memory depends upon the preservation of data and also the analytical skills necessary for its effective use within the organization.

Religion is one of the significant institutional forces acting on humanity's collective memory. Alternatively, the evolution of ideas in Marxist theory, is that the mechanism whereby knowledge and wisdom are passed down through the generations is subject to economic determinism. In all instances social systems, cultures and organizations have an interest in controlling and using institutional memories.

Organizational structure determines the training requirements and expectations of behaviour associated with various roles. This is part of the implicit institutional knowledge. Progress to higher echelons requires assimilation of this, and when outsiders enter at a high level if they do not appreciate this morale and effectiveness tends to deteriorate.

Literature and documents

Publishing has changed greatly in its organization, financing, distribution, and bottom line emphasis. The dissemination of knowledge in printed media has been consolidated under the control of a relatively few corporate publishers, many with ties to mass entertainment multi-national conglomerates.

Personal reminiscences

Memories were shared and sustained across generations before writing appeared. Some of the oral tradition can be traced, distantly, back to the dawn of civilization, but not all past societies have left any mark on the present.

Is institutional memory fading?

Various types of organizational education systems exist, many threatened in the information age by newer technologies. It is appropriate to maintain electronic access to significant historical archives, in repositories such as the Wikisource database or Project Gutenberg. Increasing archival activity in recent years, spurred by increasing use of electronic data retrieval systems, has necessitated enhancement of certain document repositories, while actually improving accessibility. The teaching of mathematics, for instance, has been fundamentally altered by the algorithmic shortcuts enabled by calculators.

ee also

* Corporate culture
* Corporate memory
* History of Science and Technology
* Information Awareness Office
* Industrial and organizational psychology
* Institutional economics
* Internet Archive
* Library and Information Science
* Memoir
* Memory hole
* B'nai B'rith
* Patriot Act
* Tribal knowledge

External links

* [] - 'Is Organisational Memory a Useful Construct in Understanding Learning Organisations'
* [] - 'Reminiscence: Lee Goerner Editor and Publisher (1947-1995),' Katherine McNamara
* [] - 'Million Book Project'
* [] - 'Presidential Libraries' (US government archives)
* [] - 'Institutional Memory', Council of New York Cooperatives and Condominiums' (Autumn, 2002)
* [] - 'PG-EU' (Project Gutenberg in European Union member states)
* [] - 'The Digital Gutenberg Project'
* [] - 'Institutional Memory: ideas originating from psychologists and linguists in Moscow, Leningrad, Kharkov, Berlin during the 1920s and 1930s'
* [] - 'Printing'
* National Library for Health [ Knowledge Management Specialist Library] - collection of resources about organisational memory.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Institutional Memory — Infobox Television episode Title = Insititutional Memory Series = The West Wing Caption = Season = 7 Episode = 153 Airdate = May 72006 Production = 2T6221 Writer = Debora Cahn Director = Lesli Linka Glatter Guests = Timothy Busfield Kathleen York …   Wikipedia

  • memory — noun 1 ability to remember ADJECTIVE ▪ excellent, good, long, prodigious, retentive ▪ awful, bad, faulty, poor …   Collocations dictionary

  • MEMORY — holocaust literature in european languages historiography of the holocaust holocaust studies Documentation, Education, and Resource Centers memorials and monuments museums film survivor testimonies Holocaust Literature in European Languages The… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • institutional — adj. Institutional is used with these nouns: ↑bargaining, ↑barrier, ↑care, ↑context, ↑discrimination, ↑failure, ↑framework, ↑investment, ↑investor, ↑memory, ↑racism, ↑ …   Collocations dictionary

  • Organizational memory — (OM) (sometimes called institutional or corporate memory) is the accumulated body of data, information, and knowledge created in the course of an individual organization’s existence. Falling under the wider disciplinary umbrella of knowledge… …   Wikipedia

  • Corporate memory — (CM) can be defined as the total body of data, information and knowledge required to deliver the strategic aims and objectives of an organization. A corporate memory is the combination of a repository the space where objects and artifacts are… …   Wikipedia

  • Art of memory — For the 1966 non fiction book, see The Art of Memory. Graphical memory devices from the works of Giordano Bruno The Art of Memory or Ars Memorativa ( art of memory in Latin) is a general term used to designate a loosely associated group of… …   Wikipedia

  • Museum of Memory and Human Rights — Human rights, universal challenge room The Museum of Memory and Human Rights (in Spanish: Museo de la Memoria y los Derechos Humanos) is a chilean museum located in Santiago, dedicated to commemorate the victims of Human Rights violations during… …   Wikipedia

  • United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. 267,954,767; conterminous United States, 3,022,387 sq. mi. (7,827,982 sq. km); with… …   Universalium

  • Deepalaya — s logo Deepalaya is the largest operating non governmental organisation (NGO) in India’s national capital state Delhi, working on issues affecting the development of the urban and rural poor in India, with a special focus on children.[1]… …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»